U.S. History 9th Grade Midterm Study Guide

question

Muckraker
answer

Journalist who exposed corruption and other problems of the late 1800s and early 1900s
question

Homestead Act
answer

Law passed in 1862 that motivated Americans to move West
question

Jane Addams
answer

A woman who worked to reform social conditions in the late 1800’s
question

16th Amendment
answer

gave Congress the power to levy an income tax
question

Spanish-American War
answer

An 1898 conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the United States supported Cuba’s fight for indepedence
question

The Grapes of Wrath
answer

A novel written by John Steinbeck that described the hardships that people faced during the Great Depression
question

World War II
answer

(1939-1945) War fought between Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) and Allied Powers (U.S., France, U.S.S.R., and U.K.) in which the U.S. joined in 1941, helping the Allies to victory.
question

Sussex Pledge
answer

(1916) A Pledge by the German government that its submarines would warn ships before attacking.
question

Alfred T. Mahan
answer

Author who argued in 1890 that the economic future of the United States rested on overseas markets protected by a larger navy. Wrote \”The Influence of Sea Power Upon History\”
question

Marcus Garvey
answer

He helped develop the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and was the founder of \”Africa for Africans\”. He was an important figure, especially for African-Americans, during the Harlem Renaissance.
question

Rationing
answer

Limiting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
question

Rosie the Riveter
answer

A symbolic World War II character created to encourage women in the workforce
question

Black Thursday
answer

October 24, 1929- The Stock Market Crash (almost 13 million shares are sold on that day alone due to pressured and nervous investors)
question

Axis Powers
answer

Germany, Italy, and Japan (WWII)
question

Social Security Act
answer

A 1935 law that provided pensions for older people and set up the nation’s first system of unemployment insurance
question

Glenn Curtiss
answer

United States industrialist and aviation pioneer (1878-1930)
question

Charles Lindbergh
answer

1st person to fly over Atlantic Ocean (in a plane called \”Spirit of St.Louis\”)
question

The Great Migration
answer

(1914-1945) Migration of thousands of African-Americans from the South to the North in search of jobs, to escape prejudice and crop failures (they moved from a rural life to an urban life)
question

Harlem Renaissance
answer

A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art, music, and literature flourished
question

Dawes Severality Act
answer

An Assimilation Policy created in the attempt to assimilate Native-Americans into American culture; Native-Americans could become American citizens under certain circumstances
question

Interstate Commerce Act
answer

A law created to help regulate business in America
question

electricity
answer

Arguably the most important discovery at the turn of the 20th Century
question

Sherman Anti-Trust Act
answer

a law created to overthrow monopolies and trusts that restrained free trade
question

better irrigation and water
answer

could have prevented the Dust Bowl
question

The Dust Bowl
answer

(1930-1936) a severe drought in the Western Plains regions, during the Great Depression, that made land impossible to farm (could have been prevented with better irrigation)
question

Holocaust
answer

the attempted genocide of European Jews and others by the Nazi forces led by Adolf Hitler during WWII
question

genocide
answer

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
question

John Muir
answer

(1838-1914) United States naturalist (born in England) who advocated the creation of national parks
question

Upton Sinclair
answer

(1878-1968) United States writer whose novels argued for social reform; Author of \”The Jungle\”; respected muckraker
question

Judicial, Legislative, Executive
answer

3 branches of government created by the U.S. Constitution
question

\”The American Dream\”
answer

an idea that motivated many immigrants to come to America in the late 1800’s
question

Susan B. Anthony
answer

a Quaker abolitionist who fought for freedom and women’s rights; her efforts led to the ratification of the 19th Amendment
question

Civil Service Reform
answer

created during the Gilded Age to stop government corruption
question

WEB Dubois
answer

He was an African-American civil rights activist who founded the Niagara Movement. ( He became the first African-American to earn a Ph.D from Harvard University)
question

December 7, 1941
answer

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
question

Rough Riders
answer

Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish-American War
question

General J.J. Pershing
answer

led American forces in Europe during WWI and was the savior of Paris (named \”General of the Armies\”)
question

Sgt. Alvin York
answer

recieved 3 medals (including the Congressional Medal of Honor) and was the most decorated American soldier of WWI
question

League of Nations
answer

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
question

victory gardens
answer

Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
question

Executive Order 9066
answer

enforced the relocation of Japanese-Americans to internment camps away from western coastal regions (WWII)
question

WACS
answer

(Women’s Army Corps Service) women served as nurses, etc. in the war but were not allowed to fight
question

Sinking of U.S. ships
answer

triggered the start of World War I
question

machine gun
answer

a military invention that forced troops in World War I to remain in trenches during battle
question

Franklin D. Roosevelt
answer

leader of the U.S. during WWII
question

Winston Churchill
answer

leader of England during WWII
question

Treaty of Versailles
answer

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded drastic reparations from the Germans
question

USS Maine
answer

A U.S ship that exploded off the coast of Cuba in Havana Harbor and signaled the start of the Spanish-American War (Yellow journalism suggested that Spanish military had something to do with the ship’s explosion)
question

Americanization
answer

Process of assimilating immigrants into American culture by teaching English, American history, and citizenship
question

militarism
answer

the policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
question

monopolies
answer

Corporations that gain complete control of the production of a single good or service.
question

17th Amendment
answer

(Passed in 1913) the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
question

war bonds
answer

certificates sold to people by the US in order to raise money for war efforts
question

Wilson’s Fourteen Points
answer

President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for post-war peace (no secret treaties, freedom of the seas, removal of economic barriers, reduction of arms, adjust colonial claims)
question

yellow journalism
answer

Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
question

Battle of Argonne Forest
answer

(1918) One of the greatest American battles during World War I; major defeat against Germans by French and American troops in France (the Railroad supporting the German troops was destroyed)
question

Bataan Death March
answer

Brutal march of American and Filipino prisoners by Japanese soldiers in 1942
question

concentration camps
answer

prison camps established by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party for Jews and other prisoners during the war
question

German U-boats
answer

German submarines which were most effective during naval blockade against enemy ships (used in WWI and WWII)
question

Progressive Era
answer

time at the turn of the 20th century in which groups sought to reform America economically, socially, and politically

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member