AMERICAN DRAMA

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
were performed by men wearing masks
Greek plays
allegories representing vices and virtues
morality plays
based on the life of one of the saints
miracle plays
early secular plays
Roman plays
presented the story of Noah
mystery plays
presenting life as the playwright saw it, rather than as he would like it to be
realism
using concrete things to represent abstract ideas
symbolism
led to the use of scrims and whirling stage platforms
expressionism
commercial theater presenting short-run, low-budget plays
legitimate theater
a group of actors presenting a variety of plays
repertory theater
Which were styles used in early American plays?
romantic
symbolic
experimental
vernacular
romantic
vernacular
A popular type of character who displayed American common sense by outwitting sophisticated foreigners was called the _____.
stage yankee
The first play of merit, written in 1852, was an adaptation by George L. Aiken of _____.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
The birth of the “new drama” in the twentieth century was aided by two movements: _____.

Puritan influence
revival of dramatic literature in Europe
growth of ‘”little theater” in the United States
slavery

revival of dramatic literature in Europe
growth of ‘”little theater” in the United States
Three new playwrights of the twentieth century were: _____.

Harriet Beecher Stowe
George l. Aiken
Eugene O’Neill
Maxwell Anderson
Elmer Rice

Eugene O’Neill
Maxwell Anderson
Elmer Rice
Large commercial theaters in New York having long-run popular plays are referred to as _____.
Broadway
A playwright more interested in the psychological than the social was _____.
Arthur Miller
A scrim is _____.

a spinning stage
a thin backdrop curtain
a literary philosophy
another term for playwright

a thin backdrop curtain
The distortion of external appearances is called _____.
expressionism
Why was American drama slow in developing?

no established audience
too many good actors and playwrights
lack of funds
Puritans outlawed drama.
prejudice against theater as associated with monarchy

no established audience
lack of funds
Puritans outlawed drama
prejudice against theater as associated with monarchy
deals with a serious subject
tragedy
often amuses audience
comedy
the sequence of actions in a play
plot
the part of a play that presents necessary introductory information
exposition
the message or underlying meaning of a play
theme
the main character in a play
protagonist
the unique way in which an author expresses himself
style
the responsibility of the stage designer
setting
the design or pattern of a play
structure
used by the playwright to explain the way something is to be done
stage directions
a speech given by a character alone or on stage
monologue
the words spoken by the actors
dialogue
Which of the following directions are not included in the script of a play by the playwright?

Detailed instructions concerning the appearance of the set
Indication of when an actor enters the stage
Indication of emotional state of actor in a specific scene
Lighting instructions implied by time of day indicated.

Detailed instructions concerning the appearance of the set
She laughed as she set the dish on the table is an example of _____.
stage directions
An event, revelation, or a new character that creates a problem the protagonist must overcome is called the _____.
conflict
Another term for struggle is _____.
conflict
The turning point or peak of greatest suspense in a play is called the _____.
climax
The part of the play which explains the outcome is referred to as the _____.
resolution
To read a play with understanding you need to: _____.

first memorize the title and author
first examine the list of characters
identify characters and understand relationships to each other
picture setting or scenery
pick out clues from dialogue as you read

first examine the list of characters
identify characters and understand relationships to each other
picture setting or scenery
pick out clues from dialogue as you read
A tragedy includes the following plot parts:

climax C , exposition E, falling action FA, incident I, resolution R, rising action RA.

Arrange the parts of the plot of a tragedy in chronological order

E (exposition)
I (incident)
RA (rising action)
C (climax)
FA (falling action)
R (resolution)
The use of distortions in time or space is referred to as _____.
expressionism
Plays based on the lives of saints were known as _____.
miracle plays
Mystery plays are _____.

Gothic in nature
dramatic Bible stories
plays having crime, suspense, and detectives
secular

dramatic Bible stories
The “new drama” was born in _____.

the twentieth century
the colonial period
the theater today
the period after the Revolution

the twentieth century
Which of the following was not a reason that American drama was slow in developing?

Early colonists had outlawed it.
No finances were available to produce plays.
Drama was unpopular throughout the world at this time.
No audience was yet interested.
There was prejudice against anything associated with monarchy.

Drama was unpopular throughout the world at this time.
Four outstanding twentieth century playwrights were: _____.

Lillian Hellman
Arthur Miller
William Shakespeare
Clifford Odets
George L. Aiken
Thornton Wilder

Lillian Hellman
Arthur Miller
Clifford Odets
Thornton Wilder
the quality of being understood or shared by all
universality
used when Emily and George met in the drugstore (Our Town)
flashbacks
conversation made by actors
dialogue
a thin curtain transparent when lighted from behind
scrim
the time elapsing between Act I and Act II (Our Town)
(3) three years
the time elapsing between Act II and Act III (Our Town)
(9) nine years
exemplified by the rooster’s crowing, the factory whistle, and so forth
realism
the idea that man wants things to remain the same and resists change
conflict
the type of play of which Our Town could be considered an example
morality
device used by Wilder for exposition
monologue
The _____ sets up the problem that a character must overcome.

conflict
resolution
exposition
incident

incident
Stage directions for the set, the lighting, and the creation of characters are necessary for _____.

structuring the play
visualizing the play
reading the play
resolving the play

visualizing the play
When reading a play, first _____.

picture the setting
look up unfamiliar words
find the incident
examine the list of characters

examine the list of characters
the design or pattern of a play is called the _____.

style
structure
elements
conflict

Structure
The message or meaning of a play is _____.

theme
monologue
exposition
incident

theme
Which character will later die in France?

Howie Newsom, the milkman
George, Emily’s boyfriend
Joe Crowell, the paperboy

Joe Crowell, the paperboy
The main character who must struggle against opposing forces is called the _____.

hero
protagonist
villain

protagonist
The working out or explanation of the plot, following the climax, is the _____.

exposition
development
resolution

resolution
A story told by dialogue and action is a(n) _____.

action film
play
romance

play
The turning point or point of highest dramatic intensity is the _____.

exposition
conflict
climax
resolution

climax
Two major types of conflict are _____.

external and internal
intense and diffuse
personal and impersonal
current and future

external and internal
The presentation of background material to introduce a play is called _____.

conflict
exposition
setting the scene
fleshing out

exposition
The sequence of events in the story is referred to as _____.

acts
incidence
plot
resolution

plot
The unique combination of words, grammar, and structure is referred to as _____.

approach
linguistic development
style

style
Check the things that have changed from Act I to Act II.

The town has a new milkman.
The town has a new paperboy.
nine years have passed.
George and Emily have fallen in love.
three years have passed.
Mrs. Gibbs has died.

The town has a new paperboy.
George and Emily have fallen in love.
three years have passed.
Check the things that have changed from Act II to Act III.

Mrs. Soames has died.
Emily has given birth to two children.
nine years have passed.
five years have passed.
Emily has died.

Mrs. Soames has died.
Emily has given birth to two children.
nine years have passed.
Emily has died
CONFLICT OR THEME?
Man cannot appreciate the real beauty of life and savor each tiny moment until he has lost life.
Theme
CONFLICT OR THEME?
Man tries to avoid change, yet can do nothing to stop the progress of life and its accompanying changes.
Conflict

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