Amsco World History – 10

Flashcard maker : Patsy Brent
Equal-Field System
Attempted to ensure all families had a parcel of land to cultivate
Fast-Ripening Rice
Native to Vietnam, allowed growth of two crops a year
Proto-Industrialization
Precedes and enables rise of factories
Flying Cash
Allowed depositing money at one location and withdraw from another
Paper Money
New form of currency used by Post-Classical China
Magnetic Compass
Tells direction, aided ship control
Rudder
Helps orient a ship in directions, aided ship control
Junk
Boat similar to dhow
Wood-Block Printing
Raised areas covered with ink and mirror image created on a page
Nuclear Family
Wife, husband, and children
Sinification
Assimilation of Chinese traditions and practices
Polygyny
Having more than one spouse at a time
Xuanzang
Chinese Buddhist monk, went to India
Hsuan Tsung
Emperor of Tang empire who was overthrown
An Lushan
Formed a rebellion and caused heavy damage to Tang empire
Scholar Gentry
Song officials who were educated in Confucius but not in military
Daimyo
Landowning aristocrats of Japan
Sui Dynasty
Short-lived dynasty; violence and oppression
Grand Canal
Built by thousands of peasants, connected Yangtze to center of government
Hangzhou
City which expanded greatly under Sui Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
Dynasty of stability and prosperity, extended territory
Middle Kingdom
Society around which the world revolves
Silla Kingdom
Kingdom in Korea, paid large amounts of cash to China
Tributary System
Other states paying to China as a sign of honor
Song Dynasty
Empire between 960 and 1279, slightly smaller land than before
Southern Song Dynasty
Capital moved to Hangzhou, northern Yuan dynasty conquered by Mongols
Tang Taizong
Ruler who expanded transportation and bureaucracy originally started by Sui
Song Taizu
Ruler who expanded educational opportunities and strengthened military leaders
Chang’an
Original capitol of Song dynasty
Kaifeng
City to which Song dynasty originally moved their capital to after threats of invasion
Yuan Dynasty
Dynasty created by the Mongol Empire
Ming Dynasty
Dynasty after Yuan
Minamoto Clan
Family which took power in Japan, installed a military leader to reign supreme
Shogun
Military leader of Japan
Samurai
Professional warriors hired by nobles
Kumsong
Capital City of Korea modeled on Chang’an
Guerrilla Warfare
Vietnamese method of warfare for driving out Chinese army
Kowtow
Bowing until one’s head reached the floor
Uighurs
Ethnic group living in Central Asia, aided Tang Empire
Foot Binding
Wrapping feet to prevent natural growth
Li Bo
Poet focusing on love, friendship, wine
Du Fu
Poet-historian, wrote of hardships of daily life
Chan (Zen) Buddhism
Cross between two religions, similar to Taoism in learning based on experience and meditation
Neo-Confucianism
Social and Ethical philosophy that combined rational thought with Taoism and Buddhism
Shotoku Taishi
Prince of Japan who consolidated power in a single ruler and implemented merit-based selection of bureaucrats
Taika Reforms
Initiated by Shotoku’s successor, for increasing efficiency and consolidating land under government
Fujiwara Clan
Took control from Yamato rulers
Nara
New Japanese capital modeled on Chang’an
Heian
Original capital of Japan, Fujiwara clan moved their capital back to there
Murasaki Shikibu
Woman who wrote world’s first novel
The Tale of Genji
World’s first novel
Bushido
Code which stressed frugality, loyalty, martial arts, and honorable death

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