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Abeka English Lit. Unit 4 (teacher made test)

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the Puritans
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believed that Christians should live a pure and holy life. Also thought that the leaders of the Anglican church had not gone far enough in their reformation and that the church should be farther purified of Roman Catholic influences
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John Milton
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the greatest poet of the time and the second greatest writer in English Literature; produced England’s greatest epic
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Paradise Lost
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England’s greatest epic
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John Bunyan
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the greatest prose writer of the age; produced England’s greatest allegory
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Pilgrim’s Progress
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England’s greatest allegory
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Cavalier poets
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nonchalant, into love and romance poets
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Metaphysical poets
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into nature; concerned about existence of life
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Cavalier poets
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lyricists of lighter vein who emphasized the pleasures of this world and wrote love songs to or about women
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Metaphysical poets
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interested in the things of the mind, the soul, and eternity
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John Donne
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leader of the metaphysical poets
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John Donne, George Herbert, Richard Crashaw, Henry Vaughn, Thomas Traherne
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followed John Donne; known for fusing passionate feeling and logical argument and using rich imagery and conceits to express spiritual truths
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Conceits
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unusual comparisons
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Dealt with a variety of subjects, particularly argument and controversy in government, philosophical and religious subjects, history and biography, and love of nature
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the prose of The Age of the Puritans
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Cavalier Poets
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wrote graceful, polished, light-hearted poems centered in their contemporary world
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Richard Lovelace, Sir John Suckling
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cavalier poets- courtiers
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Robert Herrick
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the clergyman
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George Wither, Edmund Waller
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Cavalier poets who later became Puritans
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George Wither
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The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet
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Robert Herrick
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wrote nearly 1,300 poems which show the most variety and greatest lyrical quality of all the Cavalier writings
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Sir John Suckling
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The Constant Lover
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Edmund Waller
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one of the most popular lyric poets of his time; greatest contribution was the couplet
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Couplet
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a complete thought is expressed in two rhyming lines
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Richard Lovelace
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a dashing Cavalier poet and enthusiastic Royalist supporter; imprisoned when the Puritans came into power; during imprisonment he wrote the lyric “To Althea, from Prison.”
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Metaphysical poets
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expressed devotional themes and emphasized the complexities and contradictions of life in their poetry
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John Donne, George Herbert, Thomas Traherne
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the best-known Metaphysical poets
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John Donne
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the first and greatest of the Metaphysical poets; one of the most influential preachers in England
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Metaphysical Conceit
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points out an unusual parallel between highly dissimilar elements
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George Herbert
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one of the most important of the Metaphysical poets, was known for his saintly life and intense devotion to God
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Henry Vaughan
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a Welsh physician, greatly admired George Herbert and imitated him; combines a love of nature with mysticism
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Thomas Traherne
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an English metaphysical poet who studied at Oxford and became an Anglican clergyman. “Wonder” is typical of his poetry which shows his idyllic reflections of spiritual childhood
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Richard Crashaw
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the son of a Puritan preacher and poet, was greatly influenced by George Herbert
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Thomas Ken
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an Anglican bishop hymn writer, and royal chaplain to Charles II
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Paradise Lost
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the greatest epic in English literature; “attempt to justify the ways of God to men”; answers “Why does evil exist in our world?”; blind author; dictated no more than 40 lines per sitting
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John Milton
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the blind author of Paradise Lost; ranks as the greatest English poet; certainly the most outstanding poet of the 17th Century; lived at father’s estate for 10 years; wrote “Lycidas”
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Lycidas
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England’s greatest pastoral elegy
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Andrew Marvell
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served as Milton’s assistant when Milton was the Latin secretary of the Commonwealth; wrote satiric poetry; wrote On Paradise Lost