Agression, Nationalism and the World Wars

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Which two countries were particularly hard hit by the Depression?
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japan and germany
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How did the Communists win the civil war in Russia after World War I?
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leon trostsky and the red army
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The German attack at Stalingrad was important because
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turning point because it cut off fuel and supplies
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The slogan repeated in fascist Italy was
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II Duce is always right
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The war at sea in the years 1914-1918
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WWI, german subs against British fleet
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Before the twentieth century, what was the only nation in which women had the right to vote?
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new zeland
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Despite Gandhi’s wealthy background, he
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attracted poor followers
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Nationalism in Europe led Europeans to view war as
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a justifiable way to avenge the past
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The British invasion of southern Africa was driven by the ambitions of
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cecil rhodes
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the elements in the Treaty of Versailles that angered Germany?
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guilt clause, reparations, loss of land, limited military
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Women during World War I?
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worked in factories until after war
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Indian nationalists during World War I supported Britain enthusiastically and
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hoped to gain their independence
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The russian tsar abdicated
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his throne during March Revolution (March 15, 1917)
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free-trade imperialism in Latin America meant
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economic dependence on european powers
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Gandhi protested British violence and policies by
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nonviolent means, passive resistance
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during World War I, African Americans in the United States
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migrated in large numbers to the south, served in calvary
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Despite the Stalinist terror, Soviet women
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entered jobs and enjoyed freedoms they had never had before
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Until the 1870s, Africans ruled 90% of Africa, however within a decade
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europeans invaded and divided africa
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When Lenin died in 1924, the struggle for power of the Soviet Union resulted in the
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stalins coming to power
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After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following the First World War, the modern Turkish state
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instituted many progressive reforms, but tried to hold on to traditions
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the British wanted to expand to Southern Africa because of
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gold and diamonds
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In the early twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was referred to as the
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sick man of europe
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Joseph Stalin’s goal was to
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turn the USSR into an industrial nation
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The influenza epidemic of 1918, 1919
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killed 20 million people
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The new social sciences in the 1920s were unsettling because they
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challenged victorian morality, and middle class values
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a technological advance of the late nineteenth century was
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machine guns, qunine, breechloading rifle, smokless powder
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the ottoman Turks signed a secret alliance with
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germany hoping to gain russian territory
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a new and potent defensive weapon in World War I was
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machine gun
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Eventually, Japanese leaders realized that the war with China
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was a drain on Japanese resources
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The United States purchased the Philippines after the Spanish-American War in large part to
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to keep other colonial powers out
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The stock market crash of 1929 turned into
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the deepest most widespread depression in World History
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Lenin’s plan for Russia included
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land to peasants, get russia out of WWII, all power to soviets, turn factories to workers
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on December 7, 1941
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pearl habor
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The United States finally entered WWII
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alliances with great britian and france, pearl harbor
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Gandhi’s \”unusual\” political ideas included
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political ideas, passive resistance actions
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the prime motivation for the Japanese invasion of Southeast Asia was
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abundant oil and rubber production
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In the Soviet Union there was a post war economic recovery followed by
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growing inefficency that created shortages on goods and foods
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In 1947 India and Pakistan went to war over the
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the northwest state of Kashmire
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When Indians defied the British and developed a steel industry, it
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inspired national pride and desire for self-rule
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Hitler’s goal for Germany was
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repeal treaty of versile, territory for germans, get rid of jews, wanted poland so russia couldnt have it
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There was a small European population in Africa; however,
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made a a deep social impact
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scientific and technological innovations spurred by World War II included
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radar, antibiotics, nuclear weapons, sonar, aircraft carriers, fighter planes, jet engines, tanks, synthetic rubber
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The key to victory in the Pacific ocean was
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us aircraft carrier
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Hitlers popularity came in large part from the German peoples belief that
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economic well-being outweighed personal freedom
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nations became independent at the end of World War II primarily because of
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liberation of colonies
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as India prepared for independence, the most serious problem was the
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struggle between the Hindus and Muslims
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one of the most significant long-lasting consequences of World War II in the United States was the
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recruitment of women and minorities into the work force
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the Indian Civil Service was considered one of the most (blank) bureaucracies of all time.
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honest
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Nazis in the interest of \”racial purity,\” targeted which group of people?
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Jews, gipsy’s, Catholics, Armenians, homosexuals, poles, mentally challenged
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if the allies had agreed sooner to allow the Japanese to retain the emperor
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the war might have ended without the use of atomic bombs
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the main cause of environmental stress during WWII was
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economic development that sustained the fighting by stripping the resources
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name control mechanisms of Mussolini over the Italian people.
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crushed political oppositions, censorship, factories under government control, employees were subject to employers, and no more unions
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South African government used policies of racial segregation called
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apartheid
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Hitler’s \”master race\” reserved intense hatred for
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jews
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in the early years of World War II, the Soviet Union invaded which countries?
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poland and the baltic states
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World War II was most important for African independence movements because
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many africans served in allied armies and learned many liberal and military ideas
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before World War II, African nationalist movements were
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small and of little influence
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despite the fact that Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles
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neither Britain nor France tried to stop him
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the final defeat of Japan took longer than victory over Germany in large part because
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US had concentrated its efforts on germany
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Technological innovation after World War II
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increased political power, brought about industrial innovations, intensified environmental distruction, increased production, changed the way people worked, lived and played.
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in 1935 Mussolini invaded Ethiopia by taking advantage of democratic weakness.
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