ushistoryexamsemester2

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The term Gilded Age refers specifically to a time when:
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shallow worship of wealth and sharp social divisions existed.
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After 1870:
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…American inventiveness and technological progress flourished.
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An effect of the rise of corporations in America was:
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…a stimulation of capital investment and technological advance.
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One disadvantage for American workers of the rise of corporations was:
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…corporations now controlled the conditions and nature of work.
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Upton Sinclair‟s The Jungle focused on the problems of what industry?
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meat packaging on the field
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The workplace of the late 1800s included all of the following conditions except:
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…a safe and healthy environment.
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The purpose of the settlement house movement was to:
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…help the working poor by providing education and social services, and community reconstruction
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The Great Uprising of 1877 was a general strike against the nation’s:
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…railway companies
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The American Federation of Labor emphasized the tactic of:
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…collective bargaining
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Which statement would most likely have been said by a nativist?
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…”The nation‟s purity is being ruined by Catholics and undesirable foreigners.”
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The American Protective Association focused specifically on:
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…limiting the civil rights of Catholic Americans
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The term “Great Migration” refers to the
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…mass movement of American blacks from the rural South to the urban North.
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Stereotypes of blacks were reinforced:
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…by portrayals of blacks in vaudeville and film.
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the Central Pacific Railroad company relied heavily on the low-paid, hard work done by:
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…Chinese immigrants
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Which statement best describes the cultures of the tribes that lived throughout the West?
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…A wide spectrum of tribes had successfully adapted their lives to a variety of environments
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What event in 1848 started a huge influx of whites into Indian territory?
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…the discovery of gold in Indian territories
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The leader of the Sand Creek Massacre, John Chivington, was:
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…Methodist minister.
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The second Treaty of Fort Laramie
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…required the United States to abandon routes traveling through Sioux territory.
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Which statement about the Sand Creek Massacre is not true?
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…The fighting began when Indians attacked a mining town.
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Whites destroyed the buffalo herds for all of the following reasons except:
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…the government believed the Indians would survive better with fewer buffalo
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An American force commanded by George A. Custer was overwhelmed during the
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…Battle of the Little Bighorn
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The Sioux were finally defeated:
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…because it was difficult for them to sustain their traditional Indian economy.
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It took 5,000 U.S. troops to capture 36 Apaches led by:
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…Geronimo
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What happened at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1890?
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…At least 150 Sioux men, women, and children were slaughtered
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All of the following statements about the Cattle Kingdom are true except:
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…large-scale capital investment was not a major part of the Cattle Kingdom‟s growth.
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The Homestead Act:
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…guaranteed free acres of land to citizens who farmed the land for five years.
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The third party with the greatest importance in the late nineteenth century was the ___________ Party
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…Populist
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The word suffrage is synonymous with the right to:
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…vote
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The leader of the Women‟s Christian Temperance union argued that:
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…alcohol abuse was a result of poverty and social disorder.
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In 1888 Lord James Bryce said the most important reason for the mediocrity of American presidents was
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…America‟s loyal political parties
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The Sherman Antitrust Act:
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…failed to stop the unfettered growth of large corporations
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Throughout the 1890s, Supreme Court decisions tended to:
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…support the powers of big business.
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The “progressive movement” was driven by:
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general belief that moderate reforms were needed to help end social disorder.
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After the depression of the mid-1890s, a majority of Americans began to:
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feel that new measures were needed to promote social progress.
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All of the following are true about working conditions in the early 1900s except:
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industrialists refused to resort to the subdivision of labor
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Americans of “Old Stock” sometimes disliked new immigrants because:
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they viewed predominantly Catholic and Jewish immigrants as threats to social stability.
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Prohibition went into effect in
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1920.
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The Nineteenth Amendment
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gave women the right to vote.
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Major focuses of Theodore Roosevelt‟s presidency included all of the following except:
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using subsidies to bolster the failing Standard Oil Company
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Roosevelt‟s accomplishments as president included all of the following except:
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promoting an amendment to establish an income tax.
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Which statement best describes Woodrow Wilson‟s style as president?
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He built upon Roosevelt‟s model of strong executive authority
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Rationales for imperialism in the era 1890-1910 included all of the following ideas except:
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…the United States needed a vast buffer zone to offset communist expansionism
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The primary goal of the American government‟s imperialistic policies was:
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…commercial expansion
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The American government used all of the following methods to take control of Hawaii except:
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…enlisting the help of Great Britain and France in establishing imperial control
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Before the Spanish-American War, the yellow press:
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…used sensationalism to stir up war fever.
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Popular anger against Spain was ignited by:
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…the destruction of the U.S. ship, the Maine
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The Teller Amendment
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…called for Cuban self-government.
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The crucial role in capturing San Juan Hill was played by:
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…the 10th Negro Cavalry.
