UNIT 6 GUYS

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All of the following contributed to the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment legislating Prohibition in 1919 EXCEPT
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the high death toll from alcohol-related automobile accidents
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During the New Deal, President Franklin D. Roosevelt recommendation legislation to achieve all of the following EXCEPT
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nationalization of the banks
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The New Deal attempted to revive the farm economy during the 1930s by
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reducing the amount of land under cultivation
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All of the following concerns were addressed during the \”Hundred Days\” of the New Deal EXCEPT
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court restructuring
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All of the following help to explain the presence of large numbers of expatriate American intellectuals in Europe during the 1920s EXCEPT the
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European tradition of wealthy patrons supporting struggling American writers and artists
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The Palmer Raids of 1919 were conducted against
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suspected communists and anarchists
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The Palmer Raids were conducted by…
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J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI he created. This was authorized by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer.
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16. Which of the following celebrated trials best illustrates the cultural conflict in the 1920s between fundamentalism and modernism?
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The John T. Scopes trial (The other answer choices here involve the Scottsboro Trial, Leopold-Loeb thrill murder case, the Albert Fall Trial, and the Sacco-Vanzetti Trial, so I don’t think that you actually need to know what they were for the test… but just in case you still want to know what they were all about, read on.)
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Scottsboro Trial…
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The trial of nine black boys, dubbed the \”Scottsboro boys\”, for the gangrape of two white girls in Alabama in 1931. The case includes a frameup, all-white jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, and an angry mob.The case is now widely considered a miscarriage of justice that led to the end of all-white juries in the South. All of the boys, except for the twelve-year-old who was convicted, were sentenced to death.
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Leopold-Loeb Case
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In 1924, two affluent University of Chicago students, Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, both child prodigies, murdered a rich, fourteen-year-old boy just to prove themselves superior to all other humans. They believed that they would get away with the crime as they followed the Nietzschean concept of a \”super human\” who can get away with vicious crimes. They wanted to commit the \”perfect crime.\” Unfortunately for their beliefs, they were tried and convicted for their crime. Loeb was killed in jail and Leopold was eventually released after serving his time and he ended up dying in some Midwestern state, who knows. Their story spawned some okay-ish films and a two-person musical revolving around suspected homosexuality between them, due to the sexual nature of their murder. The songs from that thing always get stuck in my head. Clearly I know much more about this case than the Scottsboro boys.
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Albert Fall Trial
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Teopot-Dome Scandal. Albert B. Fall, President Warren Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, was accepting bribes for granting oil leases near Teapot Dome, Wyoming.
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Sacco-Vanzetti
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Sacco and Vanzetti are gone! These two Italian anarchists were convicted of robbery and murder and sentenced to death. Liberals protested that the two men were had been accused, convicted, and sentenced to death because of their non-government stances and because they were Italian. Despite six years of appeals and national/international debates over the fairness of their trial, Sacco and Vanzetti were executed in 1927.
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Charles Lindbergh became a national hero for all of the following reasons except:
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he advocated American leadership in world affairs Charles Lindbergh’s solo flight across the Atlantic made him an American hero especially because his wholesome youthfulness contrasted with the cynicism and debunking of the jazz age.
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The main purpose of the Wagner Labor Relations Act of 1935 was to
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Ensure workers’ right to organize and bargain collectively
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The Wagner Act of 1935 proved to be a trailblazing law that
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gave labor the right to bargain collectively.
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Which of the following accurately describe(s) the Harlem Renaissance? I. It flourished during the 1920s II. It was centered among Black people in the South III. It consisted of a period of dramatic Black intellectual and artistic creativity IV. It brought about significant gains in civil rights
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I and III only
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Which of the following best describes the Harlem Renaissance?
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An outpouring of Black artistic and literary creativity
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The American Federation of Labor split apart at its national convention in 1935 because
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a majority of AFL leaders refused to grant charters to new unions organized on an industry-wide basis
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In 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover disagreed most strongly about the desirability of
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federal relief to individuals
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During the presidencies of Harding and Coolidge, which of the following was true about most of the federal regulatory agencies created during the Progressive Era?
