Vocational Chapter 1 – Flashcards

question
nurse
answer
to nourish
question
nursing in its present form
answer
began to emerge only in the 19th century
question
contemporary nursing
answer
continues to evolve as society and its healthcare needs and expectations change
question
what type of profession is nursing?
answer
a practical and noble one
question
Nursing attributes
answer
a strong sense of responsibility and the highest standards of integrity
question
who do nurses interact with?
answer
a vast assortment of individuals including numerous and varied healthcare personnel who have their own fields of expertise
question
what was nurses originally responsible for?
answer
nutrition and diets, that are today broken down into specialties, nutritionist, dietitian, physical therapist, or occupational therapist
question
during the 20th century instead of being a passive participant, the patient became
answer
more knowledgeable consumer of healthcare and as in other service industries, the consumer became a "client" of the primary care provider, nurse, and healthcare system
question
the term client
answer
reflects the roles of the nurse who actively interacts with individuals, families, and the healthcare system
question
what did people often attribute illness to in ancient times?
answer
punishment for sins or to possession by evil spirits
question
medicine man/shaman
answer
performed rituals using various plants, herbs, and other material, to heal the sick
question
care of the sick in ancient times were recorded in
answer
the Bible, the Talmud, and other ancient text
question
Caduceus and the staff of Aesculapius
answer
mythical figures that are modern symbols of medicine
question
Hippocrates
answer
born in 460 BC, on the Greek Island of Kos, is the acknowledged "Father of Medicine" who denounced the idea of mystical influence on disease
question
holistic healthcare
answer
emphasizes the importance of caring for the whole person
question
Hippocrates laid the ground work for
answer
nursing and medicine
question
Hippocratic oath
answer
principles are recited by healthcare practitioners when graduating from a school of medicine
question
The Florence Nightingale pledge and Practical Nurses pledge
answer
are based on the Hippocratic oath
question
the first recorded history of nursing begins with
answer
Biblical women who cared for the sick and injured.
question
Phoebe
answer
mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans, is known as the first deaconess and visiting nurse
question
Fabiola
answer
Roman woman, who is credited with influencing and paying for the construction of the first free hospital in Rome in 390 AD.
question
Saint Marcella
answer
converted her beautiful home into a monastery, where she taught nursing skills, she is considered the first nursing educator
question
Saint Paula
answer
credited with establishing inns and hospitals to care for pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem
question
Saint Helena
answer
the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, is credited with establishing the first gerontological facility, or home for the aged
question
During the Crusades
answer
Male military personnel, such as the Knights Hospitalers of St. John in Jerusalem, conducted most nursing care
question
The dark ages of nursing
answer
During the 1800s, the few women who cared for the sick were prisoners or prostitutes. Nursing was considered the most menial of all tasks, and the least desirable
question
Pastor Theodor Fliedner
answer
in 1836 established the Kaiserswerth School for Nursing in his parish in Kaiserswerth, Germany. Its most famous student was Florence Nightingale.
question
Florence Nightingale
answer
born in Italy in 1820 to wealthy English parents. In 1844, an American doctor visited the family, and Nightingale asked him if entering the field of nursing would be appropriate for her
question
In 1851
answer
Nightingale entered the Deaconess School in Kaiserswerth at Age 31, her family and friends were strongly opposed to her becoming a nurse
question
After graduation in 1853
answer
Nightingale became the superintendent of a charity hospital for governesses.
question
in 1854
answer
the Crimean War began. Nightingale gained fame during this conflict, by entering the battlefield near Scutari, Turkey, with 38 other nurses and cared for the sick and injured.
question
During the Crimean War
answer
Nightingale insisted on establishing sanitary conditions and providing quality nursing care which immediately reduced the mortality rate.
question
Nightingale and her nurses made rounds carrying
answer
oil lamps, that created a public image of the lady with the lamp
question
Nightingale lamp
answer
the "Lamp of Learning" became a symbol of nursing and nursing education.
question
The light of the lamp symbolizes
answer
the striving for excellence. The oil represents the energy and commitment of the nurse to heal others
question
Building on the respect she had established in the Crimean War, Nightingale
answer
opened the first nursing school outside a hospital in 1860
question
Students at the Nightingale school did their clinicals at
answer
St. Thomas Hospital in London
question
Some principles of the Nightingale School for Nurses are still taught today
answer
*Cleanliness is vital to recovery *Prevention is better than cure *Teaching is part of nursing *A nurse does not graduate but continues to learn throughout his or her career
question
in 1849 Pastor Fliedner
answer
Extended his school to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and became involved with the Pittsburgh Infirmary, the first Protestant hospital int the United States.
