World History Chapter 15 (Lesson 1 & 2 Questions)

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Briefly summarize what the Renaissance was
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It means “rebirth”; there was urban-oriented society, renewed interest in Greek and Roman literature, and emphasis on the individual. There was no central power but thriving trade; humanism and education were important; the printing press was created. Renaissance & medieval art, and northern European and Italian artists
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What were the five major Italian states during the Renaissance
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The five major Italian States during the Renaissance were Malan, Venice, Florence, Rome (Papal States), and Nepal’s.
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What contributed to the rise of the Italian states during the Renaissance
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Thriving trade, no central power, and struggle for power between France & Spain contributed to the rise of the Italian states during the Renaissance.
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How did Machiavelli’s work influence political power in the Western world
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Machiavelli’s work influenced political power in the Western world by saying it’s better to be feared than loved and by writing “the Prince”.
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According to Castiglione, how were nobles supposed to live their lives
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They were supposed to live their lives by Nobles had to practice arts and spend their money on education.
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How did humanism help define the Renaissance
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Secularism and an emphasis on the individual characterized the renaissance. As humanism, based on the study of classics encouraged such elements and most noticeable in the intellectual and artistic accomplishments of the period. It refined these ideas. Or there was intellectual movement and there was literature of ancient Greece and Rome
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What elements of humanism were incorporated into formal education
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The elements of humanism that were incorporated into formal education was the subjects (literature, history), school, books, reading, and the language people spoke, less focus on religion.
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8. Describe Renaissance art. How did it differ from previous art movements
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Renaissance art was realistic, 3D, less religious, and colorful; previous art movements were more religious, there were paints in it, and it had dull colors
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How did the works of northern European artists differ from those of Italian artists
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The works of northern European artists differ from those of Italian artists because Italian artists painted people, were religious, made sculptures and were architectural. Northern European artists were from Flanders, perfected oils on canvas

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