Please enter something

Abnormal Psychology Exam 1 Retake

question

The symptoms and signs of mental illness are known as
answer

C. psychopathology
question

The point of view of this textbook is that
answer

C. it is likely that everyone will be touched by the problems associated with mental illness at some point in their life
question

Which is the best description of abnormal psychology?
answer

D. application of psychological science to the study of mental disorders
question

The case of Kevin Warner was presented in the text as an example of the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Which of Kevin’s symptoms strongly suggested that he had lost touch with reality, which is the defining feature of schizophrenia?
answer

D. belief that people were poisoning him
question

Determining the presence of disorder is based on several criteria, including
answer

A. the duration of a person’s symptoms
question

In what terms are mental disorders defined?
answer

B. persistent maladaptive behaviors
question

Nate is a clinical psychologist and is trying to determine if Jennifer has schizophrenia. In what way will he make this determination?
answer

D. making observations of Jennifer’s behavior and her descriptions of personal experience
question

A problem with defining abnormal behavior in terms of deviation from statistical norms is that this definition
answer

C. does not specify how unusual the behavior must be to be considered abnormal
question

In the term “harmful dysfunction”, the word “dysfunction” refers to
answer

C. a disruption of thought, feeling, or perception
question

What problem in defining abnormal behavior is evident in the case of Kevin Warner described in the text?
answer

D. some people do not perceive their abnormal behavior as personally stressful
question

The DSM definition of mental disorder excludes which of the following?
answer

B. beliefs and actions hared by a religious group
question

Culture is defined in terms of the
answer

C. values, beliefs, and practices shared by a specific group of people
question

Olivia grew up in a society where mourners pull out their hair, go into an emotional frenzy, and speak in tongues. On a visit to the US, she did these things in public when she heard that a relative had died. According to DSM-5, her behavior would be considered
answer

B. not psychopathological, because it is part of her culture
question

What is the history of the “diagnosis” homosexuality in the DSM?
answer

D. homosexuality was a diagnosis in the first two editions of the DSM, taken out for the third edition, and has never been reintroduced
question

In addition to incidence, what other term is particularly important in epidemiological research?
answer

C. prevalence
question

What two factors are combined to measure disease burden?
answer

A. mortality and disability
question

Which of the following can be concluded from cross-cultural studies?
answer

A. all mental disorders are shaped, to some extent, by cultural factors
question

George completed 5 years of graduate school that led to a Psy.D degree. He is now completing a one-year internship at a mental health clinic. What type of mental health professional is George?
answer

D. clinical psychologist
question

Which of the following is one of the bodily fluids that Hippocrates included in his explanation of abnormal behavior?
answer

C. yellow bile
question

The etiology of a problem behavior is its
answer

A. cause
question

Which term is used for a set of shared assumptions that includes both the substance of a theory and beliefs about how scientists should collect data and test a theory?
answer

B. paradigm
question

Most forms of abnormal behavior are thought to be caused by
answer

D. multiple factors
question

What approach do the authors use when considering the etiology of various mental disorders?
answer

D. biopsychosocial
question

The search for explanations of the etiology of abnormal behavior dates to ancient times. It was not until the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that three major advances occurred: the work of Sigmund Freud, the discover of general paresis, and the
answer

D. development of academic psychology
question

the discover of the etiology of which disorder was an important scientific advance for the biological paradigm?
answer

A. general paresis
question

Confirming a specific biological cause of general paresis was greatly aided by eventually discovering that
answer

A. all such patients had a history of syphilis
question

Both Jean Charcot and Sigmund Freud focused on a disorder called hysteria. Which of the following patients is most likely to have received this diagnosis from these two well-known clinicians
answer

C. Laura, whose “blindness” has no organic explanation
question

The cognitive-behavioral paradigm views ____________ as the product of learning
answer

D. abnormal behavior
question

Which paradigm views human nature as basically good, attributes abnormal behavior to frustrations of society, and uses nondirective therapy to treat abnormal behavior?
answer

B. humanistic
question

What is the purpose of the enigma written by lord Byron that was included in the text?
answer

