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Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3 Flash Cards

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In science, the perspectives used to explain phenomena are known as:
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paradigms.
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The model of abnormality that cites physical processes as being the key to behavior is the:
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biological model.
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The model of abnormality that examines the effects of society and culture is the:
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sociocultural model.
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The model of abnormality that focuses on unconscious internal processes and conflicts in behavior is the:
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psychodynamic model.
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“Understanding a person’s unconscious processes is critical in explaining abnormality.” Which model of abnormality does this quote most closely represent?
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psychodynamic.
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The model of abnormality that focuses on learning is the:
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behavioral model.
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The model of abnormality that concentrates on thinking is the:
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cognitive model.
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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used most often in the treatment of:
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depression.
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According to Freud’s psychodynamic theory, ineffective interaction of the id, ego, and superego can lead to entrapment at a developmental level. This is called:
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fixation.
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A general term used for theories such as Freud’s, Adler’s, and Jung’s is:
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psychodynamic.
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According to psychoanalytic theory, which of the following is true regarding dreams?
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They reflect our unconscious desires and needs.
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According to Freud, another term for the symbolic meaning of dreams is:
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latent content.
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Evidence that supports the effectiveness of psychodynamic therapies has come from:
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individual case studies.
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Systematic desensitization has been shown to be especially effective in the treatment of:
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phobias.
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According to ______, the self-actualization motive plays an important part in human functioning.
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humanists.
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The term for the form of psychotherapy pioneered by Carl Rogers is:
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client-centered.
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Gestalt therapy is similar to mindfulness techniques in its emphasis on:
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focusing on the here and now.
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The model of abnormality that pays particular attention to a client’s family structure, societal norms, and a client’s roles in society is:
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sociocultural.
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Multicultural theorists would explain the higher levels of mental illness among poor people as most likely due to:
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social factors leading to stress.
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A feminist therapist would most likely focus on:
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how prejudice and discrimination impact women.