Unit 9 AP World History Essay

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How did the American Revolution influence the Haitian Revolution?
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By giving gens de couleur an opportunity to fight for freedom
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Who led the Haitian Revolution?
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Toussaint L’Ouverture
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What were the decisions made at the Congress of Vienna designed to do?
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Restore the status quo
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Which led to revolution in Latin America in the early nineteenth century?
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Criollo frustration over the control of Peninsulares
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Which is NOT a way the Napoleonic Wars inspired nationalism?
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By contributing to the spread of conservative ideals
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Who came to power in France as a result of the revolution of 1848?
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Napoleon III
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Which was NOT an underlying cause of the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 in Europe?
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Abolitionism
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Which occurred in France but NOT in Britain as each country progressed toward greater democracy in the nineteenth century?
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Violent revolutions
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Which problem in Britain’s system of representative government was addressed during the period of reform in the nineteenth century?
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Unfair representation based on population
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Which resulted from the Reform Bills passed in Britain in the nineteenth century?
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expansion of voting rights for men
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Which member of Parliament introduced resolutions calling for the end of the salve trade?
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William Wilberforce
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How did Mary Wollstonecraft critique the limits of revolutionary ideals in her essay “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman”?
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She claimed that Locke’s natural rights belonged to women as well as men
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Which former slave gave a famous anti-slavery speech in which he called the Fourth of July celebration a “hollow mockery”?
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Frederick Douglass
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Who wrote a best-selling anti-slavery book about his experience as a slave in the west Indies, Virginia, and Pennsylvania?
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Olaudah Equiano
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Which became the major commodity exported from West Africa following the end of the slave trade?
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Palm oil
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Which was the main goal of Zionism?
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A national state in Palestine
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Which was accomplished by the First Zionist Congress?
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Development of a platform
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Which best describes the change nationalism underwent during the nineteenth century?
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Grew more political
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Which was NOT an effect of Antisemitism in the nineteenth century?
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The spread of nationalism
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Which did the Grimms think gives most insight to the shared of a national group?
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Folktales
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Who is most closely associated with the unification of Germany?
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Bismark
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Which best describes the unification of Italy?
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Established an Italian monarchy under the king of Piedmont-Sardinia
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Which best describes the effect of migration in the 1800s?
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Cities grew more crowded
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Which best describes the unification of Germany?
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Manufactured by Prussia
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Which best describes migration patterns in the nineteenth century?
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Changes in agriculture drove people to move to industrial cities
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Which best describes an argument made by socialists against industrialization?
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Capitalism leads to the unequal distribution of wealth
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Which inventions helped the Industrial Revolution progress beyond the textile industry?
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Steam engine, locomotive, and telegraph
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Which was a foundation of the Industrial Revolution?
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The financial system and entrepreneurialism of Great Britain
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Which was NOT an invention that fueled the Industrial Revolution?
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Astrolabe
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Which was an inherent feature of the factory system?
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Mass production
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Which was a contribution made by Eli Whitney?
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Interchangeable parts
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How did John Rockefeller contribute to the Industrial Revolution?
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By creating a monopoly in the oil industry
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Which is a component of industrial capitalism?
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Investment banks
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Which is NOT a component of the “Fruits of Industry”?
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Air quality
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Which is NOT a reason that the Industrial Revolution began in England?
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Lack of any agricultural industry
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Which best describes the gender-specific social group that emerged during the Industrial Revolution?
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Isolated and often lonely homemakers who were limited to the domestic space
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Which is an argument made by Marx and Engels?
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Human history is defined by the struggle between classes
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Which was a major purpose behind Britain’s Cotton Factories Regulation Act?
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Establish a minimum working age
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Which was NOT a socialist critique of industrial capitalism?
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Innovation is curtailed when people pursue self interests
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Which describes the impact of urbanization during the early part of the Industrial Revolution?
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Cities grew crowded and unhealthy
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Which best explains how Western nations dominated less-developed regions in the Industrial Age?
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By using economic leverage and military intimidation to open foreign markets to Western products
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Which was NOT a global effect of Industrialization?
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End to the inequitable system of dependent economies
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Which best describes industrialization in England and Japan?
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Both countries utilized their industrial output to build modern weapons of warfare
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Which statement best compares middle-class and lower-class women during the Industrial Revolution?