question
The Pittsburgh Infirmary
answer
was the first real school of nursing in the United States
question
In 1873
answer
Three nursing programs based on the Nightingale plan were formally established: 1. Bellevue Hospital School of New York. 2. Connecticut Training School in New Haven. 3. Boston Training School at Massachusetts General Hospital
question
Dorothea Lynde Dix
answer
(1802-1887) the Union army appointed her Superintendent of Female Nurses. She is especially remembered for her campaign against the inhumane treatment of the mentally ill.
question
Clara Barton
answer
(1821-1912) In 1881 founded the organization now known as the American Red Cross
question
Melinda Ann (Linda) Richards
answer
(1841-1930) was the first trained nurse in the United States
question
Isabel Hampton Robb
answer
(1860-1910) the founder of the the school of nursing at Johns Hopkins University, and two national nursing organizations 1. the American Nurses Association(originally called Alumnae Association). 2. The National League for Nursing.
question
Isabel Hampton Robb also wrote
answer
one of the earliest nursing textbooks, Materia Medica for Nurses, and coauthored a four-volume History of Nursing. She initiated the idea of graduate nursing study in the late 1800s
question
Lillian Wald
answer
(1867-1940) is considered the founder of American public health nursing. She is best known for founding the Henry Street Settlement Visiting nurse Society(VNS) in New York City in 1893.
question
Lillian Wald also convinced
answer
New York City schools to have a nurse on duty during school hours
question
Mary Breckinridge
answer
(1881-1965) was a pioneer as a visiting nurse-midwife to the mountain people of Kentucky in the early 1900s. She started one of the first midwifery schools in the US.
question
Mary Adelaide Nutting
answer
(1858-1947) and Isabel Robb in 1907 were instrumental in establishing the first college based nursing program at Teachers College of Columbia University
question
Curricula in all of the early practical nursing schools included:
answer
child care, cooking, and light housekeeping, in addition to care of the sick at home
question
Ballard School
answer
in 1892, Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) opened the first practical nursing school in the US in Brooklyn, NY.
question
Later the YWCA was named
answer
the Ballard School because Lucinda Ballard provided the funding. This program was a 3-month course to train women in simple nursing care, emphasizing care of infants and children, older adults, and the disabled in the own homes
question
Thompson Practical Nursing School
answer
Thomas Thompson, a wealthy man who lived in Vermont during the Civil War, learned that women were making shirts for the army at only a dollar a dozen.
question
In Thomas Thompson will
answer
Thomas Thompson left money to help the women in his will. Richard Bradley, his executor, was a public-spirited man and determined that the local citizens needed nursing service
question
In 1907 Richard Bradley
answer
Thompson's executor used some of Thompson's money to establish the Thompson Practical Nursing School in Brattleboro, Vermont. This school still exists today
question
in 1908, The American Red Cross
answer
began offering home nursing education to teach lay women appropriate nursing care for illnesses within their own families. Jane Delano(1862-1919) was an Army nurse who was instrumental in this movement
question
In the early part of the 20th Century
answer
nursing schools--training both practical nurses and registered nurses--were traditionally located in or affiliated with hospitals.
question
Nursing during wartime has long been important
answer
From Florence Nightingale in the Crimea to the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, Korea, Vietnam, and continuing to the wars of the 21st century, nurses have always played a vital role
question
The U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps
answer
established during WWII, with Lucile Petry Leone(1902-1999) as Director. 14,000 volunteer nurses graduated in about 2 years
question
Katherine Densford
answer
(1890-1978)Director of the School of Nursing at the University of Minnesota. She promised to train expanded numbers of nurses in a short time. More than 1200 cadets graduated from that school alone
question
Many factors influenced rapid trends of Nursing in the 21st century
answer
1. Higher client acuity in hospital and long-term settings 2. Shift to community based care(chronic or longterm) 3. Technology 4. Social factors (AIDS, TB) 5. Lifestyle factors and greater life expectancy 6. Changes in nursing education
question
insignia
answer
a distinguishing badge of authority or honor (ex. The "Nightingale lamp" "Lamp of Nursing", or "Lamp of Learning" remains a standard of nursing insignia
question
Mary E. Mahoney
answer
(1845-1926) promoted fair treatment of African Americans in healthcare. She was the first African American graduate nurse, and promoted integration and better working conditions for minority healthcare workers in Boston
question
Nursing pen
answer
a pen given at graduation that symbolizes your school of nursing
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question
nurse
answer
to nourish
question
nursing in its present form
answer
began to emerge only in the 19th century
question
contemporary nursing
answer
continues to evolve as society and its healthcare needs and expectations change
question
what type of profession is nursing?
