US History 1 Final exam study guide

reason immigrants opposed slavery
represented unfair labor competition

Dred Scot decision
slaves were viewed as property not citizens

California state constitution’s position on slavery
outlawed slavery

aspects of the Fugitive Slave Act
-fugitives were not allowed to testify on their own behalf
-anyone convicted of helping a runaway slave was fined and jailed
-fugitives were not entitled to a trial by jury

aspects of the Compromise of 1850
-California admitted as a free state
-Popular Sovereignty for Utah and New Mexico
-more effective Fugitive Slave Laws

political results of American Civil War
gave gov’t supreme national authority

significance of the Kansas Nebraska Act
repealed the Missouri Compromise

site where Lee formally surrendered to Grant
Appomattox Court House

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goal of the creation of the Republican Party
to stop the expansion of slavery in the new territories

Gettysburg address was ______days and the _____won.
3 days and the North won

What significant event happened at Harpers Ferry
John Brown took the arsenal to start a slave revolt

Causes for food shortages in the south during the Civil War
-drain on man power
-union occupation of food growing areas
-the loss of slaves to work the fields

Military strategy for the Confederacy during the Civil War
have a long lasting war and gradually wear down the Union’s will to fight

What was the result of the Emancipation Proclamation
free all slaves living in states that were in rebellion

result of the Battle of Shiloh
opened the eyes to the public on how terrible this war was

what was significant about the presidential election of 1860
Lincoln won due to division of the Democratic Party

Significance of the Presidential election of 1796
John Adams won and it revealed sectionalism developing in America

What was the start of the Civil War
Confederate attack Fort Sumter

Significance of the District of Columbia
the cite of new capital of America to appease the southerners

How did the south win the Seven Day Battle
by out maneuvering the North

What was the initial reason for the Bank of the United States
created to hand tax receipts and other government funds

What was significant about the Battle of Vicksburg
last confederate stronghold on the Mississippi river and the Union won

What was a result of the Judiciary Act of 1789
set up 3 federal courts and 13 district courts

Military results of the Civil War
-the rifle and mini ball
-primitive hand grenades
-ironclads were developed

result of the “Great Compromise”
created a bicameral system

Articles of Confederation gave states how many seats in Congress
each state only would receive one seat in Congress

what was the initial plan of the Constitutional Convention of 1787
address the issue of trade and other national concerns

result of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
set the requirements and process for territories to become a state in the Union

Requirements to become a state in the Union
-Congress appoints a territory Governor and judges
-over 60,000 voting residents in the territory meant you could write a constitution
-over 5,000 voting residents the territory could elect their own local government officials

result of the XYZ affair
allow the Americans to meet with foreign minister Telleyrand

Early factories that developed in America allowed….
unskilled workers the ability to create/make goods that skilled workers could produce

Accomplishment of the Alien and Sedition Acts
meet the growing concern for foreign radicals in America

A goal of the Spoils System
to prevent office holders from becoming inefficient and corrupt

a result of the Presidential Election of 1800
caused the creation of the 12th amendment

a reason for the Monroe Doctrine
prevent any European powers from expanding into North America

a goal of Midnight Judges
to increase the number of federal judges

Nationalism
interests of national unity should be placed ahead of all regional concerns

result of the famous “duel”
Aaron Burr shot and killed Alexander Hamilton

result of the Industrial Revolution
-the world saw the replacement of hand tools by machines

reason America was ideal place for Industrial Revolution
-coal
-rushing rivers
-iron ore

the result of the Supreme Court Case Marbury vs. Madison
established Judicial Review

result of the Whiskey Rebellion
gov’t showed it had control over domestic affairs by stopping the rebellion

accomplished in the Louisiana Purchase
America bought land from France

Limitations with the original Constitution
-didn’t apply to slaves
-didn’t mention women and all
-didn’t address discrimination issues with minorities in America

Causes for the build up to the War of 1812
-Britain and France already at war
-both Britain and France were imposing blockades against America
-British practice of impressement

Causes for US settlers to go to Texas
help protect against border violations

item that came from America to Europe in the Columbian Exchange
corn

Factor that caused Mexico to lose the war to America in 1846
Mexico had inferior military leaders

Difference in slavery in the northern colonies compared to the southern colonies
north slaves did have some legal standing

purpose of the “pet banks”
eliminate the Bank of the United States

difference between New England farms and southern colonial farms
New England farms produced several different cash crops

result of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848
Suffrage

reason the indentured servant numbers declined
reports of hardship in the new world spread back to Europe

Purpose of the Erie Canal
link the Hudson River to Lake Erie

This caused t he Chesapeake Region to grow in the 1700s
growth exports

result of the Missouri Compromise of 1820
Maine entered the Union as a free state

Ways Christopher Columbus was heroic and historic
-found America
-opened the Columbian Exchange
-proved the world wasn’t flat

Ways Christopher Columbus was horrific and a true injustice
-stole gold and silver
-enslaved and mass genocide to the natives in America
-stole land from the natives in America

characteristic of Jacksonians
majority of the party consisted of the middle class

why did Jamestown struggle
because their own/main focus was finding gold and silver

Things given to indentured servants
-food
-shelter
-free passage to America

problems for the American colonies after the French Indian War
-England tried to force the colonies to pay off the war debt
-England wanted to maintain troops in America
-England tried using writs of assistance to stop smuggling

significant fact about the Battle of New York
first battle where British General Howe and Washington faced off

Unique fact about the New Netherlands
it was settled by the Dutch and had a very diverse ethnic population

Patriot
colonial who supported independence from Britain

results of the Navigation Acts
-helped England control the colonies exports

Olive Branch Petition
document sent from the colonies to Britain asking to return to harmony between the colonies and the King

what was unique about the “Glorious Revolution”
no blood was shed

The cause of the American Revolutionary War
British troops trying to seize ammunition from colonials in Concord

cause of the French and Indian War
started because the French were building a fort in an area that was promised to English colonial farmers

what caused the tide to turn in the French Indian War
William Pitt began to fund the war effort

one goal of the First Continental Congress
lay out their right to run their own affairs

outcomes of Mercantilism
-become self-sufficient
-not depend on other nations for goods
-create military alliances to protect the economy

Cause of the Boston Tea Party
Britain allowing the East India Company to sell tea to the colonies directly

the result of the Treaty of Paris ending the French and Indian War
England got all the land east of the Mississippi River

Animal that came to America from Europe in the Columbian Exchange
horse

reason for the Stamp Act
help pay off war debt

Townshend Acts
indirect taxes or duties placed on imports

significance of the Battle of Cowpens
Morgan defeated Tarleton and was the most shocking victories for the Continental army in the whole war

Criticism of Common Sense
the kings treatment of the colonies

result of the Treaty of Paris
-confirmed Americas independence
-set the boundaries of the new nation
-allowed British to collect debts owed to them

The turning point of the Yorktown Battle
French navy was able to take control of the Chesapeake Bay

Loyalist
a colonial who remained loyal to the crown of England

significance of the Stamp Act protest
first time the colonies began to act as one

What started the Boston Massacre
men fighting for jobs in the shipyards

Goal of the Intolerable Acts
single out Massachusetts and detour any other acts against Britain

result of the Second Continental Congress meeting in May of 1775
began printing money to pay the soldiers

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