WH Chapter 21, Web Quest 1

Flashcard maker : Dennis Jennings
Where was Copernicus born and what did he do in his early life?
He was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. He developed his own celestial model of a heliocentric planetary system.
Besides astronomy, what did Copernicus study in school?
He studied painting and mathematics.
What different occupations did Copernicus engage in?
He took a canon’s position at Frombork’s cathedral.
What was Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory?
The theory states the solar system named the sun, rather than the earth. He believed that the size of each planet’s orbit depended on its distance from the sun.
Where was Kepler born?
He was born in Weil der Stadt in Swabia, in southwest Germany.
Where did Kepler receive his education?
He began his university education at the Protestant university of Tübingen.
Who did Kepler replace after serving as his assistant?
He was Tycho Brahe’s assistant until Tycho’s death in 1601 and was then appointed Tycho’s successor as Imperial Mathematician.
What was Kepler’s mother accused of being?
His mother was a witch.
What invention did Galileo improve upon?
He invented the telescope.
What did Galileo discover with his new invention?
Moons of Jupiter and the faces of Venus.
What accepted theory was Galileo required to teach at the University of Pisa?
He was required to teach the accepted theory of his time that the sun and all the planets revolved around the Earth.
Whose theory was Galileo exposed to at the University of Padua?
He was exposed that the Earth and all the other planets revolved around the sun.
What was Galileo convicted of ?
Hersey.
Who was born in the year that Galileo died?
Issac Newton was born the year he died.
By today’s standards, Bacon did things at a young age. When did he enter college?
He was 12 years old when he enrolled in a law program at Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn.
When did Bacon become a member of the House of Commons?
1581
What was Bacon’s father’s role in the Queen’s court?
the Lord Chancellor.
Describe Bacon’s “method.”
His new scientific method involved gathering data, analyzing it, and performing experiments to observe nature’s truths in an organized way.
What is the source of this account of Descartes’ life?
`A Short Account of the History of Mathematics’ (4th edition, 1908) by W. W. Rouse Ball was the source.
What was Descartes’ excuse for sleeping late?
He needed to do better at mathematics and to be more healthy.
What were Descartes’ chief contributions to mathematics?
Analytic geometry and his theory of vortices.
Besides mathematics, what other science did Descartes delve into?
Philosophy , astronomy, and optics.
What was Newton’s involvement with the English money system?
In 1696, he moved to London to work at a mint.
When did Isaac Newton become Sir Isaac Newton?
He became a Sir In 1705.
Besides his work with the law of gravity, what were Newton’s other interests?
He was interested in chemistry and theology.
What were Newton’s posthumous (after death) publications?
The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms, The System of the World, and Book III of the Principia.

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