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Abnormal Psychology Quiz 3 Essay

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A patient’s initial reaction to being told she has an STI is to insist that the nurse made a mistake with the test. The defense mechanism that BEST explains this behavior is:
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denial
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Which phrase would one be MOST likely to hear in a self-help group?
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“Try this. It worked for me.”
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Regarding the finding that there are more seriously disturbed people among those who are poor, a multicultural theorist would focus on the way in which:
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poverty is a stressor that contributes to dysfunction
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Multicultural theorists would explain the higher levels of mental illness among poor people as MOST likely due to:
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social factors leading to stress
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Which would be MOST likely to use skillful frustration as a part of therapy?
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Fritz Perls
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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used MOST often in the treatment of:
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depression
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What is libido?
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the sexual energy of the id
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Humanists would say that an individual who cares about others, is spontaneous, courageous, and independent is:
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self-actualizing
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The so-called new wave of cognitive therapy differs from traditional cognitive therapy is that it emphasizes:
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accepting problematic thoughts
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Research on the relationship between religious beliefs and psychological health shows that people:
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who are devout and see God as caring and helpful are the healthiest
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According to psychoanalysis, which statement is true of psychological conflicts?
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they are tied to experiences early in life
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Critics of the evolutionary perspective of abnormal behavior cite all of the following EXCEPT:
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the perspective is overly precise
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Barney’s mother is taking cookies out of the oven. Which statement would suggest most strongly that the id is firmly in control of Barney’s behavior?
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Barney grabs some of the cookies and runs
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Depression has been linked to which neurotransmitter abnormality?
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low activity of serotonin
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Providing treatment as soon as it is needed so problems that are moderate or worse do not become long-term is called:
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tertiary prevention
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The model of abnormality that focuses on the role of values and choices in behavior is the:
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humanistic-existential model
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Theory focused on learned responses to the environment is usually described as:
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behavioral
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Which statement about couple’s therapy is MOST accurate?
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there is no one theoretical approach used in couple’s therapy
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The model of abnormality that focuses on unconscious internal processes and conflicts in behavior is the:
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psychodynamic model
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The model of abnormality that examines the effects of society and culture is the:
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sociocultural model
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That many people with severe disturbances are not being treated appropriately is MOST often a problem with which level of prevention?
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tertiary
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“Humans are born with freedom yet do not ‘naturally’ strive to reach their full growth potential.” The psychologist who would MOST closely agree with this statement would be:
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existential
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Imagine that you subscribe to the sociocultural model of abnormality. Which would be a part of your paradigm?
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the family-social perspective
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According to family systems theory, families that show “disengagement” are characterized by:
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rigid boundaries between family members
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If a patient chose a dynamic focus for therapy, the patient would MOST likely be receiving:
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short-term psychodynamic therapy
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Which of the following dreams is MOST common?
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being chased or pursued
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Animals and humans learn without reinforcement. They learn just by watching. This form of learning is called:
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modeling
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A therapist who believes people often hide from their responsibilities, and therefore often feel alienated, depressed, and inauthentic, empty, would MOST likely be:
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existential
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A client in a totally relaxed state vividly imagines formerly anxiety-arousing situations without feeling any lingering anxiety. MOST likely, that client has just completed what type of therapy?
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systematic desensitization
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David Rosenhan sent “pseudopatients” to a mental hospital, where they pretended to be disturbed. The results led him to conclude that ________ greatly impacts mental illness.
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labeling
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A therapist listens carefully to a client’s words and then attempts to show accurate empathy and genuineness. The hope is that the client will self-examine with acceptance and honesty. MOST likely, the therapist is:
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humanistic
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What we would call “conscience” is MOST like what Freud would call the:
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superego
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Infants tend to do things that feel good. This is in accord with what Freud called:
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the pleasure principle
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You blame your poor performance on a test that you didn’t study for on all the other work you had to do. The defense mechanism that BEST explains your behavior is:
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rationalization
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When a young child yells and throws toys (temper tantrum) the parents give the child a good deal of attention. As time goes on, the temper tantrums become more and more common. A behavioral psychologist would say that the temper tantrums result from:
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operant conditioning
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Today, _________ clinical psychology is the MOST popular theoretical orientation among professional psychologists.
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cognitive
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A child is bitten by a vicious dog in front of a park. The child is later very afraid of the park. According to classical conditioning, that park is a:
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conditioned stimulus
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Which statement is NOT an appropriate criticism of the sociocultural model?
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Cultural factors might create a climate favorable for the development of certain disorders
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“That’s all right. You are doing your best, don’t worry. I am here for you.” A therapist who would say this as a primary part of the therapy process would MOST probably be following the ________ tradition.
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humanistic
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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used MOST often in the treatment of:
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depression