World Hist. semester test part 3

Flashcard maker : August Dunbar
The chief god of the early Aryans was
Indra
After the Aryans and Dravidians mixed and intermingled
Indra receded into the background
Archaeologists in India have discovered that between 8000 and 5000 BCE
Cultivators built a neolithic society west of the Indus River
The earliest known urban society in India was the
Harappan
Much of early Harappan history remains a mystery because
the archaeological remains are under water
If the Greek historian Herodotus had known of the Harappan society, he might have used the phrase \”the fift of the _______\” to describe it.
Indus
Chickens were first domesticated in
India
Mohenjo-daro was
one of the two main cities of Harappan society
Based on archaeological evidence from early Indian history, historians believe that
Harappa and Mohenjo-daro served as economic and political centers
At its height, the population of Mohenjo-daro reached
40,000
Evidence relating to trade indicates that Harappan India
traded with the Mesopotamians
Which statement about Harappan society is FALSE?
Their writings have provided a wealth of info for historians
Harappan religion
reflected a strong concern for fertility
Some scholars believe that, after the collapse of the Harrappan society, Harappan deities
survived and fund a place in the Hindu pantheon
One of the biggest reasons for the decline of the Harappan society was likely
ecological deradation
The Indo-Europeans who entered India called themselves Aryans, which means
noble people
The Aryans were
Indo-Europeans
The Aryans came into India
in a centuries-long migration
Which of the following statements about Aryans is NOT true
They brought the first written language to India
the biggest military advantage of the Indo-Europeans was
their horses
Most of our information about the early Aryans comes from the
Vedas
The Aryans referred to social classes by the term
varnas
Which of the following social classes in the caste system is associated with warriors and
kshatriyas
The task of butchering animals or handling dead bodies usually fell to the
untouchables
which of the following answers reflects the early varna hierarchy from highest to lowest
brahmins, kshatriyas, vaishayas, shudras
A jati is
a subcaste
The first century BCE work that dealt with moral behavior and social relationships was the
Lawbook of Manu
When a Hindu widow voluntarily threw herself on her dead husband’s funeral pyre it was
sati
Vedic society was
strongly patriarchal
What Aryan god was associated with war and rain
Indra
The Aryans believe that Varuna
oversaw the behavior of mortals and prserved the osmic order
The most important aspect of the Aryan religion during the early Vedic times was
the proper performance of ritural sacrifices
The hallucinogenic concoction drunk by Aryans during ritual sacrifices was known as
soma
The \”Word of the Fathers\”
was the Aryans heaven
The Upanishads were
commentaries and reflections on the Vedas
In Hinduism the highest goal of the individual sould was to
escape the cycle of birth and rebirth and evter into permanent union with Brahman
This passage from the Upanishads explains what Hindu concept? \”Now as a man is like this or like that, according as he acts and according as he behaves, so will he be: a man of good acts will become good, a man of bad acts, bad\”
Karma
The two principal means to achieve the goal of moksha are
asceticim and meditation

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