answer
a practical and noble one
question
Nursing attributes
answer
a strong sense of responsibility and the highest standards of integrity
question
who do nurses interact with?
answer
a vast assortment of individuals including numerous and varied healthcare personnel who have their own fields of expertise
question
what was nurses originally responsible for?
answer
nutrition and diets, that are today broken down into specialties, nutritionist, dietitian, physical therapist, or occupational therapist
question
during the 20th century instead of being a passive participant, the patient became
answer
more knowledgeable consumer of healthcare and as in other service industries, the consumer became a "client" of the primary care provider, nurse, and healthcare system
question
the term client
answer
reflects the roles of the nurse who actively interacts with individuals, families, and the healthcare system
question
what did people often attribute illness to in ancient times?
answer
punishment for sins or to possession by evil spirits
question
medicine man/shaman
answer
performed rituals using various plants, herbs, and other material, to heal the sick
question
care of the sick in ancient times were recorded in
answer
the Bible, the Talmud, and other ancient text
question
Caduceus and the staff of Aesculapius
answer
mythical figures that are modern symbols of medicine
question
Hippocrates
answer
born in 460 BC, on the Greek Island of Kos, is the acknowledged "Father of Medicine" who denounced the idea of mystical influence on disease
question
holistic healthcare
answer
emphasizes the importance of caring for the whole person
question
Hippocrates laid the ground work for
answer
nursing and medicine
question
Hippocratic oath
answer
principles are recited by healthcare practitioners when graduating from a school of medicine
question
The Florence Nightingale pledge and Practical Nurses pledge
answer
are based on the Hippocratic oath
question
the first recorded history of nursing begins with
answer
Biblical women who cared for the sick and injured.
question
Phoebe
answer
mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans, is known as the first deaconess and visiting nurse
question
Fabiola
answer
Roman woman, who is credited with influencing and paying for the construction of the first free hospital in Rome in 390 AD.
question
Saint Marcella
answer
converted her beautiful home into a monastery, where she taught nursing skills, she is considered the first nursing educator
question
Saint Paula
answer
credited with establishing inns and hospitals to care for pilgrims traveling to Jerusalem
question
Saint Helena
answer
the mother of the Roman Emperor Constantine, is credited with establishing the first gerontological facility, or home for the aged
question
During the Crusades
answer
Male military personnel, such as the Knights Hospitalers of St. John in Jerusalem, conducted most nursing care
question
The dark ages of nursing
answer
During the 1800s, the few women who cared for the sick were prisoners or prostitutes. Nursing was considered the most menial of all tasks, and the least desirable
question
Pastor Theodor Fliedner
answer
in 1836 established the Kaiserswerth School for Nursing in his parish in Kaiserswerth, Germany. Its most famous student was Florence Nightingale.
question
Florence Nightingale
answer
born in Italy in 1820 to wealthy English parents. In 1844, an American doctor visited the family, and Nightingale asked him if entering the field of nursing would be appropriate for her
question
In 1851
answer
Nightingale entered the Deaconess School in Kaiserswerth at Age 31, her family and friends were strongly opposed to her becoming a nurse
question
After graduation in 1853
answer
Nightingale became the superintendent of a charity hospital for governesses.
question
in 1854
answer
the Crimean War began. Nightingale gained fame during this conflict, by entering the battlefield near Scutari, Turkey, with 38 other nurses and cared for the sick and injured.
question
During the Crimean War
answer
Nightingale insisted on establishing sanitary conditions and providing quality nursing care which immediately reduced the mortality rate.
question
Nightingale and her nurses made rounds carrying
answer
oil lamps, that created a public image of the lady with the lamp
question
Nightingale lamp
answer
the "Lamp of Learning" became a symbol of nursing and nursing education.
question
The light of the lamp symbolizes
answer
the striving for excellence. The oil represents the energy and commitment of the nurse to heal others
question
Building on the respect she had established in the Crimean War, Nightingale
answer
opened the first nursing school outside a hospital in 1860
question
Students at the Nightingale school did their clinicals at
answer
St. Thomas Hospital in London
question
Some principles of the Nightingale School for Nurses are still taught today
answer
*Cleanliness is vital to recovery *Prevention is better than cure *Teaching is part of nursing *A nurse does not graduate but continues to learn throughout his or her career
question
in 1849 Pastor Fliedner
answer
Extended his school to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and became involved with the Pittsburgh Infirmary, the first Protestant hospital int the United States.
