Timeline of Italian Unification

question

Early 1800’s
answer

secret groups working for unification: Carbonari “coal burners”, and Young Italy. Both worked for Risorgimento (“Resurgence”)
question

1848-49
answer

Each of 9 Italian states have revolutions, only Sardinia was successful. Mazzini takes power in Rome but is eventually tossed out; motivated many Italians to unity. Should they be under rule of Pius IX (Pope)? Republic? Constitutional monarchy?
question

1852
answer

Count Cavour becomes Premier of Sardinia. Decided to strengthen the nation by building military and economy. Reduced power of Catholic church and wants Sardinia to lead unification and Victor Emmanuel to be king.
question

1856
answer

Cavour sends troops to Crimean war to support Britain and France, goes to speak at a peace conference and gains prominence and respect as a legit nation. France wants to help them in return
question

1858
answer

Cavour meets with Napoleon III, France will help Sardinia if Austria attacks. If Austria attacks, Italy gets Lombardy and Venetia; France gets Nice and Savoy
question

1859
answer

Cavour builds up military and mobilizes against Austria, Austria attacks Sardinia and France comes to help. Sardinia gains Lombardy but France makes peace with Austria and lets them keep Venetia. Smaller Italian states join with Sardinia; France takes Nice and Savoy
question

1860
answer

Garibaldi leads Revolution in the south of Italy, revolution in Sicily and Naples. Redshirts fight well and Rome is avoided due to presence of French
question

1861
answer

Northern and Southern Italian states join together; Kingdom of Italy is declared; Victor Emmanuel II is first king of Italy (minus Rome and Venetia)
question

1866
answer

Italy helps Prussia defeat Austria in 7 weeks war and gains Venetia as a result
question

1870
answer

Italy Gains Rome; French soldiers in Rome recalled to defend Paris during Franco-Prussian war, Italian soldiers take the undefended city

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member