2,2,4-Trimethylpentane C8H18 structure

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C8H18 structure
Molecular Formula C8H18
Average mass 114.229 Da
Density 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 98.8±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point -7.8±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 39.0±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 15.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 20.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 161.0±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -107 °C Alfa Aesar
      -107 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -107 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 1103, 13463, 15121
      -107.3 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 19616
      -107 °C Alfa Aesar A19756, 31787, 41904, 22901
      -107 °C Oakwood
      [005420]
      -107 °C LabNetwork LN00163190
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      98-99 °C Alfa Aesar
      98 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      98-99 °C Alfa Aesar A19756, 31787, 41904, 22901
      98-99 °C Oakwood
      [005420]
      98-99 °C LabNetwork LN00163190
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      -7 °C Alfa Aesar
      -7 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -7 °C Alfa Aesar
      -7 °F (-21.6667 °C)
      Alfa Aesar A19756, 31787, 41904, 22901
      -7 °C Oakwood
      [005420]
      18 °C LabNetwork LN00163190
    • Experimental Gravity:

      20 g/mL Merck Millipore 3665
      20 g/l Merck Millipore 3665, 821627
      0.692 g/mL Alfa Aesar A19756, 31787, 41904, 22901
      0.692 g/mL Oakwood
      [005420]
    • Experimental Refraction Index:

      1.391 Alfa Aesar A19756, 41904, 31787, 22901
    • Experimental Solubility:

      Soluble in benzene, toluene, xylene, chloroform, ether, CS2, CCl4, and DMF Alfa Aesar 31787
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
    • Predicted Melting Point:

      -107 °C J&K Scientific 152855
      107 °C J&K Scientific 968171, 919707
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents,reducing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-38-50/53-65-67 Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      3 Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      9-16-29-33-60-61-62 Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      Danger Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      Danger Biosynth W-109087
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, causes narcosis, irritation Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      GHS02; GHS07; GHS08; GHS09 Biosynth W-109087
      H225; H304; H315; H336; H410 Biosynth W-109087
      H225-H304-H400-H410-H315-H336 Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      P210; P261; P273; P301+P310; P331; P501 Biosynth W-109087
      P210-P261-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar 22901, 31787, 41904, A19756
      Safety glasses, good ventilation, keep away from sourcesof ignition. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

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      668 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_229172, replib_63142, replib_1736, replib_107522
      689.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 10 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      689.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      691.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      692.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 0 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      694 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 8, 1970, 95-102., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 81, 2005, 184-190., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      693 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Fernandez-Sanchez, E.; Garcia-Dominguez, J.A.; Garcia-Munoz, J.; Menendez, V.; Molera, M.J., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices on binary mixed stationary phases, An. Quim., 83, 1987, 56-58., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: PMS-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Arutyunov, Y.I.; Kudryashov, S.Y.; Onuchak, L.A., Analysis of Mixtures Containing Unknown Components by Gas Chromatography: Determination of Molecular Mass, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 59(4), 2004, 358-365, In original 403-411., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Papazova, D., Calculation of retention indices of isoparaffins on different phases, Chromatographia, 12(7), 1979, 443-447.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Malyukova, I.V.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryaeva, V.E.; Khotimskii, V.S., Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propine] as chromatographic adsorbent and prospects of its application in packed and capillary columns, J. Chromatogr. A, 960, 2002, 151-158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      688.44 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=;5C/min=;50C(48min)=;1.5C/min=;195C(91min); CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      697.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 38(2), 1994, 108-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      703.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 38(2), 1994, 108-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      689 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40 C for 12 min; -40 – 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 – 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 639, 1993, 239-253., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 21, 1968, 1125-1141., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. ; Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      691 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Untreated celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 1-3., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Triacontane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; D’Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 175, 1979, 27-35., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 1999, 495-506., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 55 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stoyanov, E.; Dimov, N., Precalculation of the optimum column temperature for gas chromatographic separation of petroleum fractions, Anal. Chim. Acta., 201, 1987, 207-216., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stoyanov, E.; Dimov, N., Precalculation of the optimum column temperature for gas chromatographic separation of petroleum fractions, Anal. Chim. Acta., 201, 1987, 207-216., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Maurer, T.; Schiefke, A., Investigation of isomeric hydrocarbons by gas-solid chromatography on graphitized thermal carbon black, Pure & Appl. Chem., 61(11), 1989, 2001-2004., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 11, 1988, 649-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      695 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 1-10., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      688 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 68 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l’indice de retention d’alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 35-40., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 45 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stoyanov, E.; Dimov, N., Precalculation of the optimum column temperature for gas chromatographic separation of petroleum fractions, Anal. Chim. Acta., 201, 1987, 207-216., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 52.5 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Stoyanov, E.; Dimov, N., Precalculation of the optimum column temperature for gas chromatographic separation of petroleum fractions, Anal. Chim. Acta., 201, 1987, 207-216., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Column length: 55 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.9 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 91.4 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: SF-96; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 15(10), 1982, 625-630., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 540841; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6(10), 1983, 577-580.) NIST Spectra nist ri