US History, Unit 7, WW2

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Adolf Hitler
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George Patton
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Benito Mussolini
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Josef Stalin
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Winston Churchill
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Franklin Roosevelt
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Dwight D. Eisenhower
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Hideki Tojo
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He founded Italy’s Fascist Party
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Benito Mussolini
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He was the dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII
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Joseph Stalin
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Pilots that would deliberately crash their planes into Ships
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Kamikaze
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German government’s secret police
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Gestapo/S.S.
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Policy of making concessions in exchange for Peace with Nazi Germany
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Appeasement
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Limiting the purchase of a variety of products
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Rationing
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This government organization regulated prices on a variety of products to curb inflation
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Office of Price Administration
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A resource rich region in Northern China
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Manchuria
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An organization that believed in America being an Isolationist nation
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America First Committee
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A government program to bring Mexican Americans to the United States to work on farms
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Bracero Program
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He was a native Austrian who has fought for Germany in World War 1.
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Adolf Hitler
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The Nye Committee’s findings in the Merchant of Death turned many Americans towards ___________.
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Isolationism
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What country/area did the Nazi’s acuire during appeasement?
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The Sudetenland/Czechoslovakia
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4. This was a new type of warfare that the Germans used to run through France and Poland in the early parts of WWII.
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Blitzkrieg
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Hitler attacked the civilians in London during the Battle of Britain, what was his reasoning for doing this?
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He wanted to terrorize the British people into surrendering
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What did the Nazi’s establish to help them with the “Final Solution”.
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Concentration Camps
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Operation Overlord is more commonly known as__________.
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D-Day
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What country took blame for World War I and went into a great depression?
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Germany
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The Battle of Stalingrad was a turning point in World War II. Which country won?
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The Soviet Union
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What years was World War II fought?
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1939-1945
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V-E Day or May 8, 1945 was the day when
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Germany surrendered
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Japanese Americans were subjected to____ during the war
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Internment
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What are the causes of World War II?
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The Treaty of Versailles, The Great Depression, The Rise of Dictators
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What two countries declared war on Germany when Hitler invaded Poland in 1939?
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Britain and France
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What was Adolf Hitler first public act against the Jewish people?
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Kristallnacht
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Where were the atomic bombs dropped?
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Hiroshima and Nagasaki
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Which of the following did Germany agree to in order to avoid fighting a two-front war?
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Non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union
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This day, 6-6-1944, marked the greatest amphibious invasion of Nazi-controlled Europe by Americans, British, & Canadian forces on the coast of France:
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D-Day
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December 7, 1941 is the date of:
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The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
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In which nation were the Nuremberg Laws passed to restrict the rights of Jewish people?
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Germany
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Which of the following did Winston Churchill oppose, and led to the downfall of PM Chamberlain?
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The Munich Pact
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Who was the Supreme Commander of US forces in Europe:
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Eisenhower
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What did the Selective Service System oversee?
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The drafting of Soldiers
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In 1940, Congress boosted defense spending and created the first peacetime one of these in the history of the US in fear if Germany’s aggression.
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Draft
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This British prime minister signed the Munich Pact:
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Neville Chamberlain
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This nation won the Battle of Britain:
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Britain
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This country invaded Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg:
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Germany
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The Battle of the Bulge was significant because it marked the:
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The Last German Offensive
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Which nations came to be known as the Axis powers after they signed a mutual defense treaty in 1940?
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Germany, Japan, and Italy
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The official start of WWII began with the invasion of
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Poland
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In response to Japanese aggression in Southeast Asia in mid-1941, the US:
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Cut Oil Supplies to Japan
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The Nazis practiced genocide, which is the:
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Deliberate extermination of a specific group of people
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In 1941, the _____ passed, allowing the president to lend or lease arms and other supplies to “any country whose defense was vital to the U.S.”
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Lend-Lease Act
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Altogether, approximately how many people died in the Holocaust?
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11,000,000
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What was the name of the group that keep American troop and supply movement secret from the Nazis? Which one does NOT belong?
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Navajo Code Talkers
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Who became president when FDR died in office?
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Harry S. Truman
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The German blitzkrieg was a military strategy that depended on:
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Surprise, overwhelming force
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What were civilian grown gardens to help with the national food source for the war efforts called?
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Victory Gardens
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What was the name of the African American pilot group that protected bomber units over Europe?
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Tuskegee Airmen
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The War Production Board had the authority to set priorities and production goals and controlled the distribution of raw materials and supplies. True or False
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True
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The “Double-V” campaign urged African Americans to support the war to achieve a victory over Hitler’s racism and the racism at home. True or False
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True
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At the Miracle of Dunkirk millions of dollars worth of equipment was saved from France and taken to Great Britain. True or False
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False
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Much of Hollywood did not support the war effort and made anti-war films. True or False
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False
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During the war, the unemployment rate fell dramatically. True or False
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True
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The purpose of the Manhattan Project was to design and build the atomic bomb. True or False
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True
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At the Yalta Conference, Hitler, Mussolini, and Tojo met to begin planning for the postwar world. True or False
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False
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Atomic bombs were dropped on the cities of Nagasaki and Tokyo. True or False
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False
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The term Nisei refers to Japanese Americans who were born in the US, of immigrant parents. True or False
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True
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The final decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan was made by J. Robert Oppenheimer. True or False
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False
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The Office of war information created propaganda to sell the war effort to the American people. True or False
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True
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The Allied Commander over the Pacific Theater was Douglas MacArthur. True or False
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True
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The relatively easy conquest of Iwo Jima and Okinawa by naval and marine forces indicated that the Japanese military had nearly lost the means and will to resist. True or False
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False
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The United States, Great Britain, and France were all part of the Allied power in WW2 at the end of the war. True or False
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False

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