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Middle-class women adhered to the cult of domesticity more than lower-class women who often worked outside the home
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Which best describes the roles of lower-c;ass and middle-class women in the Industrial Age?
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Middle-class women had fewer job opportunities than lower-class women
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How did the Durham Report of 1839 help lead to Canadian independence?
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It argued for increasing the power or provincial assemblies
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Which cultural factor aided Canada in protecting itself from U.S. influence?
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Canada, unlike the United States, remained within the cultural and political orbit of Great Britain
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In which area of life did British Canadians and French Canadians in the late nineteenth century NOT differ?
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Citizenship rights
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Which was a result of westward expansion in the United States?
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The spread of agriculture and industry led to environmental damage
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How was the U.S. Civil War a significant factor in that country’s future as a world power?
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By keeping the nation united and large, the war ensured the future strength of the United States
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How were the janissaries a cause of the decline of the Ottoman Empire?
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The janissaries blocked efforts to upgrade other sections of the military in order to maintain their own power
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Which describes the impact of the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad on Russia?
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The railroad opened eastern Russia to the development of resources such as coal and iron
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Which was a major reason that Tsar Alexander II freed Russia’s serfs?
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Serf discontent had reached a level that endangered stability
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Which group within the Ottoman Empire was frustrated and disappointed by the results of the Young Turk coup of 1908?
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Arab populations in Ottoman territories
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Which was an outcome of Russia’s involvement in the Crimean War?
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The tsar and other Russian leaders tried to modernize their nation
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Which was NOT a result of Bloody Sunday?
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The monarchy of the Romanov tsars was overthrown
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Which impact did the Russo-Japanese War have?
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Defeat in the war hastened the revolution by increasing the people’s discontent
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Which role did the intelligentsia play in the protests of the late nineteenth century?
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They helped inspire and justify the protests
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How did the emancipation of the serfs affect Russia’s factories?
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It increased the labor pool available for factory work
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Which sentence best describes Nicholas II?
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He was a weak-willed monarch who trusted the wrong people’s advice
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What did the Boxers demand?
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The expulsion of foreigners from China
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Which was an outcome of the Taiping Rebellion?
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Massive Starvation
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Which statement best describes an impact that the Treaty of Nanjing had on China?
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It forced China to accept humiliating economic demands
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Which is an accurate description of the ideas of the Self-Strengthening Movement?
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Industrialization should be combined with Confucian values
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Which problem did Qing China, Romanov Russia, and the Ottoman Empire all face in the late nineteenth century?
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Competition from western Europe
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Which did the victorious British have at the battle of Omdurman that the defeated Sundanese lacked?
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Machine guns
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Which is an example of how technology made imperialism possible?
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Ironclad ships were sturdier in battle than wooden ones
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According to British author Rudyard Kipling and like-minded imperialists, why was his nation justified in colonizing Africa and Asia?
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Advanced nations had a duty to civilize less advanced ones
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How did the British Empire differ after the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857?
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The government took over direct control from the East India Company
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Which was NOT an important motive for nineteenth-century European imperialism?
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Desire to end political dissent
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How did direct and indirect colonial rule differ regarding established indigenous rulers?
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Indirect rule incorporated local rulers, laws, and infrastructures; direct rule implemented policies that intentionally weakened indigenous power networks and institutions
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How did the existence of European-controlled colonies in Asia transform the South Pacific during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
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Indentured servants from Asia were sent to labor on plantations in the South Pacific
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Which was an outcome of the Boer War?
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The Afrikaners dominated political policy in South Africa
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Which event did NOT influence the scramble for Africa?
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The discovery of diamonds in the Orange Free State of South Africa
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How did the Russian Empire consolidate its imperial claim in Central Asia during the nineteenth century?
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Importing Russian peasants to farm the steppes
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Which best describes a way that racism became a legacy of imperialism?
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Imperialists used racism to justify their conquests
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Which best explains a demographic change that resulted from imperialism during the nineteenth century?
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Many people settled in colonies as a way to improve their social status
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Which best describes European imperialism in the Pacific?
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Intended to create refueling stations
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Which was NOT a reason for U.S. imperialism in the late nineteenth century?
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Increase immigration rates
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Against which country did Imperial Japan fight a war in the late nineteenth century?
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China

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