American Red Cross First Aid/CPR/AED Participant’s Manual: Chapter 4

question

What is a breathing emergency? List some examples.
answer

Any respiratory problem that can threaten a person’s life. Example: respiratory distress, respiratory arrest and choking
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When do breathing emergencies happen?
answer

When air cannot travel freely and easily into the lungs
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Define Airway
answer

Pathway from the mouth and nose lungs.
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Parts that make up Airway
answer

Nose Mouth Tongue Epiglottis Trachea
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Time for brain cells to die without oxygen
answer

4-6 minutes
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Define Cardiac Arrest
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When an adult’s heart stops working
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Causes of Respiratory Distress and Respiratory Arrest
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Choking, Illness, Chronic conditions (asthma), Electrocution, Irregular Heartbeat, Heart Attack, Injury to the head or brain stem, chest, lungs or abdomen, Allergic Reactions, Drug Overdoes, Poisoning, Emotional Distress, Drowning
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Define Asthma
answer

The inflammtion of the air passages that results in a temporary narrowing of the airways that carry oxygen to the lungs
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When does asthma happen?
answer

When a trigger causes the airway to swell and narrow. Trigger: exercise, cold air, allergens or other irritants

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