10th grade English 2 Poetry

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Alliteration
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Repetition of constant sounds within a line or lines of poetry Ex: Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers
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Onomatopoeia
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The meaning of the word is apparent from the sound of the word Example: Buzz, Whack, Bam
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Hyperbole
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Overstatement; saying more than is true Ex: He works his fingers to the bone.
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Verbal Irony
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Saying the opposite of what is true
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Oxymoron
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Intentionally contrasting terms Ex: Jumbo Shrimp
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Parallelism
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Identical of similar sentence construction Ex: I came. I saw. I conquered.
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Simile
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A comparison using \”like\” or \”as\” Ex: Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee
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Metaphor
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An implied comparison (does not use \”like\” or \”as\”) Ex: She is a rose
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Symbol
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An object which is used to stand for something else Ex: The eagle is a symbol of freedom
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Imagery
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Using words to paint a mental picture of an event, person, place, or thing Ex: The blue waters of the lake sine brightly under the afternoon sun
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Personification
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Giving a non-human object human characteristics Ex: The leaves dancing in the breeze
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Rhythm
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The beat of alternating stressed and unstressed sounds that make the voice rise and is a line of poetry Ex: Beat and flow
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Refrain
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Word phrase, or whole stanza repeated
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Rhyme
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The repetition of the accented vowel sound and all subsequent sounds in a poem Ex: Flower, Power; Strenuous, Tenuous
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Exact Rhyme
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The sounds being repeated are the same Ex: Rail, Bail
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Approximate Rhyme
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The sounds being repeated are close to the same Ex: Fellow, Follow
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End Rhyme
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Having each word at the end of the line sound like a word which came before it
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Internal Rhyme
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Words that sound alike within a single line of poetry Ex: The seas tumble in the heavy breeze
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Tone
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How a poet expresses his/her feelings toward the subject of a poem
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Theme
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The basic idea, point, or message of the poem
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Ballad
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A story-poem meant to be sung
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Dramatic Poem
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Elements of drama in a poem
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Lyrical Poem
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Poetry w/ rhythm
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Narrative Poem
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Story told
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Sonnet
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A 14 line Petruchan: Italian Shakespearan : English 2 stanzas 3 stanzas 8-octave 4 lines; 3 x 4 = 12 + 2 = 14 6-sestet Rhyming Couplet (2) ABAB ABBA
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Free Verse
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Modern poetry; no requirements
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Hubris
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Excessive pride and self-confidence
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Prosody
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Sound of poetry Hard | Soft ——————————————- V,D,G Call | Soft I,P Z,N,T Kill | So M,Q B,R Catch | Sew H,W Both ——- F
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Style by Maya Angelou
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Type of Poem: Essay Theme: Being true to yourself Tone: Uplifting; inspirational POV: Third Speaker: Maya Angelou Other Important Information (OII) : Social Criticism
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La Belle Dame Sand Merci by John Keats
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Type of Poem: Narrative Theme: Love vs. Lust, Reality vs. Fantasy, and Abandonment Tone: somber; sorrowful; lamenting POV: Third to First Speaker: Unknown narrator and knight OII: Rose = love Lily = death
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Danny Deever by Rudyard Kippling
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Type of Poem: Dramatic/ barrack Theme: Experienced soldier’s still feel effects on war Tone: Apprehension and fear POV: Third Speaker: Colored Sergeant and Files on Parade OII: Direct; dialogue; autheticity
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Tupac The Rose That Grew From Concrete by Tupac
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Type of Poem: Metaphor Theme: Goals, Hope, ambition, survival, and rising from nothing Tone: Hope; determination and pride POV: Second Speaker: Tupac OII: Rose = society Concrete = ghetto
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Tupac and 2Morrow by Tupac
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Type of Poem: Free Verse Theme: Hope, struggles, and a dream for a better tomorrow Tone: Angry, then grief, then inspirational POV: Third Speaker: Tupac OII: Social criticism
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Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Rothke
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Type of Poem: Lyrical Theme: Family, power, and men and masculinity Tone: Varies (positive or negative) POV: First Speaker: Young boy OII: Take as positive or negative
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Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes
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Type of Poem: Free Verse Theme: Those who are in power or control don’t want to give it up Tone: Hubris POV: First Speaker: Hawk OII: Prosody (hard sounds), man, sniper
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Barbie Doll by Marje Piercy
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Type of Poem: Free Verse Theme: Appearance, acceptance, coming of age, and expectations of women Tone: Anger on distress and contempt POV: Third Speaker: Outside narrator OII: Barbie-direction of what women should be
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O’Captain, My Captain by Walt Whitman
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Type of Poem: Extended metaphor Theme: Lamenting the loss of the president Tone: Lament POV: First and Third Speaker: Unknown admirer of Lincoln OII: Captain = Lincoln Trip = Civil War Prize = unity Imagery; gun
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Ex-Basketball Player by John Updike
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Type of Poem: Free Verse Theme: Importance of education; without goals you get nowhere Tone: Regret and loss (of opportunity) POV: Third Speaker: Unknown speaker OII: Imagery Diction
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Magic Island by Cynthia Song
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Type of Poem: Free Verse Theme: Shared experiences have the same reaction; moving to places have challenges Tone: Dreamy shifts to gloomy POV: Third Speaker: Unknown speaker OII: Black umbrella – shift from happy to negative

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