World History Unit 6: World War I

Flashcard maker : William Hopper
The Great War/War to End All Wars
The original names given to World War I before World War II began.
Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war.
Alliance System
Partnership between countries to watch each other’s back in case one party is attacked by an outside country.
Triple Alliance
Triple Alliance
A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years preceding World War I.
Triple Entente
Triple Entente
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
The Balkan Peninsula (The Balkans)
Peninsula in Southeastern Europe that includes Serbia, Bosnia, Albania, Greece and more countries. Nicknamed the “Powder Keg of Europe” before WWI.
“The Powder Keg of Europe”
Nickname for the Balkan Peninsula before WWI, due to numerous nationalistic movements against colonial powers, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire.
Serbia
Balkan peninsula country that broke away from Austria-Hungary before WWI, and supported, with the secretive Black Hand, the breaking away of Bosnia from Austria-Hungary.
Bosnia
Balkan peninsula country that saw nationalism rise in the year before WWI. Home of its’ capital, Sarajevo, Young Bosnia and Gavrilo Princip.
Ottoman Empire
Turkish Empire that controlled land in Europe and Asia before WWI, and fought with the Central Powers. Nicknamed the “Sick Man of Europe”
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The future Emperor of Austria-Hungary, whose assassination in Sarajevo, Bosnia, led to World War I
The Black Hand
Secret Serbian group that trained Young Bosnia to assassinate the Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.
Young Bosnia
Yugoslav nationalists who were trained by the Black Hand and carried out the assassination of the Austria-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Gavrilo Princip
Young Bosnia member who assassinated The Austria-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Central Powers
The alliance of the German, Austria-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires in WWI, against the Allied Powers.
Allied Powers
Allied Powers
The alliance of Great Britain, France, Russia, and Serbia in World War I, against the Central Powers.
Neutrality
Neutrality
Taking no side in a conflict
Western Front
In WWI, the region of northern France where the forces of the Allied Powers and Central Powers battled each other.
Eastern Front
In WWI, the area between Germany and Russia where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians and Ottoman Turks.
Schlieffen Plan
Germany’s military plan at the outbreak of WWI, where German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
Stalemate
In battle, a condition where neither side is winning.
Trench warfare
Trench warfare
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in battlefields.
No Man’s Land
The area between the trenches in WWI that was incredibly dangerous.
Battle of the Marne
Western front battle in WWI where the British and French fought against Germany’s advance toward nearby Paris. The Allies stopped the Germans.
Battle of the Somme
Western front battle in WWI where the British and French fought against Germany. 1 million total soldiers died or were wounded in the 6 miles the Allies gained.
Battle of Verdun
Battle of Verdun
Western front battle in WWI, where Germany pushed forward against France, but gained only 4 miles. Over 700,000 total soldiers were killed or injured.
Christmas Truce
A cease-fire on the Western Front between the Allied and Central Powers on Christmas 1914, where both sides laid their weapons down and met together in No Man’s Land
Gallipoli Campaign
Gallipoli Campaign
Failed Allied military campaign in Turkey, in WWI, where the British weren’t able to knock out the Ottoman Empire, nor get goods to Russia.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
The use of submarines to sink, without warning, any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in enemy waters.
The Lusitania
WWI era cruise ship traveling from New York to London that sunk in the Atlantic Ocean due to Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare.
Zimmerman Note (Telegram)
Zimmerman Note (Telegram)
German diplomat’s secret message to Mexico urging an attack on the United States in World War I, intercepted and decoded by the British.
Total War
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort.
Rationing
The limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy-often imposed by governments during wartime, when goods are in short supply.
Propaganda
Propaganda
Information or material spread to advance a cause or damage an opponent’s cause.
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Emperor during WWI, who took over as military general along the Eastern Front, but failed.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Agreement between Germany and Russia to end WWI between the two sides, as Russia left the war.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
German Emperor of the Second Reich during WWI.
Doughboys
Nickname for American soldiers in WWI.
John Pershing
Top US General of the American Expeditionary Force (American soldiers) in WWI.
The Lost Battalion
Heroic American military unit in WWI that surged forward in combat, and got stuck behind German enemy lines for days before being rescued.
Armistice
Armistice
An agreement to stop fighting
Veteran’s Day
The day each year (November 11) Americans honor military personnel who fought in war. Once called Armistice Day, this day marked the end of WWI.
Treaty of Versailles
The peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied Powers after WWI.
War Guilt Clause
Part of the Treaty of Versailles that stated that Germany was solely responsible for WWI.
Reparations
Payment made by one to another, acknowledging some act of previous wrongdoing
Demilitarization
The removing of all military personnel and equipment from a specific area.
Armenian genocide
Armenian genocide
The intentional attempt by the Ottoman Turks in WWI to wipe the Armenian people off the face of the planet.
President Woodrow Wilson
President Woodrow Wilson
United States President in the years leading up to, and during, World War I
Fourteen Points
Fourteen Points
A series of proposals in which US President Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after WWI.
League of Nations
League of Nations
An international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among nations.

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