AMH 2010 Chapter 5 Essay

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“Give me liberty, or give me death!” was uttered by Samuel Adams at the first Continental Congress.
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False
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A major blow to the relationship between the British and colonists occurred when Lord Dunmore proclaimed that
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escaped slaves who took up arms for the king would be freed.
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According to the doctrine of “virtual representation,” the House of Commons represented very few residents of the British empire, despite their voting statuses.
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False
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Adding to Congress’s formal declaration, the Declaration of Independence
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declared the United States independent of British rule.
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An early skirmish between the colonists and British soldiers arose over the seizure of arms stockpiled in Concord.
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True
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As Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, Common Sense, became one of the most successful and influential in the history of political writing to that date, Paine wanted a share of the profits to be used for
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supplies for the Continental army.
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As tensions between Britain and the colonies mounted, social conflict within the colonies faded.
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False
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At Trenton, Washington staged a surprise attack on Hessian soldiers in the service of the British
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True
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At the beginning of the war, George Washington refused to accept black recruits.
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True
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Before leaving Boston, the British, under the command of Lord Charles Cornwallis, cut down the original Liberty Tree.
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False
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Both colonists and some in Britain decried the treatment of John Wilkes because he
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was expelled from Parliament due to his scandalous remarks about the king.
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British success in the Seven Years’ War contributed to the making of the American Revolution because
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the British raised taxes to pay for the debt it incurred during the war.
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By late 1774, colonial Committees of Safety had begun transferring effective power from established colonial governments (under British control) to grassroots bodies.
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True
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By substituting “pursuit of happiness” for “property,” Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence significantly broadened the American conception of freedom.
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True
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Committees of Correspondence in the colonies during the 1760s
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were a group of colonial elites who exchanged ideas and information about resistance to the Sugar, Currency, and Stamp Acts.
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During the 1760s, backcountry protesters in the Carolinas were known as
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Regulators.
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During the Seven Years’ War, Great Britain treated the colonists as allies, yet only a few years later the colonists were treated as subordinates again.
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True
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Following the Boston Tea Party, Parliament imposed restrictions on Massachusetts that included closing the port of Boston, curtailing town meetings, and allowing soldiers to be lodged in people’s houses. These restrictions were called
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Coercive or Intolerable Acts.
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In September 1780, this able American commander turned traitor to the American cause and almost turned West Point over to the British.
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Benedict Arnold
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In Thomas Jefferson’s draft of the Declaration of Independence, he berated the king regarding the continued inhumanity of the slave trade.
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True
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In his work, A Summary View of the Rights of British America, Thomas Jefferson demanded that the British empire be seen as a collection of equal parts held together by loyalty to a constitutional monarch, not a system in which one part ruled over the others.
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True
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In response to the colonists’ formation of a Continental army, Britain declared the colonies in a state of rebellion and ordered the closing of all colonial ports.
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True
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In the late 1700s, there was a rumor that the Anglican Church in England planned to send bishops to America, causing colonists to fear that new religious courts might be established.
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True
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In the mid-1700s, this word emerged as the foremost rallying cry for popular discontent in the New World.
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liberty
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On October 17, 1777, the Americans scored an important victory against British forces at
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Saratoga.
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One of the unique aspects of Thomas Paine’s writing was that he addressed the educated elite, as they were the men who had voting power.
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False
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Opposition to the Stamp Act developed more slowly than in the case of the Townshend duties.
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False
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Some slaves gained their freedom by serving as soldiers during the Revolution.
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True
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Sons of Liberty (1765) were said to oppose “every limitation of trade and duty on it.” In this context, define “duty.”
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tax
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The “shot heard ’round the world” began the American War of Independence, and took place in what city?
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Concord
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The 1764 Sugar Act provoked the colonists by increasing the tax on molasses imported into North America.
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False
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The Age of Revolution began in Spanish South America.
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False
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The Carolina “Regulators” of the mid-1760s were
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a group of wealthy residents of the backcountry who protested the lack of courts and lack of representation in colonial governance.
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The Coercive Acts were known as the Abominable Acts in the colonies.
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False
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The First Continental Congress met in
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Philadelphia.
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The Stamp Act had mainly affected residents of colonial ports; the Sugar Act managed to offend virtually every free colonist.
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False
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The Tea Act raised the price of Chinese tea in the colonies.
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False
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The brutal treatment of civilians by British forces under Colonel Banastre Tarleton persuaded many Americans to join the patriot cause.
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True
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The colonial political leader Joseph Galloway predicted that if the colonies were to achieve independence, a war between the northern and southern colonies might later occur.
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True
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The final decisive victory in the War for Independence was
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Cornwallis’s defeat at Yorktown.
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The first battles of the Revolutionary War were very successful for George Washington.
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False
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The idea that the United States has a special mission to serve as a symbol of freedom, a refuge from tyranny, and a model for the world is called by historians
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American exceptionalism.
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The immediate cause of the rioting at the home of Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson was the Sugar Act.
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False
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The name of the Revolutionary “swamp fox” was
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Francis Marion
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The reason John Hancock signed the Declaration of Independence in such large script was because he wanted to make sure King George III could read his signature without the assistance of his glasses.
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True
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The ruler of Great Britain during the time of the American Revolution was
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George III.
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The two southern colonies that did not enroll free blacks and slaves to fight were
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South Carolina and Georgia.
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What did the 1766 Declaratory Act declare?
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that Parliament had the power to pass laws for the colonies “in all cases whatever”
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What did the Sugar Act of 1764 do that so vexed the colonists due to the already existing tax on molasses imported from the French West Indies?
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It decreased it
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What two European powers allied with the Americans in the War for Independence?
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France and Spain
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When colonists insisted that because they were not represented in Parliament they could not be taxed by the British government, the British replied that they were represented by
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virtual representation.
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When, on April 19, 1775, British soldiers marched from Boston to the nearby town of Concord to seize a cache of weapons, forty-nine Americans and seventy-three British soldiers died in skirmishes.
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True
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Which of the “founding fathers” argued that Parliament had no right to authorize the Writs of Assistance to combat smuggling?
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James Otis
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Which of the colonies did not participate in the first Continental Congress?
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Georgia
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Which of the following did the Stamp Act affect?
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newspapers
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Which of the following was not a feature of the Stamp Act crisis of 1765?
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The Stamp Act was passed by the Stamp Act Congress as a way to subvert Parliament’s power to tax the colonies.
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Which of the following was not a part of the balance of power between the British and American forces during the Revolution?
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The British had correctly surmised the degree of support for independence among the American population.
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Who engraved the image of the Boston Massacre that became one of the most influential pieces of political propaganda of the Revolutionary Era?
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Paul Revere
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Who was appointed the military commander of the army during the Second Continental Congress?
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George Washington
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Who was considered “the first martyr” of the American Revolution?
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Crispus Attucks
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Who was not a member of the American delegation that negotiated the Treaty of Paris?
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Samuel Adams
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Who won the Revolutionary War?
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Americans

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