Vocab Unit 11 Study Guide

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As the Scottish poet Robert Burns aptly suggests, even the best-laid plans are often entirely (palpable, contingent) on events we cannot control.
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contingent
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Disguised as an old hag, the wicked queen gave Snow White a (florid, pernicious) apple, which trapped the young heroine into a prolonged, death-like sleep.
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pernicious
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Before we (inculcate, foist) certain principles in young people, let’s be sure that these principles are truly desirable for them and their society.
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inculcate
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During times of extreme economic hardship and war, families often eat (dowdily, abstemiously).
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abstemiously
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Children are often remarkably (discursive, perceptive) in understanding how adults feel about them.
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perceptive
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With the advent of the Internet and e-mail, it is easy to (disseminate, inculcate) false information and rumors rapidly.
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disseminate
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Although the essays are highly (discursive, dowdy), covering a wide range of topics, they are written with such clarity and grace that they are easy to follow.
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discursive
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In a series of (searing, contingent) attacks now known as the Philippics, Cicero launched his entire battery of political invective against the hapless Mark Anthony.
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searing
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We are most likely to fall victim to (discursive, specious) reasoning when we have an emotional desire to believe what we are being told.
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specious
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The article described the success of an undercover sting operation in catching the swindler who was (foisting, searing) fake diamonds on his customers.
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foisting
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The most tragic aspect of a forest fire is its destructive effects on the innumerable plant and animal (heresies, denizens) of that environment.
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denizens
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He thought he was being witty and charming, but I regard his conduct at the party as altogether (abstemious, gauche).
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gauche
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Modern nutritionists emphasize that there is a(n) (palpable, abstemious) difference between \”eating to live\” and \”living to eat.\”
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palpable
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The more we studied the drug problem, the more we became aware of its (contingent, pernicious) influence on the American people today.
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pernicious
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The study of history teaches us that many ideas regarded as (heresies, disseminations) by one generation are accepted as sound and orthodox by the next.
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heresies
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Some English rulers were strikingly elegant and imposing figures; others were somewhat (specious, dowdy) and unprepossessing.
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dowdy
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No doubt his efforts to advance his own interests were (censurable, florid), but let’s try to keep a sense of proportion and not condemn him too much.
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censurable
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Her (perceptive, florid) writing style, abounding in adjectives and fancy metaphors, is far from suitable for factual newspaper stories.
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florid
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She was so (abstemious, palpable) that she extended her self-control even to her beloved books, and read them no more than an hour each day.
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abstemious
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All the available evidence (corroborates, foists) my theory that the theft was planned by someone familiar with the layout of the house.
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corroborates
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Although the Declaration of Independence was framed only to justify a revolution in the British colonies in North America, its ideas and ideals have been (disseminated, seared) throughout the world.
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disseminated
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Don’t you get tired of glossy advertisements that try to (foist, satiate) short-lived and sometimes absurd fashion trends on the customer?
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foist
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Out of all the endless flow of dull verbiage in that long lecture, we could recognize only two or three (gauche, salient) points.
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salient
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Though I rather like the better TV game shows, I find that after a certain point, I’m (satiated, inculcated) and ready for more substantial fare.
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satiated
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A passing grade is (pernicious, contingent) on your participation in class.
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contingent
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Synonym: a long and DIGRESSIVE novel
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discursive
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Synonym: TACKY window decorations
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dowdy
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Synonym: not tolerating VULGAR behavior
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gauche
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Synonym: take care not to BURN the food
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sear
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Synonym: AUTHENTICATE a silly rumor
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corroborate
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Synonym: a FLOWERY introduction
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florid
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Synonym: a TANGIBLE change in the mood of the crowd
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palpable
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Synonym: their DISCRIMINATING remarks
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perceptive
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Synonym: GRATIFY the appetite for gossip
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satiate
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Synonym: a NATIVE of the high country
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denizen
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Antonym: an ELUSIVE dream
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palpable
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Antonym: an UNFULFILLED ambition
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satiated
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Antonym: wearing STYLISH clothes
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dowdy
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Antonym: serve a MOIST turkey
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seared
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Antonym: a few REFINED quests
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salient
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Unless you can produce witnesses to ____ your claim that you stopped at the red light, the mere assertion will have little to no effect on the jury.
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corroborate
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The stubborn refusal to give me a chance to compete for the scholarship on the same basis as everyone else is a(n) ____ injustice to the whole idea of fair play.
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palpable
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I don’t like to criticize your behavior but I feel obliged to tell you that your discourtesy to that confused tourist was highly ____.
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censurable
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Is there any need for me to describe at length the ____ effects of smoking?
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pernicious
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A(n) ____ characteristic of every great athlete is the ability to perform at maximum efficiency under extreme pressure.
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salient
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The old fellow did indeed look like a typical ____ of the racetrack, as described in Damon Runyon’s famous stories.
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denizen
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Though this may not be the most stylish blouse I own, I thought to myself, as least it doesn’t make me look ____!
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dowdy
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No honest mechanic will try to ____ inferior replacement parts on his customers.
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foist
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If you wish to seal the juices and bring out the flavor of your pot roast, ____ it briefly in a hot pan before you put it in the oven.
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sear
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His talk on world affairs was so unorganized and ____that it left us more confused than ever.
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discursive
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If I had the time, I could point out many flaws in the ____ arguments you find so impressive.
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specious
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Since we wished to have some say in the town council’s final decision, we sent a small ____ of our most persuasive speakers to the hearings.
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contingent
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The purpose of the program is to ____ throughout the community information about job-training opportunities for young people.
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disseminate
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Eudora Welty is considered one of the most ____ and insightful American writers of her time.
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perceptive
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When I referred to her favorite singer as an \”untalented, overplayed, and conceited lout,\” she looked at me in shock, as though I had been guilty of ____.
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heresy
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It is hard to believe that people coming from such a refined social milieu could actually be so ____ and boorish.
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gauche
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After the long summer vacation, I was ____ with loafing and eager to return to school!
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satiated
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Psychologists tell us that the early years of childhood are the best time to ____ basic concepts of right and wrong.
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inculcate
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Among all those pale and sallow people, her highly ____ complexion stood out like a beacon.
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florid
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Her good health in old age is due in large part to the ____ habits of her younger years.
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abstemious
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Someone who is dowdy is not: a) boring b) shabby c) dull d) stylish
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D – stylish
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a palpably artificial adornment is one whose artificiality is: a) obvious b) valuable c) ostentatious d) inconspicuous
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A – obvious
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A state of satiation is one of: a) depravity b) apprehension c) complete gratification d) reserved acceptance
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C – complete gratification
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A contingent is a(n): a) embargo b) troop c) tradition d) business
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B – troop
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If a motion is perceptible, it is: a) imposing b) ambiguous c) sneaky d) noticeable
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D – noticeable

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