*Topic, main idea, supporting details and theme.

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Topic
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General subject Ex: a book called Depression: the rational solution. This book discusses the problem of depression and offers a specific treatment for people dealing with depression. The possible topic are- depression, mental health, or psychology
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Main idea
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Specific message. The reason it’s written. The main idea for above book is \”to erase depression, one must engage the rational part of the brain and ignore the emotional part.
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Supporting details
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Explain the main idea.
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Themes
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Are subjects that a written work frequently touches upon. Example: book might touch upon themes of despair hope redemption and self improvement. – themes are simply ideas or concept that the book comes back to again and agin.
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Topic sentence
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Express the main point of a paragraph. -usually, a paragraph start with a topic sentence.
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Summary sentences
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Generally appears at or near the end of paragraph. – useful for providing closure to piece of text. -appears at the end of document it will discuss, explain or elaborate
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Logical conclusion
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Is an idea that follows from the facts or idea presented in the text. – it does not need to be factual or true. It may be completely logical when viewed on its own. -the reading is not obliged to agree. – ask what’s the authors point.
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Inferences
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Making prediction – next step to logical conclusion.
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Position and purpose
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Author’s intentions -manipulative, to get to trade shift -persuasive -narrative
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Inform
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Fact or event; newspaper articles often fall into this category.
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Persuade
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To get reader to agree
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Entertain
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Novel
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Express feelings
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Evoking feeling
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Historical context
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That the time and place in which the piece was written will influence the work in some way – these historical factors may effect WHAT is written and HOW it is written
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Text structure
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Is the way in which a given text is organized. – help emphasize the authors point.
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Exposition
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Introduce or explains a subject. Gives ground work information
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Technical
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passes along precise information
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Persuasive
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Tried to get the reader to agree
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Narrative
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Tell story
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Authors purpose for writing are…
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Narrative, exposition, technical and persuasive
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Themes
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Simply ideas or concept
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Topic
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Can be find at the end. General subject matter cover by work.
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Main idea
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Reason the text is written
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Supporting details
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Explain main idea
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—-Elements of sentence
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Differ part of speech —
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Adjective
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A descriptive word that modifies a noun or pronoun
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Adverb
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A word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb and indicates when, how, where, why or how.
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Article
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A word that is used to limit a noun, either indefinite (a and an) or definite (the)
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Clause
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A group of word that are related and contain both a subject and a verb
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Direct object
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The noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb and answers the question whom, or what
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Noun
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A word for a person, place, or thing
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Object of the proposition
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The noun, pronoun, phrase, or clause to which the preposition refers
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Phrase
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A group of words that are related but do not contain a verb and a subject together
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Possessive pronoun
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A pronoun use to indicate ownership
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Preposition. -Underlined -preposition
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A word such as by, at, to, or from that gives additional information, usually in relationship to something else in the sentence Ex: Bryan headed -to the mall- for the latest release- by the band- form his home state- of Oregon. Ex: sit, by, above, below, around, near, to and from
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First person
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Mine, ours
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Second
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Yours, your
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Third
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Her, hers, his, it’s, Theirs, their.
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Pronoun
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A word that replace and refers to a noun
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Subject
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A noun or pronoun that performs the action of the verbs if a sentence contains a verb of being or a linking verb such as be, feel, become, or look, the subject of the sentence is the noun or pronoun being described.
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Verb
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A word that shows an action or a state of being
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Examples
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Example
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The
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Definite article
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Young
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Adjective
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Boys
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Subject-noun
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Enjoy
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Verb
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Soccer
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Adjective
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Practice
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Direct object

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