Topic 7: Properties of Solutions

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Solution
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a homogeneous mixture of substances in the same physical state, both solvent and solute
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Solute
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The substance that is being dissolved, the substance present in the smaller amount
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Solvent
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The substance that dissolves the solute, present in a greater amount
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Most common solvent is
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Water
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Water solutions are called
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Aqueous solutions
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Solutions are homogeneous
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mixtures
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Solutions are clear and do not
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Disperse light
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Solutions can have
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Color
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They will not settle
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on standing
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They can pass through
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a filter
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Materials with a low solubility are
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insoluble
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Materials with high solubility are
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soluble
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as temperature increases solids become more
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soluble in water
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As temperature increases, the solubility of all gases
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in liquid decreases
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Pressure has little or no
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effect on solubility
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As pressure increases, the solubility of gases in liquids
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increase

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