U.S History Chapter 24-25 vocab
Flashcard maker : Jill Lopez
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
Italian politician who led the National Fascist Party and created Fascism
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
Leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II.
an extreme form of facism shaped by Hitler’s fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini
4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries, the US and Canada
Great British prime minister who advocated peace and a policy of appeasement
Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II.
the act of appeasing (as by acceding to the demonds of)
an agreement in which nations promise not to attack one another
German word meaning lightning war. It was a German army tactic during World War II which called for quick moving, hard hitting drives into enemy territory.
Charles De Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish properties
the planned annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
any segregated mode of living or working that results from bias or stereotyping
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
replaced cash and carry; allowed Britain to borrow US war materials
Agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations’ war aims
an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
Japan’s prime minister. ordered attack on pearl harbor
United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)
Women’s Auxillary Army Corp
US army unit created during WWII to enable women to serve in noncombat positions
A. Philip Randolph
Proposed to march on Washington for civil rights for blacks in US
a former United States executive agency that was responsible for developing atomic bombs during World War II
Office of Prime Administration
Created by Congress to help fight inflation.
War Production Board
government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials
A system of allocating scarce goods and services using criteria other than price
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe then was elected to be Pres. of the USA
allied forces under dwight d. eisenhower landed on the beaches of normandy in history’s greatest naval invasion.
Commander of Omaha Beach on D-Day
Famous American General who fought in North Africa and Europe.
Battle of the Bulge
a battle during World War II
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Harry S. Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
general who used force to remove the Bonus Army from D.C
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)
Battle of Midway
naval battle of World War II (June 1942)
a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
J. Robert oppenheimer
director of the Manhattan Project and later of the Atomic Energy Commission
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945.
site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
G.I Bill of Rights
Government bill that paid for veterans’ education and living expenses
Civil rights leader who founded the Congress of Racial Equality
Congress of Racial Equality
an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality
the act of confining someone in a prison (or as if in a prison)
Japanese American Citizen League
Pushed the government to compensate those sent to the camps for their lost property.