C. to reveal how paradigms can either help or hinder our search for answers
question

The paradigms presented in your text make assumptions about the causes of abnormal behavior that can be too
answer

B. narrow
question

Assume that variables X and Y are significantly correlated; the third variable problem means that
answer

A. the correlation could be explained by their joint relation with some other factor
question

What term is used to describe the pattern of behavior that is apparent before a disorder develops?
answer

A. premorbid history
question

You are watching a movie about a mental hospital. In one scene, two mental health professionals are talking about a patient. One of them asks about the patient’s prognosis. The response to this question will deal with the patient’s
answer

B. predicted course
question

What are the four major anatomic components of a neuron?
answer

B. soma, dendrite, axon, and axon terminal
question

In twin studies the key comparison involves determining how many pairs of twins either have the same disorder or are free of the disorder; this involves the calculation of
answer

B. concordance rates
question

In addition to conscientousness and extraversion, what is one of the “big five” dimensions of temperament?
answer

A. aggressiveness
question

Most mental health professionals today identify themselves with
answer

D. no single paradigm
question

A clinician who uses research to select the most effective form of treatment is practicing __________ psychotherapy
answer

C. evidence-based
question

What is the primary goal of psychodynamic therapy as presented in the case of Francs in the textbook?
answer

A. gaining insight into unconscious motivations
question

What is a cognitive-behavior therapist likely to do in treating Frances, whose battle with depression was described in the text?
answer

A. be very directive in getting her to look at her distorted thinking
question

Which form of treatment for certain mental disorders produces retrograde amnesia?
answer

C. electroconvulsive therapy
question

A medical records clerk was reviewing patient files when he came across one that had the name of a procedure he did not recognize: cingulotomy. When he looked up the procedure he found that it is a surgical procedure used in which the diagnosis is
answer

C. obsessive-compulsive disorder
question

You are reading a case study of a patient who has been prescribed the following: Haldol, Clozaril, and Thorazine. You recognize these drugs as belonging to the category called
answer

C. antipsychotic
question

Free association refers to
answer

C. talking freely about whatever thoughts cross the mind
question

According to Freudian psychoanalysis it is sufficient to cure mental illness if the therapist were to
answer

B. bring unconscious material into conscious awareness
question

Systematic desensitization is based on the principles of
answer

B. classical conditioning
question

You are asked to compare Ellis’s rational-emotive therapy (RET) and Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy. After comparing the two you note that one difference is that the therapist in RET is likely to
answer

C. directly challenge the rationality of the client’s beliefs
question

Client-centered therapy is closely associated with the concept of
answer

A. empathy
question

In client-centered therapy the bond between therapist and client that is seen as central to the process of therapy is know as the
answer

D. therapeutic alliance
question

Which of these is an example of a placebo in medicine?
answer

B. a pill with inactive ingredients
question

What factor best predicts when treatment is more or less likely to be effective?
answer

C. the nature of the client’s problems
question

What is a common goal in systems approaches to family therapy?
answer

B. to strengthen the alliance between parents
question

What is a widely held view among current theorists of family therapy?
answer

B. Altering family functioning can improve the mental health of family members
question

The authors of your text express their strong belief that the choice of treatment should
answer

B. be determined by the client’s problems
question

Which is a treatment for borderline personality disorder that includes an emphasis on “mindfulness,” an increased awareness of your feelings, thoughts, and motivations?
answer

A. dialectical behavior therapy
question

A psychologist conducts an interview and administers several psychological tests in order to evaluate the nature of a person’s problem and to formulate a treatment plan. What term is used to describe this process?
answer

B. assessment
question

In the case of Michael presented in your text, which of thse is one of the keys that should lead a mental health professiona to suspect that Michael suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder?
answer

A. Michael’s symptoms fall into a recognized pattern
question

A classification system that focuses on how much of a given characteristic an individual exhibits is called
answer

D. dimensional
question

One advantage of a dimensional system of classification is that it allows scientists to
answer

C. record subtle distinctions