AFL CIO Scholarship Test

question

1607
answer

English planters found Jamestown colony and complain about lack of laborers
question

1619
answer

Slaves from Africa first imported to colonies
question

1664
answer

First slavery codes begin trend of making African servants slaves for life
question

1676
answer

Bacon’s Rebellion of servants and slaves in Virginia
question

1677
answer

First recorded prosecution against strikers in New York City
question

1765
answer

Artisans and laborers in Sons of Liberty protest oppressive British taxes
question

1770
answer

British troops kill five dock workers in Boston Massacre
question

1773
answer

Laborers protest royal taxation in the Boston tea Party
question

1775
answer

American Revolution begins
question

1786
answer

Philadelphia printers conduct first successful strike for increased wages
question

1787
answer

Constitution adopted
question

1791
answer

First strike in building trades by Philadelphia carpenters for a 10-hour day bill of Rights adopted
question

1800
answer

Gabriel Prosser’s slave insurrection in Virginia
question

1805
answer

Philadelphia shoemakers found guilty of conspiracy
question

1808
answer

Slave importation prohibited
question

1834
answer

First turnout of \”mill girls\” in Lowell, Mass., to protect wage cuts
question

1835
answer

General strike for 10-hour day in Philadelphia
question

1842
answer

Commonwealth v. Hunt decision frees unions from some prosecutions
question

1843
answer

Lowell Female Labor Reform Association begins public petitioning for 10-hour day
question

1847
answer

New Hamsphire enacts first state 10-hour-day law
question

1848
answer

Seneca Falls women’s rights convention
question

1860
answer

Great shoemaker’s strike in New England
question

1861
answer

Abraham Lincoln takes office as president and Civil War begins
question

1863
answer

President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
question

1865
answer

13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishes slavery
question

1866
answer

National Labor Union founded
question

1867
answer

Congress begins reconstruction policy in former slave states
question

1869
answer

Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor and Colored National Labor Union formed
question

1870
answer

15th Amendment to the Constitution adopted; states the right to vote may not be abrogated by color
question

1877
answer

National uprising of railroad workers Ten Irish coal miners (\”Molly Maguires\”) hanged in Pennsylvania; nine more subsequently were hanged
question

1881
answer

Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions formed
question

1882
answer

First Labor Day parade in New York City
question

1885
answer

Successful strike by Knights of Labor on the Southwest (or Gould) System: the Missouri Pacific; the Missouri, Kansas and Texas; and the Wabash
question

1886
answer

American Federation of Labor founded
question

1887
answer

Seven \”anarchists\” charged with the bombing in Chicago’s Haymarket Square and sentenced to death
question

1890
answer

Carpenters President P.J. McGuire and the union strike and win the eight-hour day for some 28,000 members
question

1892
answer

Iron and steel workers union defeated in lockout at Homestead, Pa. Integreated general strike in New Orleans succeeds
question

1894
answer

Boycott of Pullman sleeping cars leads to general strike on railroads
question

1898
answer

Erdman Act prohibits discrimination against railroad workers because of union membership and provides for mediation of railway labor disputes
question

1900
answer

AFL and National Civic Federation promote trade agreements with employers U.S. Industrial Commission declares trade unions good for democracy.
question

1902
answer

Anthracite strike arbitrated after President Theodore Roosevelt intervenes
question

1903
answer

Women’s Trade Union League formed at AFL convention
question

1905
answer

Industrial Workers of the World founded
question

1908
answer

AFL endorses Democrat William Jennings Bryan for President
question

1909
answer

\”Uprising of the 20,000\” female shirtwaist makers in New York strike against sweatshop conditions Unorganized immigrant steel workers strike in McKees Rocks, Pa. And win all demand
question

1911
answer

Triangle Shirtwaist factory in fire in New York kills nearly 150 workers
question

1912
answer

Bread and Roses strike begun by immigrant women in Lawrence, Mass., ended with 23,000 men and women and children on strike and with as many as 20,000 on the picket line Bill creating Department of Labor passes at the end of congressional session
question

1913
answer

Woodrow Wilson takes office as president and appoints the first secretary of labor, William B. Wilson of the Mine Workers
question

1914
answer

Ludlow Massacre of 13 women and children and seven men in Colorado coal miners’ strike
question

1917
answer

United States enters World War I
question

1918
answer

Leadership of Industrial Workers of the World sentenced to federal prison oncharges of disloyalty to the United States
question

