US CONSTITUTION TEST REVIEW

Flashcard maker : Sam Arent
Constitution
The Supreme Law of the Land
President
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces
Vice President
Who is the President of the Senate?
2 years
What is the term length of a member of the House?
4 years
What is the term length for the President?
Life or Good Behavior
What is the term length of a Supreme Court Justice?
6 years
What is the term length of a senator?
President Pro Temp
Who is the substitute for the President of the Senate when he is not present?
Sign it. Veto it. Pocket Veto. Let it sit 10 days.
What are 4 things that can happen to a bill once it reaches the President?
26th Amendment
Lowered the voting age to 18
13th Amendment
Abolished Slavery
15th Amendment
Right to vote for all races
14th Amendment
Equal Protection under the law
Everyone born in the U.S. is a citizen
Vice President
Takes over if the President dies or is unable to work
Speaker of the House
Takes over if the President AND VP die or are unable to work, presides over the house
President Pro Temp of the Senate
Takes over if the President, VP, and Speaker die or are unable to work
Secretary of State
Takes over if the President, VP, Speaker, and President Pro Temp die or are unable to work
Supremacy clause
states that federal law is superior to state law
Make Law
Job of the Legislative Branch
Enforce Law
Job of the Executive Branch
Interpret Law
Job of the Judicial Branch
435
How many people are in the House?
100
How many people are in the Senate?
Representation based on population
How is representation decided in the House?
Equal representation
How is representation decided in the senate?
Protect individual liberties
What was the purpose of adding the first 10 amendments to the Constitution?
President is Commander and Chief
What executive branch power would be violated if Congress forbid the President from making a military appointment?
Checks and Balances
What principle of the Constitution exists to ensure no 1 branch becomes too powerful?
Equal Representation in the Senate
What part of the great compromise benefits states with small populations?
the 27 changes or amendments
What shows the Constitution is a living document?
Coin Money Declare War Make Treaties
What are 3 exclusive powers that are denied to states?
Voting
What is an example of popular sovereignty?
30
How old do you have to be to be in the Senate?
25
How old do you have to be to be in the House?
35
How old do you have to be to be the President?
Judicial Review
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
Elastic Clause
clause that gives congress the right to make all laws \”necessary and proper\” to carry out its powers
Supremacy Clause
Statement in Article VI stating that the Constitution shall be the Supreme Law of the Land
Due Process
5th Amendment Principle stating that government must follow procedures in trials
13th Amendment
Outlawed Slavery
19th Amendment
Women’s Suffrage
22nd Amendment
Limited the President to 2 terms or 10 years in office
2nd Amendment
Right to keep and bear arms
15th Amendment
All races can vote
4th Amendment
Protects from unreasonable searches and seizures
8th Amendment
Protects the people from cruel and unusual punishment
1st Amendment
Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, Assembly, and Petition
25th Amendment
Presidential Succession
5th Amendment
Protection from Self-Inrimination
1789
The year the Constitution took effect
7
The number of articles there are int he constitution
27
the number of amendments in the constitution
10yrs
the max amount of years a president may serve due to succession/vacancy
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments
President
Head of the Executive Branch
electoral College
the process for choosing a the US President
census
population count taken every 10yrs
The president has 4 options when receiving a bill
1. veto it
2. sign it
3. ignore it
4. pocket veto it
implied powers
stretched to fit the needs of the changing constitution. Not directly in the constitution
expressed powers
are directly stated in the constitution
Conference Committee
made up of both houses and their purpose is to reach a compromise on a bill in order to help it become a law
unicameral
single legislature
bicameral
2 house legislature
standing committee
permeant working groups in both the house and the Senate that work to help a bill to become a law
term
time an official serves in office
roll call vote
each member of the house and senate answers \”yes or No\” to a vote
Marbury vs Madison
established Judicial Review
Plessy v Ferguson
Separate but equal is justifiable
Brown v Board of Education
reversed Plessy v Ferguson , separate but equal is not justifiable
Dredd Scott v Sanford
Slaves are property, once a slave always a slave,
Miranda V Arizona
established due process of ones rights
McCulloch v Maryland
Supremacy Clause

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