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They served mainly to aid business
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Which of the following New Deal legislation was a basic reform measure dealing with banking?
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
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Public Works Administration (PWA)
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Directed by the Secretary of the Interior, Harold Ickes, this New Deal program for the unemployed allotted money to state and local governments for building roads, bridges, dams, and other public works. The construction projects that this program, which was created during the Hundred Days for the needs of millions of unemployed workers, created were a source of thousands of jobs.
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Civilian Conseration Corps (CCC)
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Created during the Hundred Days to provide relief for the unemploye this program employed young men on projects on federal lands and paid their families small monthly sums.
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National Industrial Recovery
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This New Deal measure precipitated the rise of unions. It, along with the Wagner Act of 1935, caused a lasting change in labor-management relations by legalizing labor unions. Subsequently, union membership shot up from under 3 million members in the 1930s to over 10 million by 1941 (more than one out of four were nonform workers).
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Agricultural Adjustment Administration
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The farmers’ version of the NRA. This program encouraged farmers to reduce production (and thereby boost prices) by offering to oay government subsidies for every acre they plowed under. However, it, along with the NRA, was declared unconstitutional in a 1935 Supreme Court case.
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An important factor contributing to the Great Depression in the United States in the 1930’s was the
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decline in farm prosperity during the 1920s
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What was the most important cause of the Great Depression?
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Serious dislocations in international trade
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Which of the following accurately describes the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s?
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It favored immigration restriction as well as White Supremacy
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The New Deal attempted to revive the farm economy during the 1930’s by
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reducing the amount of land under cultivation
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Franklin D. Roosevelt’s farm policy was primarily designed to
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Reduce production in order to boost farm prices
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During the 1930’s, isolationists drew support for their position from which of the following documents?
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Washington’s Farewell Address
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For American farming, the years 1921 to 1929 represented a period of
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low prices for agricultural products
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Which of the following immigrants were often forced to return to their country of origin?
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Mexicans during the 1930s
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Despite its isolationist position in the 1920’s, the United States government actively intervened throughout the decade in which of the following areas of European affairs?
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International finance and reparations
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The National Industrial Recovery Act sought to combat the Great Depression by
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reducing competition
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As a result of the 1937 \”Roosevelt recession,\”
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Roosevelt adopted Keynesian (planned deficit spending) economics
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Which of the following is correct about the Washington Naval Conference of 1921-1922?
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It imposed specific limitations on the number on the number of battleships allowed to the signatory nations
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Which of the following is true about the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928?
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It was multilateral pact condemning recourse to war
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During the Manchurian crisis of 1931-1932, the Hoover administration did which of the following?
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Refused to recognize Japan’s new conquests
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The work of the \”lost generation\” of American writers in the 1920’s was marked by
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a rejection of prevailing middle-class values
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In terms of the way that he lived, as well as the themes of his work, the author most representative of the \”Lost Generation\” was
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Ernest Hemmingway
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All of the following depicted social conditions in the United States during the Great Depression of the 1930’s EXCEPT
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Theodore Dreiser’s An American Tragedy
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American writers of the 1920s, such as Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald, have been called the \”lost generation\” because they:
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were disillusioned with the shallowness of American life
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Which of the following best characterizes the writers associated with the literary flowering of the 1920’s, such as Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald?
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Criticism of middle-class conformity and materialism
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During Andrew Mellon’s long tenure as secretary of the treasury, his policies
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raised taxes.
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As secretary of the treasury, Andrew Mellon placed the tax burden on the
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middle-income groups.
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Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon’s policies did which of the following?
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Reduced income-tax rates for the wealthy to release money for private investment
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President Herbert Hoover approached the task of caring for unemployed workers during the Great Depression by
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emphasizing the importance of private charities
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The assembly-line production of Henry Ford’s Model T automobile resulted in which of the following by the end of the 1920s?
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Widespread purchase of automobiles by average American families
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The objective of the Bonus Expeditionary Force that marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 was to obtain
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payment of money to veterans of the First World War
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Which of the following statements about the Tennessee Valley Authority is correct?