1919
answer

One of every five workers walked out in great strike wave, including national clothing coal and steel strikes; a general strike in Seattle; and a police strike in Boston International Labor Organization founded in France
question

1920
answer

19th Amendment to the Constitution gives women the right to vote
question

1924
answer

Samuel Gompers dies; William Green becomes new AFL president
question

1925
answer

A. Philip Randolph helps create the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
question

1926
answer

Railway Labor Act sets up procedures to settle railway labor disputes and forbids discrimination against union members
question

1929
answer

Stock market crashes as stocks fall 40 percent; Great Depression begins
question

1931
answer

Davis-Bacon Act provides for prevailing wages on publicly funded construction projects
question

1932
answer

Norris-LaGuardia Act prohibits federal injunctions in most labor disputes
question

1933
answer

President Franklin Roosevelt proposes New Deal programs to Congress
question

1934
answer

Upsurge in strikes, including national textile strike, which fails
question

1935
answer

National Labor Relations Act and Social Security Act passed Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) formed within AFL
question

1936
answer

AFL and CIO create labor’s Non-Partisan League and help President Roosevelt win re-election to a second term
question

1937
answer

Auto Workers win sit-down strike against General Motors in Flint, Mich. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters wins contract with Pullman Co.
question

1938
answer

Fair Labor Standards Act establishes first minimum wage and 40-hour week Congress of industrial Organizations forms as an independent federation
question

1940
answer

John L. Lewis resigns and Philip Murray becomes CIO president
question

1941
answer

A. Philip Randolph threatens march on Washington to pretest racial discimination in defense jobs
question

1941
answer

U.S. troops enter combat in World Wal II National War Labor Board created with union members
question

1943
answer

CIO forms first political action committee to get out the union vote for President Roosevelt
question

1946
answer

Largest strike wave in U.S. history
question

1947
answer

Taft-Hartley Act restricts union members’ activities
question

1949
answer

First two of 11 unions with Communist leaders are purged from CIO
question

1952
answer

William Green and Philip Murray die; George Meany and Walter Reuther become presidents of AFL and CIO, respectively
question

1955
answer

AFL and CIO merge; George Meany becomes president
question

1957
answer

AFL-CIO expels two affiliates for corruption
question

1959
answer

Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (Landrum-Griffin) passed
question

1962
answer

President John Kennedy’s order gives federal workers the right to bargain
question

1963
answer

March on Washington for jobs and Justice Equal Pay Act bans wage discrimination based on gender
question

1964
answer

Civil Rights Act bans institutional forms of racial discrimination
question

1965
answer

AFL-CIO forms A. Philip Randolph Institute César Chávez forms AFL-CIO United Farm Workers Organizing Committee
question

1968
answer

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., during sanitation workers’ strike
question

1970
answer

Occupational Safety and Health Act passed
question

1972
answer

Coalition of Black Trade Unionists formed
question

1973
answer

Labor Council for Latin American Advancement founded
question

1974
answer

Coalition of Labor Union Women founded
question

1979
answer

Lane Kirkland elected president of AFL-CIO
question

1981
answer

President Reagan breaks air traffic controllers’s strike AFL-CIO rallies 400,000 in Washington on Solidarity Day
question

1989
answer

Organizing Institute created
question

1990
answer

United Mine Workers of America win strike against Pittston Coal United Steelworkers of America labor Alliance created within the AFL-CIO
question

1992
answer

Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance created within AFL-CIO
question

1995
answer

Thomas Donahue replaces Lane Kirkland as interim had of AFL-CIO (BULLEG) John Sweeney president of AFL-CIO
question

1997
answer

AFL-CIO defeats legislation giving the president the ability to \”Fast Track’ trade legislation without assured protection of workers’ rights and the environment
question

1997
answer

Pride at Work, a national coalition of lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender workers and their supporters, becomes an AFL-CIO constituency group AFL-CIO membership renewed growth
question

1999
answer

More than 75,000 human service workers are unionized in Los Angeles County 30,000 to 50,000 working family activists take to Seattle streets to tell the World Trade Organization and its allies, \”If the Global Economy Doesn’t Work for Working Families, It Doesn’t Work\” 5,000 North Carolina textile workers gain a union after a 25-year struggle 65,000 Puerto Rico public-sector workers join unions Broad Campaign for Global Fairness pushes for economic and social justice worldwide Union movement organizes biggest program of grassroots electoral politics ever

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member