question
The Pittsburgh Infirmary
answer
was the first real school of nursing in the United States
question
In 1873
answer
Three nursing programs based on the Nightingale plan were formally established: 1. Bellevue Hospital School of New York. 2. Connecticut Training School in New Haven. 3. Boston Training School at Massachusetts General Hospital
question
Dorothea Lynde Dix
answer
(1802-1887) the Union army appointed her Superintendent of Female Nurses. She is especially remembered for her campaign against the inhumane treatment of the mentally ill.
question
Clara Barton
answer
(1821-1912) In 1881 founded the organization now known as the American Red Cross
question
Melinda Ann (Linda) Richards
answer
(1841-1930) was the first trained nurse in the United States
question
Isabel Hampton Robb
answer
(1860-1910) the founder of the the school of nursing at Johns Hopkins University, and two national nursing organizations 1. the American Nurses Association(originally called Alumnae Association). 2. The National League for Nursing.
question
Isabel Hampton Robb also wrote
answer
one of the earliest nursing textbooks, Materia Medica for Nurses, and coauthored a four-volume History of Nursing. She initiated the idea of graduate nursing study in the late 1800s
question
Lillian Wald
answer
(1867-1940) is considered the founder of American public health nursing. She is best known for founding the Henry Street Settlement Visiting nurse Society(VNS) in New York City in 1893.
question
Lillian Wald also convinced
answer
New York City schools to have a nurse on duty during school hours
question
Mary Breckinridge
answer
(1881-1965) was a pioneer as a visiting nurse-midwife to the mountain people of Kentucky in the early 1900s. She started one of the first midwifery schools in the US.
question
Mary Adelaide Nutting
answer
(1858-1947) and Isabel Robb in 1907 were instrumental in establishing the first college based nursing program at Teachers College of Columbia University
question
Curricula in all of the early practical nursing schools included:
answer
child care, cooking, and light housekeeping, in addition to care of the sick at home
question
Ballard School
answer
in 1892, Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) opened the first practical nursing school in the US in Brooklyn, NY.
question
Later the YWCA was named
answer
the Ballard School because Lucinda Ballard provided the funding. This program was a 3-month course to train women in simple nursing care, emphasizing care of infants and children, older adults, and the disabled in the own homes
question
Thompson Practical Nursing School
answer
Thomas Thompson, a wealthy man who lived in Vermont during the Civil War, learned that women were making shirts for the army at only a dollar a dozen.
question
In Thomas Thompson will
answer
Thomas Thompson left money to help the women in his will. Richard Bradley, his executor, was a public-spirited man and determined that the local citizens needed nursing service
question
In 1907 Richard Bradley
answer
Thompson's executor used some of Thompson's money to establish the Thompson Practical Nursing School in Brattleboro, Vermont. This school still exists today
question
in 1908, The American Red Cross
answer
began offering home nursing education to teach lay women appropriate nursing care for illnesses within their own families. Jane Delano(1862-1919) was an Army nurse who was instrumental in this movement
question
In the early part of the 20th Century
answer
nursing schools--training both practical nurses and registered nurses--were traditionally located in or affiliated with hospitals.
question
Nursing during wartime has long been important
answer
From Florence Nightingale in the Crimea to the American Civil War, Spanish-American War, Korea, Vietnam, and continuing to the wars of the 21st century, nurses have always played a vital role
question
The U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps
answer
established during WWII, with Lucile Petry Leone(1902-1999) as Director. 14,000 volunteer nurses graduated in about 2 years
question
Katherine Densford
answer
(1890-1978)Director of the School of Nursing at the University of Minnesota. She promised to train expanded numbers of nurses in a short time. More than 1200 cadets graduated from that school alone
question
Many factors influenced rapid trends of Nursing in the 21st century
answer
1. Higher client acuity in hospital and long-term settings 2. Shift to community based care(chronic or longterm) 3. Technology 4. Social factors (AIDS, TB) 5. Lifestyle factors and greater life expectancy 6. Changes in nursing education
question
insignia
answer
a distinguishing badge of authority or honor (ex. The "Nightingale lamp" "Lamp of Nursing", or "Lamp of Learning" remains a standard of nursing insignia
question
Mary E. Mahoney
answer
(1845-1926) promoted fair treatment of African Americans in healthcare. She was the first African American graduate nurse, and promoted integration and better working conditions for minority healthcare workers in Boston
question
Nursing pen
answer
a pen given at graduation that symbolizes your school of nursing
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