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As a result of the Spanish-American War:
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…William McKinley expressed the desire to acquire the Philippines.
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Which of the following was NOT acquired by the United States as a result of the Spanish-American War?
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…Midway Islands
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All of the following are true about America‟s presence in Puerto Rico except:
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…the Supreme Court ruled that Puerto Rico deserved the right to statehood
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The Roosevelt Corollary was seen by Theodore Roosevelt as:
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…logical extension of the Monroe Doctrine.
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Which statement about Woodrow Wilson‟s foreign policy is true?
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…Despite campaign claims, Wilson ended up aggressively using interventionism
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Woodrow Wilson took all of the following actions in Mexico except:
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…signing an agreement of friendship with Porfirio Diaz.
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Which statement about Pancho Villa is not true?
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…He had little impact on U.S. foreign policy in Mexico
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In August of 1914, as war erupted in Europe, most Americans:
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…felt that America should maintain a neutral role in the conflict.
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All of the following nations belonged to the Central Powers except:
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…Japan
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All of the following statements about the sinking of the Lusitania are true except:
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…it led to the immediate American involvement in the Great War.
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President Wilson‟s response to the sinking of the Lusitania:
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…included the president‟s assertive demand that Germany end its submarine warfare
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A policy of war preparedness was advocated by:
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…Theodore Roosevelt
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In January 1917, President Wilson outlined a “new world order” in which:
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…self-determination would be the foundation of world relations.
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What happened only two weeks before America‟s declaration of war against Germany?
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…German submarines sank four American freighters. d. The War Industries Board was approved by
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The National War Labor Board accomplished all of the following goals except:
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…keeping wages ahead of inflation
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The women‟s suffrage movement in America ________________ during World War I.
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…made major gains
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Which statement about the American military in World War I is not true?
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…African Americans were not allowed to join either the army or navy.
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The leader of the American Expeditionary Force was:
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…John Pershing.
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Which statement about the Battle of Argonne Forest is true?
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…The massive Allied assault led to the most decisive victory in the war
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Major aspects of President Wilson‟s Fourteen Points included all of the following except:
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…promotion of regulated international trade
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Postwar society in America was plagued by all of the following problems except:
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…a recession caused by huge wage increases.
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The Red Scare was caused by all of the following factors except:
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…Lenin‟s open threats of toppling the U.S. empire
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Which event happened last?
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…Women were given the right to vote in a constitutional amendment
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Which statement about industry in the 1920s is not true?
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Businesses rejected any implementation of Taylor‟s scientific management.
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The main force behind the 1920s economy was
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…automobile production.
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All of the following were aspects of the open shop campaign except:
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…the extension of collective bargaining rights for unskilled laborers
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Proponents of welfare capitalism believed that:
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…corporations could undercut unions by providing certain benefits.
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The Republican presidents of the 1920s:
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…emphasized the importance of business interests.
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Which statement about living patterns in the 1920s is not true?
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…The majority of Americans still lived in rural areas.
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Blacks migrated to the urban North for all of the following reasons except:
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…racial discrimination was not a part of life in the North
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Effects of the Great Migration included all of the following except:
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…ending housing and job discrimination in the North
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The Harlem Renaissance:
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…featured some of the greatest literature, music, and visual art of the era.
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Charles Lindbergh became a celebrity when he:
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…became the first pilot to fly a plane across the Atlantic.
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Which statement about the Ku Klux Klan is not true?
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…The Ku Klux Klan‟s membership was restricted to whites of any ethnic background.
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What would be the only group viewed favorably by the Ku Klux Klan?
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…German Protestants
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Nativists promoted:
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…restricting immigration of people who were not Anglo-Saxon
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The most ominous trend of the 1920s was:
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…the uneven distribution of wealth that existed beneath apparent prosperity.
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What is the correct order of presidential succession?
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…Harding, Coolidge, Hoover
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Which headline would have appeared in 1927?
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…”Lindbergh Greeted in France by Roaring Crowd”
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What occurred on “Black Tuesday”?
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…A stock market crash wiped all the gains of the previous year
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The Wall Street crash:
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…marked the beginning of the depression, but did not cause it.
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All of the following were causes of the Great Depression except
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…a drop in agricultural production in the mid-1920s.
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In the first years of the depression, personal income:
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…dropped by more than half
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Which statement about women during the depression is not true?
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…Firing women usually opened up more job opportunities for men.
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The Great Depression affected Germany in all of the following ways, except
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…it slowed the rise of Adolph Hitler to power.
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Franklin Roosevelt defeated Herbert Hoover in 1932 for all of the following reasons except:
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…Roosevelt had announced the specifics of his New Deal package of legislation
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“The 100 Days” refers to:
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…the active first three months of FDR‟s first term of office.
