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Abnormal: Treatments of Mood Disorders

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Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT):
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A treatment for unipolar depression that is based on the belief that clarifying and changing one’s interpersonal problems will help lead to recovery.
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Couple therapy:
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A therapy format in which the therapist works with two people who share a long-term relationship
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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT):
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A form of treatment, used primarily in cases of unipolar depression, in which electrodes attached to a person’s head send an electric current through the brain, causing a brain seizure.
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MAO inhibitor:
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An antidepressant drug that prevents the action of the enzyme monoamine oxidase.
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Tricyclic:
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An antidepressant drug, such as imipramine, that has three rings in its molecular structure.
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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
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A group of second-generation antidepressant drugs that increase serotonin activity specifically without affecting other neurotransmitters.
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Vagus nerve stimulation:
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A treatment procedure for depression in which an implanted pulse generator sends regular electrical signals to a person’s vagus nerve; the nerve, in turn, stimulates the brain.
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Deep brain stimulation:
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A treatment procedure for depression in which a pacemaker powers electrodes that have been implanted in Brodmann Area 25, thus stimulating that brain area.
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Lithium:
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A metallic element that occurs in nature as a mineral salt and is a highly effective treatment for bipolar disorders.
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Mood stabilizing drugs:
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Psychotropic drugs that help stabilize the moods of people suffering from a bipolar mood disorder.
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Second messengers:
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chemical changes within a neuron just after the neuron receives a neurotransmitter message and just before it responds.
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In treating her depressed clients, Dr. Tokarz tries to add positive activities to their lives to increase their moods. This method is sometimes called _____.
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behavioral activation
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Dr. Savio treats her bipolar patients with lithium, a silvery-white mineral, as well as other _____ drugs.
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antibipolar
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Dr. Dandona uses the _____ approach: he rewards his clients’ constructive behaviors and ignores their depressive behaviors.
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contingency management
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_____ psychotherapy is a treatment for unipolar depression that is based on the belief that clarifying and changing one’s interpersonal problems will help with and lead to recovery.
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Interpersonal
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_____ were discovered accidentally as researchers were looking for a new schizophrenia compound.
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Tricyclics
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Lithium
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_____ was a watershed medication for bipolar disorder when it was approved by the FDA in 1970.
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After 6 to 12 ECT treatments, spaced over _____ weeks, most patients feel less depressed.
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two to four
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People who take _____ may experience a dangerous rise in blood pressure if they eat foods containing the chemical tyramine.
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MAO inhibitors
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Which statement is FALSE regarding psychodynamic therapy and unipolar depression?
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Long-term psychodynamic therapy is very helpful in treating unipolar depression.
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The brain seizure caused by ECT lasts from _____ seconds to a few minutes.
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25
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More than _____ percent of patients with bipolar disorder improve through the use of mood stabilizing drugs.
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60
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_____ stimulation is a non-invasive technique that involves stimulating the brain without subjecting depressed individuals to the undesired effects or trauma of ECT.
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Transcranial magnetic
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Cognitive therapy follows four phases and usually requires fewer than _____ sessions.
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20