Unit 4 Romantic Era

German word meaning “song.”
Lieder

Unaccompanied voices
A Capella

A poem that tells a story
Ballad

Subtle speeding up or slowing down for an expressive purpose.
rubato

Use of many incidental and transitional notes.
Chromatic

A theme introduced subtlety comes back triumphantly.
thematic transformation

An unrelenting melody that reoccurs throughout different movements of an instrumental piece.
idee fixe

A movement to show reality and true emotions of people.
verismo

A musical phrase associated with a person, thing, or idea in a story
Leitmotif

The art of arranging music for the instruments of the orchestra.
Orchestration

Romantic style flourished in music during the period
1820-1900

A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the
nocturne

A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as
etude

A _______________ scale consists of five notes, and is used primarily in folk music and Asian cultures
pentatonic

A program symphony
employs descriptive titles for each movement

When the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem the form is known as
strophic

__________________ became the vogue of wealthy music enthusiasts during the Romantic period , where the host invited a select group of sophisticated guests to hear a recital by a well-known composer or performer of the day in their home.
Salon Concerts

Franz Schubert made his living by serving a wealthy court patron.
False

As a stupendous performer, innovative composer, and having a charismatic personality, Franz Liszt typified the romantic movement.
True

Besides his musical achievements, Felix Mendelssohn was a talented painter, a fine writer, and a brilliant conversationalist in multiple languages.
True

During the nineteenth century, Europeans felt strongly that their homelands merited loyalty and self-sacrifice
True

Russian composer, Tchaikovsky, was a happily married man with a cheerful self-confident outlook on life.
False