5.3 – 5.5 Study Guide: Regulation of Cell Cycle | Asexual Reproduction | Multicellular Life

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Apoptosis
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What is the term for the programmed death of cells?
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Cancer
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Common name for a class of disease characterized by UNCONTROLLED CELL DIVISION
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Carcinogens
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Substances know to produce/promote cancer
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Binary Fission
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Asexual reproduction of a single-celled organism by division into two roughly equal parts | Most common form of reproduction among PROKARYOTES
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Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System
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Levels of Organization of Organisms (CTOOS)
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Cell Differentiation
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Process by which unspecialized cells develop into mature forms and functions
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Stem Cells
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Unique type of body cell, Important to multi cellular organism because of their CAPACITY TO DIFFERENTIATE
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Totipotent
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Type of cell that can grow into any cell type
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Pluripotent
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Type of cell that can grow into any cell type EXCEPT totipotent stem cells
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Multipotent
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Type of cell that can grow into cells of a closely related family
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True
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True or False: Asexual reproduction produces genetically identical offspring.
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Adult, Embryonic
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Stem cells are also classified by their origin, either as ______ or ________
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Asexual Reproduction
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Creation of offspring from a single parent, does NOT involve the joining of GAMETES
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Growth Factors
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Broad group of proteins that STIMULATE cell division
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Benign
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Tumor may be relatively HARMLESS, and can be cured by removing it, B for Sleeping Beauty (GOOD)
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Malignant
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Tumor that can spread due to some of the cancer cells that break away, M for Maleficent (BAD)

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