America a narrative history
Flashcard maker : Josephine Mack
Merchantile System – p.159
An economic system (Europe in 18th century) to increase a nation’s wealth by government regulation of all of the nation’s commercial interests
Navigation Acts – p. 160
One of several acts of Parliament between 1651 and 1847 designed primarily to expand British trade and limit trade by British colonies with countries that were rivals of Great Britain
Glorious Revolution p. 162
Bloodless Revolution the events of 1688–89 in England that resulted in the ousting of James II and the establishment of William III and Mary II as joint monarchs. Members of Britain’s political and religious elite increasingly suspected James II of being pro-French and pro-Catholic and of having designs on becoming an absolute monarch. When he produced a Catholic heir, the tension exploded, and leading nobles called on his Protestant son-in-law and nephew, William III of Orange, to land an invasion army from the Netherlands, which he did. James fled England (and thus was held to have abdicated) in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was replaced by his Protestant elder daughter, Mary II, and her husband, William III.
An unofficial and long-lasting 17th- & 18th-century British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, meant to keep the American colonies obedient to England.Robert Walpole Prime Minister from 1721-1742 – thought the American colonies should be left alone to export needed raw materials (timber, tobacco, rice, Indigo) and to buy various manufactured goods from the MOther COuntry. This gave the colonies more freedom to pursue ecomomic and political freedoms. This independent attitude blossoms to revolution.
The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu, S.J., SJ or SI) is a Christian male religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. Jesuits. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry. The French Jesuit settlers established missions in places like Terra Haute (High Land) and Des Moines (Some Monks)The were traders offering European goods to the indians in return for furs and encroached far less on the Indian lands – winning Native America Allies over the British. , Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534. They played an important part in the Catholic Reformation and helped create conduits of trade and knowledge between Asia and Europe.
Pontiac’s War, Pontiac’s Conspiracy, or Pontiac’s Rebellion was a war that was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British postwar (french Indian wars) policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763). Warriors from numerous tribes joined the uprising in an effort to drive British soldiers and settlers out of the region. The war is named after the Ottawa leader Pontiac, the most prominent of many native leaders in the conflict.Pontiac told the british that the French never conquered us neither did they purhcase a foot of our Country, nor have they the right to give it to you., 1763 – An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottawa chief named Pontiac. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed.
The Whig Party was a US political party active in the early 19th century in the United States. from the early 1830s to the mid-1850s, the party was formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. They were against the king and his \”Tories\” whom they felt were corrupt. Trial by jury, preumption of innocence, taxation through elected representatives, (fighting the stamp act). Modernization and economic protectionism. This name was chosen to echo the American Whigs of 1776, who fought for independence, and because \”Whig\” was then a widely recognized label of choice for people who identified as opposing tyranny. The Whig Party counted among its members such national political luminaries as Daniel Webster, William Henry Harrison, and their preeminent leader, Henry Clay of Kentucky. In addition to Harrison, the Whig Party also nominated war hero generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. Abraham Lincoln was the chief Whig leader in frontier Illinois.conservatives and popular with pro-Bank people and plantation owners. They mainly came from the National Republican Party, which was once largely Federalists. They took their name from the British political party that had opposed King George during the American Revolution. Their policies included support of industry, protective tariffs, and Clay’s American System. They were generally upper class in origin. Included Clay and Webster
Sons of LIberty
The Sons of Liberty were American patriots formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the abuses of the British government. They met underneath liberty trees – elm or oak trees. They are best known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773 in reaction to the Tea Act, which led to the Intolerable Acts (an intense crackdown by the British government), and a counter-mobilization by the Patriots., A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Stamp Act Congress
A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance., A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act. It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
Samuel Adams played a key role in the defense of colonial rights. He had been a leader of the Sons of Liberty and suggested the formation of the Committees of Correspondence. Adams was crucial in spreading the principle of colonial rights throughout New England and is credited with provoking the Boston Tea Party..SIgned Declaration of INdependence
British Prime Minister of England from 1770 to 1782.during revolution Although he repealed the Townshend Acts, he generally went along with King George III’s repressive policies towards the colonies even though he personally considered them wrong. He hoped for an early peace during the Revolutionary War and resigned after Cornwallis’ surrender in 1781., He had passed the Coercive Acts and supported the king greatly to the extent that Britain was ruled only by the king.
3rd President of the United States, He was a Second governor of Virgina.delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Outspoken member of House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with \”Give me liberty or give me death\” speech
American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)
Member of a militia during the American Revolution who could be ready to fight in sixty seconds
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
1776- Paine argued for independence, directly attacking allegiance to the monarchy, refocusing hostility previously vented on Parliament. The pamphlet was published anonymously in Philadelphia. He proved himself the consummate Revolutionary rhetorician. The Common sense of the matter, it seemed, was that King George III bore the responsibility for the malevolence toward the colonist. Before Paine, few colonists thought Independence was an option.