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Franklin Roosevelt‟s first goal as president was to:
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…strengthen the faltering bank industry.
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The plight of American farmers during the depression was magnified by:
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…evastating droughts and dust storms throughout the 1930s.
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The Social Security Act:
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…established federal responsibility in providing social welfare.
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All of the following statements about Eleanor Roosevelt are true except:
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…despite her active role, she did not become involved in lobbying Congress.
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A significant shift in voting demographics occurred in the 1930s when:
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…blacks shifted their loyalties from the Republicans to the Democrats
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In the early 1930s, Hitler established this type of government in Germany
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fascist
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The earliest Fascist aggression took place when
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…Japan launched a brutal invasion of China
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Which is the correct trio of Axis Powers in World War II?
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…Germany, Japan, Italy
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Germany‟s invasion of _________ on September 1, 1939 marked the start of World War II.
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…Poland
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Nazi aggression finally was stalled in 1940 and early 1941 when:
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…England steadfastly resisted the Nazis in the Battle of Britain.
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FDR‟s “lend-lease” program allowed:
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Britain to borrow military equipment from the United States
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Which statement about Pearl Harbor is true?
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More than 2,000 Americans were killed in the surprise Japanese attack
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The first check to Japanese expansion came at the Battle of the Coral Sea when:
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U.S. aircraft carriers halted a Japanese advance toward Australia
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Which statement about American support for World War II is true?
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The support for the war unified Americans across regional, national, and class divisions
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The Manhattan Project was the code name for:
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the project to develop the atomic bomb
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What prompted J. Robert Oppenheimer to say, “Now I am become death”?
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Seeing a nuclear fission bomb tested for the first time
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All of the following statements about women workers on the home front are true except:
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the percentage of women working in manufacturing jobs did not increase
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After the fall of Mussolini:
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bitter fighting for the control of Italy took place between the Allies and Germany
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“Operation OVERLORD” was the code name for the:
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D-Day invasion
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The purpose of the D-Day invasion was to:
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…liberate France from German control.
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Which statement about the Holocaust is not true?
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…Jews and Poles were the only people killed in Nazi death camps.
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Japan surrendered to the United States:
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…after the United States dropped a second atomic bomb.
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The popular film The Best Years of Our Lives reflected Americans‟:
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desire to stabilize and prosper during the years after the war.
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Civil rights reforms enacted by the Truman administration included:
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desegregation of the armed forces.
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The courageous athlete who broke the “color line” in major league baseball was:
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Jackie Robinson
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Aspects of the Democratic Party‟s “vital center” from 1948 to 1968 did not include:
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showing wide tolerance toward communist ideology
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Harry Truman‟s successful campaign of 1948 featured all of the following except:
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sophisticated use of television in televised debates
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The period 1946-1950 began a 40-year era of:
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rivalry with communism and the Soviet Union.
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The main purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to:
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contain communism by not letting it spread to other nations.
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A major effect of the Marshall Plan was:
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a strengthening of the economic relationship between the United States and western Europe.
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The United States and other Western nations responded to the Berlin blockade by:
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airlifting supplies into the isolated city.
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Which statement about the role of possible atomic war in the 1950s is not true?
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The United States-U.S.S.R. rivalry did not threaten the safety of western Europe
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The world was brought to the brink of World War III surrounding a civil war in:
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Korea.
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Effects of the Korean War included all of the following except
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the Soviet Union became once again convinced of the United States‟ military invulnerability
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All of the following statements about the Second Red Scare are true except:
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Democrats used the scare to discredit Dwight Eisenhower‟s political coalition.
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A key to Dwight Eisenhower‟s political success was his:
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positive image with both liberals and conservatives.
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The Eisenhower administration used “New Deal-style” government spending in modernizing:
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national highway system.
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During the Eisenhower administration, official American policy for a Soviet attack on western Europe called for
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massive nuclear retaliation against the USSR
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Effects of the Soviet Union‟s launching of Sputnik included all of the following except:
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many Americans believed that Sputnik‟s inferior quality revealed American superiority
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John Kennedy‟s New Frontier focused on
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creating a new era of scientific and social progress.
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In the incident at the Bay of Pigs, the United States:
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failed to overthrow Fidel Castro with a C.I.A.-backed invasion.
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The Cuban Missile Crisis began when:
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the United States discovered that the U.S.S.R. was installing offensive nuclear weapons in Cuba.
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President Kennedy‟s main strategy in dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis was:
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imposing a naval blockade around Cuba until the crisis was resolved
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In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that:
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segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
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In Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957
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federal troops ensured the safety of black students from angry white mobs
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The young, charismatic leader of the successful Montgomery bus strike was:
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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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The Freedom Riders
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challenged segregation of interstate bus terminals.
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In 1963, many Americans were sickened by
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violence committed by authorities against civil rights activists in Birmingham, Alabama
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Which statement about the March on Washington of 1963 is not true?
