Unit 1: Organic Chemistry -Introduction to Organic Chemistry (Chem)

question

Organic Chemistry
answer

Study of carbon compounds
question

Organic Compounds
answer

-contain carbon -have covalent bonds (share e- btwn non-metals)
question

Polar
answer

Unequal sharing of e- (difference in electronegativity)
question

Non-Polar
answer

Equal sharing of e-
question

Carbon Compounds: Hydrocarbons
answer

Compounds of carbon and hydrogen only
question

Carbon Compounds: Derivatives
answer

Carbon compounds with mostly oxygen, nitrogen, and halogen
question

Type of Hydrocarbon: Aliphatic
answer

Straight chains and ring structures (cyclic)
question

Type of Hydrocarbon: Aromatic
answer

Contains benzene ring
question

Carbon Single Bond
answer

C2H6 Tetrahedral Alkane Non-polar
question

Carbon Double Bond
answer

C2H4 Trigonal Alkene Non-polar
question

Carbon Triple Bond
answer

C2H2 Linear Alkyne Non-polar
question

Number Naming
answer

1- mono 2- di 3- tri 4- tetra 5- penta 6- hexa 7- hepta 8- octa 9- nona 10- deca
question

Differences btwn Carbon Bonds
answer

-number of bonds btwn carbons -as Carbon bonds increase, hydrogens decrease -different number of atoms attached to carbons (same # of bonds)
question

Similarities btwn Carbon Bonds
answer

-all have two carbons -each hydrogen has a single bond -all have same number of bonds (diff # of atoms)
question

Naming- IUPAC (Number of carbons)
answer

1- meth 2- eth 3- prop 4- but 5- pent 6- hex 7- hept 8- oct 9- non 10- dec
question

Molecular Formula
answer

Indicates # of atoms present ex. C4H10
question

Structural Formula
answer

Shows how atoms are arranged H H | | H-C-C-H | | H H
question

Condensed Structural Formula
answer

CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3
question

Condensed Formula
answer

CH3CH2CH2CH3 -bracket used to show bond or to state how many of an atom there are
question

Line Diagram
answer

Points on lines represent Carbon atoms
question

Alkyl Group Branches
answer

Methyl Ethyl Propyl Butyl *Isopropyl
question

Other Branch Names
answer

Cl- cloro Br- bromo I- iodo F- fluro NO2- nitro NH2- amino OH- hydroxy
question

Line Diagram: drawing alkyl’s
answer

1 line: methyl 2 lines: ethyl 3 lines: propyl

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member