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Active Lifestyle Exam 3

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Exercise decreases stress levels by:
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deliberately diverting stress to various body systems, metabolizing excess catecholamines, diminishing muscular tension, and stimulating alpha-wave activity in the brain.
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As eustress increases:
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health and performance improve.
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Meditation requires:
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about 15 minutes each session.
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Greater risk for disease has been found for Type ____ individuals.
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A
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Suggestions to release anger include:
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see the anger source as a minor irritation.
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According to the GAS, exhaustion from stress occurs when:
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body resources are insufficient.
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Healthy and successful people most often attribute success to:
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smart work.
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Hans Selye explained stress as:
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a nonspecific response.
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During the alarm reaction stage of the general adaptation syndrome:
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many body systems are activated.
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As a stress management technique, exercise increases:
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self-discipline.
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Progressive muscle relaxation should be done:
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paying attention to contraction intensity.
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Positive stress is also referred to as:
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eustress.
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If a stressor cannot be removed, the next best coping strategy is to use ____ techniques.
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both time management and relaxation
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Visual imagery:
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improves circulation and increases delivery of antibodies.
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Effective time managers
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protect against boredom, learn to say ‘NO”, set aside “overtimes”, delegate
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Breathing exercises to reduce stress do not include:
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rapid breathing.
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The purpose of meditation is not to:
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concentrate on the time left in the session.
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Not considered a common time killer is:
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working.
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During progressive muscle relaxation, muscles should be tightened about ____% maximally.
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70
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Being laid-back and easy-going are descriptors of Type ____ individuals.
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B
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When stress levels reach mental, emotional, and physiological limits:
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diseases may develop.
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Time management skills do not include:
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eliminating the chance of “overtimes.”
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Stress vulnerability is not:
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increased as people integrate into society.
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The focus with breathing exercises is to:
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“breathe away” the tension.
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Hormonal changes that occur during a stress response
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increase blood pressure
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The stress response does not occur unless the:
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individual perceives a stressor.
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Ways to change Type A personality include:
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learn to treasure unplanned surprises.
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Being overly aggressive and sometimes hostile are descriptors of Type ____ individuals.
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A
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Carcinoma in situ is a critical turning point for cancer because it is when:
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a tumor reaches about 1 million cells.
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People with AIDS are uniquely more susceptible to ____ diseases.
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opportunistic
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Which of the following is not a risk factor of coronary heart disease?
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physical activity
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Alcohol intake stimulates:
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risk-taking.
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Homocysteine is:
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reduced by folate.
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About 80% of people who died with AIDS were in this age group:
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25 to 49 years old.
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Nearly ____% of the 1 million basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers each year in the United States could have been prevented using sun protection.
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90
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Metabolic syndrome:
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results in low HDL-cholesterol
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The average life expectancy for a chronic smoker is ____ years less than for a nonsmoker.
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15
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Resting blood cholesterol can be raised by:
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consuming hydrogenated vegetable oils.
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A person who exercises and exhibits good lifestyle choices will:
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decrease their physiological age.
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An increased risk for CHD has been established in people with low levels of:
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HDL-cholesterol.
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AIDS is thought to be:
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the end result of HIV infection.
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Cancer results from:
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cell division problems.
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Cocaine abuse is not associated with increased risk for:
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hypotension.
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About 95% of successful ex-smokers have:
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quit on their own by quitting cold turkey or using self-help kits.
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A sunburn you get in 1 hour without SPF 30 sunscreen lotion will occur in ____ hours with the lotion.
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30
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Methamphetamine effects include:
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violent behavior.
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The most widely used illegal drug in the United States is:
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marijuana.
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C-reactive protein is not:
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increased with statin drugs.
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Diabetes mellitus is:
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associated with obesity.
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Common among alcoholics is:
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brain dysfunction.
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Marijuana effects include:
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atrophy of the brain.
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Tobacco use is responsible for an estimated ____% of lung cancer reported.
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87
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An abnormal cholesterol profile contributes directly to:
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atherosclerosis.
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HIV is not thought to be transmitted by ____ of the infected person.
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perspiration
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Of all of the deaths in the U.S., ____% are caused by cardiovascular disease and cancer, and ____ could be prevented by following a healthy lifestyle.
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55; 80
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Regular strength training among the elderly has been shown to:
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result in 200% strength improvement.
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The best treatment for exercise-related injuries is:
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prevention.
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For individuals with or at risk for coronary heart disease, data suggest that more than ____ calories per week may have to be expended to improve cardiorespiratory fitness.
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1,400
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Exercising in the cold may present the problem of:
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hypothermia.
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Muscle cramps can be caused by:
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low electrolyte levels.
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The recommendations for apparently healthy pregnant women state that they should not:
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do weight-bearing exercises.
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Older individuals whose lifestyles have allowed them to care for themselves have maintained their ____ throughout life.
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functional fitness
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Delayed-onset muscle soreness is not thought to be related to:
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muscle fatigue.
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Heat exhaustion is:
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characterized by clammy skin.
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In the heat, 6-8 ounces of fluids should be consumed every ____ minutes.
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15-20
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The older adult can use exercise to:
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improve maximal oxygen uptake similar to that of younger adults.
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On average, men are stronger than women because:
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men have more muscle mass, men have a greater capacity for muscle hypertrophy, men have wider shoulders and longer extremities, men have 10% greater bone width.
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Health club memberships are:
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capable of providing opportunities to exercise in a safe environment
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Osteoporosis is:
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capable of beginning in a female’s 20s, most prevalent in women, higher in people who were calcium deficient at a young age, linked to heavy drinking and smoking.
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Heat stroke:
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can result in death without help.
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Personal trainers:
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are currently in high demand, are typically paid hourly, should hold a college degree in an exercise-related field, can help individuals start a safe and effective exercise program.
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You should not exercise if you have a:
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hacking cough.
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If swelling or inflammation is not increasing, heat therapy is usually begun after ____ hours.
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36-48
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A bad time to exercise is:
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during a hot and humid day.
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Exercise does not:
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increase baby delivery time.
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How quickly will a person lose 4 weeks of cardiovascular benefits if they stop training?
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within a couple of weeks
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How long should a person wait to exercise after eating a meal?
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2 hours
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Which of the following is not a conscious promotion of unproven claims for profit?
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a credible internet site
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Individuals considering joining a health/fitness club should:
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investigate the kind of equipment in the facility.