American Civil Rights Movement Essay Example
American Civil Rights Movement Essay Example

American Civil Rights Movement Essay Example

Available Only on StudyHippo
  • Pages: 4 (1071 words)
  • Published: January 24, 2022
View Entire Sample
Text preview

The Harlem renaissance was the name given to cultural, social and artistically explosion that took place between the end of World War 1 and the middle of 1930s(Bailey et al 73) .According to the history, the Harlem acted as the cultural center drawing black writers, artist, musicians, poets, scholars and photographers from different areas.

People flew from different areas to this city where they were granted with a favorable and conducive environment to exercise their talents. The artists who came to this city to express their talents and worked hard and become successful achieved recognition. Such artists were Langston Hughes and Claude McKay. Basically, Langston Hughes was an African- American author who was known for his poems about the black experiences in the United States.

According to the history he was known for producing neat work in


the field of Harlem renaissance. He was following the footsteps of Freudian psychology which advocated enjoying a more direct and authentic relationship to the natural world and to simple human feeling so called “Over-civilized” whites as he was a black person. He co-operated with others in his work. In the year 1881-1974, a European Avant –garde inspired in part of by African mask to break from early representational style towards abstraction in painting and sculpture.

Thus their work was impressing before the eyes of many in the world. Langston Hughes was one of the slaves that were obtained by their respective colonies. According to him they suffered a lot and could receive all sorts of discriminations. They used to stay separately away from the colonies. According to him there work was to work in the colonies plantations without fee. At the

View entire sample
Join StudyHippo to see entire essay

same time, they had no right to question anything.

They were entirely under the colonies commands that even were not considerate on their health status. After the civil war which was purposed at obtaining more slaves from the colonized countries, the reconstruction was noted. During this time most of the slaves were fled, this was as a result of 13th amendment of the constitution. Following this tremendous exercise; the freedmen were thrown largely on their own meager resources. These individuals who were left landless and uproot, they moved about in search of job.

Most of them suffered adversely as they lacked basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter. By 1877, the withdrawals of the last federal troop under the control of the southern white were noted from the south. Blacks were provided with another newly stated constitutions such as Mississippi in 1890.this constitution advocated for the African representation officials lingered on No black should was to serve in the united states congress for three decades (Ling, 2015). Most of the Africans were recruited in the colonies officials in the government but were first not graded the any useful responsibilities.

Booker T Washington who was an ex-slave black leader and who built Tuskegee institute in Alabama into a major center for industrial training for the black youths in the year 1895 up to his death in the year 1915 invigorated the blacks to concentrate of improving their poor economic conditions. He urged the whites to employ the blacks as laborers in their businesses since he did not believe it if blacks were to concentrate on the craft studies, nothing much would come of it. Despite his efforts to

organize a Negro business league in 1900, he was not able to succeed due to the stiff competition from the whites who owned already big businesses and their lack of sufficient capital (Deegan et al 57). Washington became the most powerful black man in history due to his ever success in winning increasing popularity and influential white support. His time of leadership was proved to be the most frequent setbacks for the black Americans.

Blacks lost their rights to vote and the skills they had acquired from the Washington school would not earn them jobs due to discrimination and deeply entrenched segregation. Later in the year 1903 other blacks opposing washing ton began to arise and there was so much eroticization about him and his accommodative philosophy in the souls of black folk. In 1910 some blacks of the Niagara group joined with concerned liberal and major whites to organize the national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP) which became the effective organ for propaganda regarding he black rights (Deegan et al 57). The NAACP went ahead to win its first legal case in the year 1915 against a constitutional clause that was aimed in the south to disfranchise the blacks was outlawed by the supreme court of the United States. In 1915 and 1916 the blacks shifted from the south to the north due worsened economic depression in the southern agriculture as new job opportunities opened up in industries that supplied food to world war embodied Europe. The acme of the African creative talent in music, literature and the arts in the 1920s was focused in New York and is what later came

to be known as the black renaissance grounded on the upsurge in race awareness among blacks.

The norm contributors to this renaissance included factually figures such as Du Bois and the poet James Weldon Johnson and new young writers like Claude McKay who penned an inordinate piece of work ‘if we must die’ which is most quoted. The black cultural movement of the 1920s was greatly stimulated by journals which published short pieces of talented writers comprised of the NAACPs crisis and the national urban league’s opportunity. Intensified economic problem ignited major political developments among the blacks and in 1929 national Negro congress was founded and southern Negro youth congress in the following year. These were the fruits of the efforts in unifying black groups and their organizations.

In the 1920s the blacks ignored the republican administration for the democrats and in 1932 they supported presidential candidate from the democrats (Deegan et al 57). Blacks got to benefit from these programs through not being discriminated against the whites and equal rights for all and by 1940s campaign for the black rights was tremendously being recognized, they started being incorporated in the army, sports, media and politics


  1. Bailey, Julius, and Scott Rosenberg. "Reading twentieth century urban black cultural movements through popular periodicals: a case study of the Harlem Renaissance and South Africa’s Sophiatown." Safundi 17.1 (2016): 63-86.
  2. Deegan, Mary Jo. "Jane Addams, the Chicago Schools of Sociology, and the Emergence of Symbolic Interaction, 1889–1935." The Astructural Bias Charge: Myth or Reality?. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016. 57-76.
Get an explanation on any task
Get unstuck with the help of our AI assistant in seconds