UCCS Chapter 1

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
microcomputers
in the early 1980s, things began to change. _____ were invented and computer use increased dramatically
hotspots
a growing number of college campuses have wireless ____ on campus that allow students to use their PCs to connect wirelessly to the college network and the Internet from anywhere on campus.
authentication systems
The computer is used extensively for access control at many organizations, such as ____ that allow individuals to enter the office building, punch in or out of work, or access the company network by providing the proper credentials or being authenticated via a fingerprint or hand scan.
two and a half years
Hollerith’s machine was used to process the 1890 U.S. Census data and was able to complete teh task in ____, instead of the decade it usually took to process the data by hand.
third-generation computers
Integrated circuits incorporate many transistors and electronic circuits on a single tiny silicon chip, allowing ____ ____ _____ to be even smaller and more reliable than earlier computers.
mouse
common input devices include the keyboard and
modems
two of the most common types of communications hardware are___and network adapters.
software
the term refers to the programs or instructions used to tell the computer what to do.
desktop
the windows____ shown in the figure above contains the following objects: Windows, Icons, Menus, Toolbars, Taskbar, Hyperlinks, Sizing buttons, and a Dialog box.
application software
consists of programs designed to allow people to perform specific tasks using a computer, such as creating letters, preparing budgets, and managing inventory.
microcomputer
a personal computer (PC) or ____ is a small computer system designed to be used by one person at a time.
clamshell
most notebooks follow the trditional____design in which the monitor is on the inside top half of the PC, and the keyboard and touch pad are on the inside bottom half.
handheld computers
ultra-mobile PCs are also called
a computer network
A_____ is a collection of hardware and other devices that are connected together so that users can share hardware, software, and data, as well as electronically communicate with each other.
e-mail addresses
to contact people cusing the Internet, you most often use their_______
search sites
there are a number of special Web pages, called_____, avaiable to help you locate what you are looking for on the Internet.
Web-based e-mail
is typically free and provided by virtually all ISPs used with personal computers
USB flash drive
Sarah is a very active real estate agent. She is looking to purchase a new computer and software so she can keep track of her client’s accounts, access the Internet from anywhere in the city, and touch-up photos of real estate properties. Sarah needs to store digital photographs of houses she is previewing. She needs to be able to copy these to the computer at her office. What type of storage device should she use?
XHTML
Sarah is a very active real estate agent. She is looking to purchase a new computer and software so she can keep track of her client’s accounts, access the Internet from anywhere in the city, and touch-up photos of real estate properties. Sarah has hired a programmer to create a Web page for her business. What type of programming language will the programmer use?
notebook
Sarah….What kind of computer would most likely fit Sarah’s needs?

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