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It built dams that made rural electrification possible
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The flappers of the 1920s challenged traditional American attitudes about women by supporting
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greater freedom in manner of dress and moral behavior
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All of the following concerns were addressed during the \”Hundred Days\” of the New Deal EXCEPT
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court restructuring
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The Republican presidents of the 1920s favored
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Tax cuts for wealthy Americans
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As a result of Franklin Roosevelt’s unwillingness to support the London Conference,
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the trend towards extreme nationalism was strengthened
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In the 1930’s, the movement led by Dr. Francis Townsend contributed to congressional approval of a law
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Implementing a federal program of old-age benefits
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One means by which President Hoover attempted to fight the Great Depression was
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The establishment of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
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When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the United States
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made lend-lease aid available to the Soviets.
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Conscription policies in the First and Second World Wars differed significantly in that in the Second World War
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The draft began before the United States entered the conflict
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Japanese-Americans living on the West Coast of the United States in early 1942 were sent to internment camps on the alleged grounds that they
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were a potential threat to the security of the United States
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Which of the following best describes the experience of Americans of Japanese descent during the Second World War?
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They were forced from their homes and businesses on the West Coast into detention camps.
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In Korematsu v. U.S. the Supreme Court upheld the government’s practice of
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placing Japanese Americans in internment camps
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American participation in the Second World War had which of the following major effects on the home front?
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A movement of women into factory work
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The American home front in the Second World War is best described as
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economically invigorated by military spending
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Which of the following was true of women in the five years following the Second World War?
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Large numbers left their industrial jobs to make room for returning soldiers
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All of the following occurred during the Second World War EXCEPT
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The prohibition of interstate travel without government permission
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The Atlantic Charter, developed by the United States and Britain, was also endorsed by
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the Soviet Union.
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The Atlantic Charter
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With the U.S. actively aiding Britain via the lend-lease act, Roosevelt would foresee the possibility that the U.S. might soon be drawn into the war. He arranged for a secret meeting in August with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aboard a ship off of the coast of Newfoundland. The two leaders drew up a document known as the Atlantic Charter that affirmed what their peace objectives would be when the war ended. They agreed that the general principles for a sound peace would include self-determination for all people, no territorial expansion, and free trade.
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The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor occurred after
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Diplomatic negotiations with the United States reached a stalemate
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Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934)
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Provided for the independence of the Philippines by 1946 and the gradual removal of U.S. military presence from the islands. In 1935, the Philippine people elected a president under a new constitution, even though the U.S. was still nominally in control of the territory.
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One internationalist action by Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first term in office was
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the formal recognition of the Soviet Union
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The Potsdam Conference
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issued an ultimatum to Japan to surrender or be destroyed
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In waging war against Japan, the United States relied mainly on a strategy of
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\”island hopping\” across the South Pacific while bypassing Japanese strongholds
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The tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific was turned following the battle of
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Midway
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A. War Production Board B. Office of Price Administration C. War Labor Board D. Fair Employment Practices Commission 1. assigned priorities with respect to the use of raw materials and transportation facilities 2. controlled inflation by rationing essential goods 3. imposed ceilings on wage increases 4. saw to it that no hiring discrimination practices were used against blacks seeking employment in war industries
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A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4
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The purpose of the Lend-Lease Act was to
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Provide military supplies to the Allies
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Which group does Ferretti constantly say was always screwed economically between about 1880 and 1935?
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UHHHH??? Native Americans???
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Marcus Garvey’s prominence during the 1920s arose from his
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Emphasis on the importance of Black pride and Black nationalism
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The purpose of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 was to
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Raise farm prices by limiting agricultural production
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The _________ was probably the most popular New Deal program; the ___________ was one of the most complex; and the ______________ was the most radical.
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Civilian Conservation Corps; National Recovery Act; Tennessee Valley Authority
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The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the following except
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health care for the poor
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Which of the following is true of the 1935 Social Security Act?
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It legislated a tax that transfers money from workers to pensioners

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