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It began a period of uninterrupted unity within the civil rights movement.
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During the Freedom Summer:
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black and white activists registered black voters in Mississippi.
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Prior to the Voting Rights Act of 1965:
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the vast majority of blacks in the South were denied the right to vote.
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The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution:
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gave President Johnson the power to wage undeclared war in Vietnam
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Effects of the Vietnam War included the:
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erosion of the nation‟s confidence in its government
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Millions of young people in the second half of the 1960s expressed their alienation from American society by sampling drugs or chasing the rainbow of a youth culture; this is referred to as:
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counterculture
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The growth of the “Woodstock Generation” in the 1960s revealed that:
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a feeling of alienation existed within American society.
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The phrase “Black Power” was connected to all of the following except:
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the emphasis of Christian love in civil-rights strategies.
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Malcolm X was assassinated by rivals within the Black Muslims after he:
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began to consider limited acceptance of white culture.
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All of the following statements about the Black Panthers are true except:
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they focused entirely on national rather than local goals
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All of the following statements are true about the American Indian Movement except
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the organization refused to ally itself with other Indian groups.
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The impact of the Tet Offensive was magnified by all of the following facts except
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the permanent loss of Saigon due to the Viet Cong‟s surprise offensive.
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In the wake of the Tet crisis
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advisers told Lyndon Johnson that the war was not winnable in traditional American terms.
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Which two men were assassinated within months of each other in 1968?
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Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.
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The development of the Weather Underground was indicative of:
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a split within the New Left‟s strategy of civil disobedience.
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Four students were killed by the National Guard at Kent State University during a protest of:
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American bombing of Cambodia.
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Troubling aspects of the Watergate scandal included all of the following except:
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John Dean‟s refusal to tell the truth at Senate hearings.
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The Pentagon Papers detailed American military involvement in
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Vietnam.
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Jimmy Carter‟s presidency was troubled by all of the following except:
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a lack of idealism and vision.
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Former president ______________ won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002
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Jimmy Carter
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Ronald Reagan won the election of 1980 because
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Americans felt threatened by political and economic forces they couldn‟t control.
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In its first term, the Reagan administration did all of the following, except
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increase federal funds for school lunches.
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The Economic Recovery and Tax Act of 1981 did all of the following things except:
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provide more funds for social welfare programs.
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One effect of deregulation was:
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the destruction and bail-out of the savings and loan industry
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Which statement about the American poor is true?
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In the 1980s, there was an increase in the number of Americans living in poverty
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Evidence of a renewed Cold War in the 1980s included all of the following except:
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the American public‟s belief that the government had been infiltrated by Communists.
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Which statement about the Iran-Contra affair is not true?
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President Reagan and Vice President George Bush were unaware of any wrongdoings.
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President Bush‟s call for U.S. military involvement in the Persian Gulf came when
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Iraq invaded Kuwait and gained control of its oil production
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Outcomes of the Persian Gulf War included all of the following except
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the toppling of Saddam Hussein from power.
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Title IX of the Education Amendments (1972) forbade discrimination by gender
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in all educational programs receiving federal aid.
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In what year did communism collapse in eastern Europe?
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1989
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This event ended a decade of prosperity at home and complacency about the place of the United States
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The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001
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Which of the following was not one of the promises Bill Clinton made in this campaign of 1992?
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To make a return to “family values”
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The outcome of the budget wars in 1995 and 1996:
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revealed that centrist solutions were preferred by most Americans.
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What happened to unemployment between the years 1992 and 2000?
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It dropped from 7.2 percent to 4 percent.
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Supporters of the North American Free Trade Agreement include:
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professional businesses that want foreign customers.
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The first woman named to the Supreme Court was:
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Sandra Day O‟Connor
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In supporting political ideals, women often show that they are especially concerned with:
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practical problems of schools and neighborhoods.
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Despite holding a lead in the popular vote, Al Gore needed this state to secure the electoral votes and the White House.
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Florida
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Who decided the election of 2000?
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The Supreme Court
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In the aftermath of the 2000 election, President George W. Bush pursued ______________ on domestic issues.
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a strong shift to the right
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George W. Bush‟s tax cuts
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caused huge federal budget deficits.
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Vice president Dick Cheney developed the George W. Bush administration‟s energy policy in consultation with
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energy companies.
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The September 11 terrorist attacks are often compared to:
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the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
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In the aftermath of the 9-11-01 attacks, the United States ousted the Taliban regime in
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Afghanistan.
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American policy toward Israel and the Palestinians includes all of the following, except
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creating a Palestinian state in southern Lebanon.
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Prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, George W. Bush focused primarily on Iraq‟s
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supposed possession of weapons of mass destruction.
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In what year did the United States send troops to Bosnia?
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1995

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