Watercolor and Acrylic Vocab

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acrylic paint
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fast-drying paint that contains pigment suspended in an acrylic polymer emolsion
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collage
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technique that combines the use of pasting cut or torn materials such as paper, photographs, and fabric to a flat surface
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complementary colors
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colors that are opposite on the color wheel. These colors are Red and Green, Blue and Orange, and Yellow and Violet
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dry brush
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brushstroke technique that is excellent in creating natural texture. It requires only a small amount of paint on a dry brush
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figure painting
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when artists create a painting that includes the human figure
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gesso
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primer used in acrylic and oil paintings
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glaze
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successive layers of transparent color
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grisaille
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creating a painting in all grays pr browns with glazes laid on top
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gloss medium
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a type of medium used with acrylics. Produces a nice glass finish and can be used as a final protective varnish
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impasto
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paint applied straight from the tube or thickened with gel medium that can be applied with a brush or painting knife to build up a thick, textured surface
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landscape painting
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a painting of an outdoor scene
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lifting out
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a watercolor technique of taking away color from a wet or dry area of paint
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masking fluid
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used in watercolor to retain white areas
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matte medium
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a type of acrylic medium that dries flat and dull
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mixed media
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using more than one art medium in a work of art
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scraffito
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scratching into wet paint
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scumble
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adding a fine layer of opaque pigment to create a softened luminescent or hazy effect
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self-portrait
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when an artist paints a picture of themselves
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stretching
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process to keep watercolor paper flat while painting
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underpainting
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layer or layers of color on a painting surface applied before the final painting is begun
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wash
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a veil of color laid over an entire area of the paper too large to be covered by a single brushstroke
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watercolor paint
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paint consisting of pigment and binder of gum arabic. This paint is usually applied in thin, transparent layers on white paper. Once dry, the paint can be made fluid again by reintroducing water
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wax resist
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a watercolor technique using oil pastels or candle wax to resist watercolor paints
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wet on wet
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a watercolor technique using wet paint on wet paper
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acrylic retarder/slow-dri medium
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slows down the drying process of acrylic paints

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