World History Chapter 17 – Test answers

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What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?
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art and learning
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The study of classical texts caused humanists focus on what subject?
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human potential and achievements
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For what is the Medici family famous?
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for being rulers and supporters of the arts
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What were Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?
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Christian humanists
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What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed?
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the Bible
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In what way did Leonardo da Vinci represent the Renaissance Man?
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He was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist
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Luther protested the practice of selling indulgences. What was that practice?
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The clergy sold pardons that released people from performing penalties for their sins
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Who declared himself the head of the English Church?
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Henry VIII
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What was one of John Calvin’s major teachings?
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predestination
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Who was the important Catholic Reformer who founded the Jesuit order?
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Ignatius of Loyola
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What kind of person represented the ideal of the \”Renaissance Man\”?
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someone who excelled in many areas of study
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How did Italy’s location help it become the birthplace of the Renaissance?
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Italy had access to Roman ruins and had thriving cities
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Why was block printing more useful in Europe than in China?
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European languages had a smaller number of characters than Chinese
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Which of the following was one of Luther’s main beliefs?
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All people with faith were equal
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What was the main reason for Henry VIII’s split with the Roman Catholic Church?
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his desire for a male heir
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Which of the following was agreed upon at the Council of Trent?
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The Church’s interpretation of the Bible was final
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The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between the supporters of which two groups?
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Catholic and Protestant German princes
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The period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from
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1300 to 1600
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The best synonym for secular is
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worldly
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To become known as an important patron, one most needed to be
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wealthy
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The technique known as perspective is most useful in the creation of
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three-dimensional art
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A person who produces work \”in the vernacular\” is one who
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writes in local, rather than in a classical, language
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The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism arose from the study of
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classical Greek and Roman culture
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Renaissance painters in Flanders, as in Italy, tended to produce work that was
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realistic
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In Greek, the word utopia means
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\”no place\”
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The first movable type was in
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China
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The printing press was invented by
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Johann Gutenberg
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What did Thomas More write?
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Utopia
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Which of the following did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More have in common?
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Both were considered humanists
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Who was the last oh Henry VIII’s children to rule England?
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Elizabeth I
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Which official measure made the king, instead of the pope, the head of the English Church?
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Act of Supremacy
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Who was the wife of a king of England, the mother of a queen of England, and the aunt of an emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?
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Catherine of Aragon
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Whom did Henry VIII want to marry badly enough to prompt his break with the Roman Catholic Church and the pope?
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Anne Boleyn
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Which term originally referred to a German prince who was not loyal to the pope?
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Protestant
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Which term means \”to take back a statement\”?
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recant
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Who was the first of Henry VIII’s children to rule England?
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Edward VI
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Which official measure made it a crime to give Martin Luther food or shelter?
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Edict of Worms
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Which term refers to a pardon that releases a sinner from a penalty for committing a sin?
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indulgence
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Which term means \”to set aside\”?
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annul
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Who ruled England beginning in 1558?
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Elizabeth I
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The followers of John Knox became known as
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Presbyterians
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Predestination was one of the main doctrines of
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Calvinism
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The founder of the religious order known as the Jesuits was
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Ignatius of Loyola
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Only the baptism of adults was valid to the
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Anabaptists
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The wife that outlived Henry XIII
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Catherine Parr
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Painted The School of Athens
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Raphael
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Sculpted the white marble David
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Michelangelo
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Wrote The Prince
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Machiavelli
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The only wife Henry was thought to have truly loved
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Jane Seymour
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Northern Renaissance painter who pained everyday scenes with many people
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Pieter Bruegel
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Painted portraits that were almost like photographs
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Hans Holbein the Younger
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The 4th wife of Henry VIII. He thought she looked like a horse and divorced her.
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Anne of Cleves
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Sculpted the bronze statue of David
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Donatello
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Author of a handbook on how to be a Renaissance man or woman
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Castiglione
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Painted The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa
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daVinci
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The best example of a \”true Renaissance man\”
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daVinci
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From Flanders and he developed oil based paints
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Jan VanEyck

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