WH Chapter 21, Web Quest 1

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Where was Copernicus born and what did he do in his early life?
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He was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. He developed his own celestial model of a heliocentric planetary system.
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Besides astronomy, what did Copernicus study in school?
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He studied painting and mathematics.
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What different occupations did Copernicus engage in?
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He took a canon’s position at Frombork’s cathedral.
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What was Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory?
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The theory states the solar system named the sun, rather than the earth. He believed that the size of each planet’s orbit depended on its distance from the sun.
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Where was Kepler born?
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He was born in Weil der Stadt in Swabia, in southwest Germany.
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Where did Kepler receive his education?
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He began his university education at the Protestant university of Tübingen.
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Who did Kepler replace after serving as his assistant?
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He was Tycho Brahe’s assistant until Tycho’s death in 1601 and was then appointed Tycho’s successor as Imperial Mathematician.
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What was Kepler’s mother accused of being?
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His mother was a witch.
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What invention did Galileo improve upon?
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He invented the telescope.
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What did Galileo discover with his new invention?
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Moons of Jupiter and the faces of Venus.
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What accepted theory was Galileo required to teach at the University of Pisa?
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He was required to teach the accepted theory of his time that the sun and all the planets revolved around the Earth.
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Whose theory was Galileo exposed to at the University of Padua?
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He was exposed that the Earth and all the other planets revolved around the sun.
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What was Galileo convicted of ?
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Hersey.
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Who was born in the year that Galileo died?
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Issac Newton was born the year he died.
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By today’s standards, Bacon did things at a young age. When did he enter college?
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He was 12 years old when he enrolled in a law program at Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn.
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When did Bacon become a member of the House of Commons?
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1581
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What was Bacon’s father’s role in the Queen’s court?
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the Lord Chancellor.
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Describe Bacon’s “method.”
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His new scientific method involved gathering data, analyzing it, and performing experiments to observe nature’s truths in an organized way.
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What is the source of this account of Descartes’ life?
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`A Short Account of the History of Mathematics’ (4th edition, 1908) by W. W. Rouse Ball was the source.
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What was Descartes’ excuse for sleeping late?
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He needed to do better at mathematics and to be more healthy.
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What were Descartes’ chief contributions to mathematics?
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Analytic geometry and his theory of vortices.
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Besides mathematics, what other science did Descartes delve into?
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Philosophy , astronomy, and optics.
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What was Newton’s involvement with the English money system?
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In 1696, he moved to London to work at a mint.
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When did Isaac Newton become Sir Isaac Newton?
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He became a Sir In 1705.
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Besides his work with the law of gravity, what were Newton’s other interests?
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He was interested in chemistry and theology.
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What were Newton’s posthumous (after death) publications?
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The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms, The System of the World, and Book III of the Principia.

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