Western Civilazations

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building castles.
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In the tenth and eleventh centuries the predatory lords who were rising to power often solidified territories by:
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France.
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The language and customs of feudalism spread to Europe from:
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Saladin
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Which leader recaptured Jerusalem in 1187?
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the Rus to the north.
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By the late ninth century, Byzantium faced threats from all the following except:
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allowed the adoption of new and more efficient systems of crop rotation.
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The greatest advantage of the manorial system in terms of productivity was that it:
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banned the teaching of Aristotelian logic.
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The Byzantines were conservative regarding classical knowledge, and Emperor Alexius Comnenus eventually:
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Averroës Ibn Rusd.
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Perhaps the most influent Muslim scholar to help purify and preserve the study of Aristotle’s thought was:
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930
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Iceland may have been the location of the first parliamentary democracy when the settlers there formed a legislative assembly in:
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The Electoral Decree of 1059:
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made it clear that popes were to be selected by the College of Cardinals.
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Byzantium
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For whom were the effects of the Crusades most disastrous?
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the heavy-wheeled plow.
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One of the major contributors to the agricultural boom after Charlemagne was:
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1066
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The Norman Conquest of England took place in:
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can be traced to the establishment of the monastery at Cluny.
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The first successful attempt to restore the spiritual legitimacy of the Latin Church:
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France and Italy.
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The influence of Cluniac monastic reform was strongest in:
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homage.
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The relationship between a lord and vassal was made solemn by an act of:
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The three-field system of crop rotation:
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increased the amount of arable land. provided insurance against natural disaster. made it possible to support healthier animals.
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the Saxon kings of Francia.
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Around the year 1000, the most powerful monarchs on the European continent were:
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Capetian
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The Carolingian dynasty in France was replaced by which dynasty in 987?
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Muslims. Christians. Jews.
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In 1099, the crusading armies took Jerusalem and slaughtered:
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One of the results of the Crusades was that:
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various Italian trading cities profited greatly from trade with and through the Muslim powers for goods from the East.
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Urban II
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Which pope proclaimed the First Crusade at Clermont in 1095?
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the Rhineland and the low countries.
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In the eleventh and twelfth centuries lords began to encourage trade and commerce by permitting safe havens in principalities, and this was especially true in
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suggested that Henry’s subjects had a sacred duty to rebel against Henry’s leadership.
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In their dispute over the investiture of bishops, Pope Gregory not only excommunicated the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV but:
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the buying and selling of Church offices.
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The word \”simony\” means:
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In asserting his power and authority, Pope Gregory VII:
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argued that popes had the power to judge all men but could not themselves be judged.
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At Canossa in the winter of 1077:
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Henry IV humiliated himself before Pope Gregory VII.
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villagers began to combine their lands into common fields.
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Manors began to take shape after the ninth century when:
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religious.
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The dominant motive for going on the First Crusade was:

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