Unit 7: World War II Study Guide.

Appeasement
Policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany’s annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.

Pearl Harbor
base in hawaii that was bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which got America to enter the war

Midway Island
Turning point in the pacific

Coral Sea
This battle was the first win for America in the Pacific, and took over Japan’s territory

Einsatzgruppen
mobile killing squads

War Efforts of Women

Dunkirk
city in the northwest corner of France where the allied troops were trapped by the advancing Germany Army. 800 British ships, ranging from warships to fishing boats, crossed the channel from England to rescue over 300,000 British and French troops.

Cold

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War
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
1945-1991

Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan

Blitz
Series of German air raids that pounded the city of London

Luftwaffe
Germany’s air force

RAF
Britain’s royal air force

Isolationism
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs

Anti- Comintern Pact
agreement between Germany and Japan to stop the spread of Communism

D- Day
allied forces under dwight d. eisenhower landed on the beaches of normandy in history’s greatest naval invasion.

Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and US

Non- Agression Pact
Germany and the Soviet Union signed this pact and promised not to attack each other. Germany offered Stalin control of Eastern Poland and the Baltic States.

Japanese Expansion
japanese needed raw materials, so they attacked nearby countries

Kamikazi
Japanese suicide bombers, “divine wind”

Final Solution
Nazi plan for the extermination of the Jews

Maginot Line
Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.

Rome- Berlin Axis
mussolini-hitler alliance

Berlin
where the war ends and the allies trap hitler, and he shoots himself

Dresden
German city ferociously firebombed by the Allies from February 13 to 15, 1945

Leningrad
a Russian city was surrounded and supplies cut off, the civilians and soldiers still fought eventually making the Germans surrender

UN

Sudetenland
Hitler claimed that this German inhabited Czechoslovakian area was the last territorial claim he had on Europe, Hitler wanted German speaking people in West Czech to be given to Germany.

Anschluss
the union of Austria and Germany

Sanctions

Collaborators
during WWII helped the nazis hunt down jews

french Resistance
french troops, The underground movement of French civilians who fought against Nazi Germans who occupied France during much of WWII. This well organized group killed many German’s and assisted the Allied forces in any way possible.

Stalingrad
Fought during the winter of 1942, it was the first major Soviet victory of World War II and a turning point for the Allies. It claimed more lives than any other singles conflict in the War but prevented the Nazis from capturing Russia and was a crucial factor in their eventual defeat.

North Africa Campaign
war where Allies fought for defending the suez canal

Sicily – Italy
first allied invasion into Eur.

Kursk
largest WWII tank battle between Germany and Russia

Lend-lease

Cash & Carry
The agreement by the United States to sell weapons to the Allies as long as they paid in full and carried it away themselves

Island Hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.

El Alamein
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain’s Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the ‘Desert Fox’) in 1942-1943. (p. 793)

German Surrender

Nuremburg Trials
Series of trials after WW 2 held in Germany in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against humanity, and war crimes

Divided Germany

Adolf Hitler
This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.

Chaing Kai-shek
leader of the nationalist party in 1928, after Sun Yat-sen’s death in 1925, he favored a capitalist state supported by a military dictatorship

Harry Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Heinrich Himmler
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)

Joseph Goebbels
Chief minister of the Nazi propaganda, and organizer of Kristallnacht

Reinhard Heydrich
leading architect of final solution

FDR
Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms

Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.,

Charles de Gualle
Fled to england and set up a Government in exile and, leader of free France

Hideki Tojo
Prime minister of Japan during World War II

Hirohito
emperor of Japan who renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II

Joseph Stalin
Communist statesman; leader of Bolshevik Party; became ruler of USSR after Lenin; assumed full military and political leadership.

Benito Mussolini
head of the Italian Fascist party. Mussolini was known as El Duce and was leader of Italy, the first Fascist regime, during World War II.

Dwight Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.

Erwin Rommel
a German general in command of the Afrika korps, a german tank force, in North Africa

Bernard Montgomery
A British army general who defeated the Germans at El Alamein in Egypt, and began pursuing them westward.

Douglas MacArthur
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II.

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