Test Answers on World History Chapter 21

question

Japan lacked many basic resources, yet it industrialized rapidly after 1868 because of what?
answer

Japanese political leaders placed a high priority on modernization
question

Russia did not industrialize as soon as other countries because it lacked what?
answer

political stability
question

a production method in which workers repeatedly perform one task in the manufacturing process is called what?
answer

the assembly line
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What invention did the internal combustion engine make possible?
answer

the steamboat
question

a company that sells ownership shares to many investors is what?
answer

corporation
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the population of Europe exploded between 1800 and 1900 in large part because of what?
answer

medical advances reduced the death rate
question

What contribution to medical science did German doctor Robert Koch make in the 1880’s?
answer

He identified the bacteria that causes tuberculosis
question

which of the following was a direct result of the discovery that germs cause disease?
answer

improved sanitation
question

A women’s place is in the home reflects the values of which of the following groups during the Victorian age?
answer

the middle class
question

what limited the effectiveness of women involved in the temperance movement?
answer

they could not vote and were barred from most schools
question

Bedford College in England and Mount Holyoke in the United States were among the first colleges for whom?
answer

women
question

Englishman John Dalton made an important breakthrough in chemistry by showing what?
answer

that each element has its own kind of atoms
question

Which scientific idea of the mid-1800’s caused the most controversy?
answer

Louis Pasteur’s germ theory
question

Romanticism can be described as a revolt against the Enlightenment’s emphasis on what?
answer

reason
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An artist of the mid-1800’s who portrayed the harsh lives of slum dwellers was probably using what artistic style?
answer

realism
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What postimpressionist painter used a style that looked like “primitive” folk art?
answer

Paul Gauguin
question

What did Mathew B. Brady accomplish in the visual arts?
answer

He took realistic pictures of the Civil War

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