The two short stories, ‘Tony Kytes’ written by Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) and ‘Turned’ by Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) have similar themes, but different messages. In ‘Tony Kytes’, the people are young and love makes fools of them, but ‘Turned’ is being biased against men, who in the story are evil towards the women who are good.
This is the main difference between the two stories. This however, is not the only thing which differentiates the two stories because they are different in structure. ‘Turned’ begins with parallel openings and uses many flashbacks.For example, Mrs. Marroner and Gerta are crying in different rooms and then there is a flashback, and the story moves forward to the point, showing why the two were crying and the setting takes places in a couple of different places such as Boston and the town where Mrs.
Marroner goes to live after she leaves her husband. The parallel openings show the differences and similarities between Mrs. Marroner and Gerta. The differences are that Mrs. Marroner is a high class women and Gerta is a poor immigrant from Sweden. The similarities are that they are both hurt by the same man, Mr.
Marroner, Mrs. Marroner’s husband.However, ‘Tony Kytes’ has a straight forward structure, it follows chronological order and uses a flashback only once where Milly Richard’s, Tony’s fiance, becomes restless in the wagon and meets Unity Sallet. The setting of ‘Tony Kytes’ is limited. The whole takes place in a picaresque tale, where the individual goes on a journey. In other words, Tony goes up the hill, which perhaps symbolizes difficulti...
es in life and there he meets Unity Sallet, who brings troubles and her name is ironic as she bring disunity.
Also, the language used by the two stories differs a lot.Turned’ uses long, complex and sophisticated words like, “I never saw anyone so docile… it is perfection in a servant, but almost a defect in character”. These words also show that Mrs.
Marroner is very sophisticated and highly educated. There is also an extended metaphor such as, “and then came the deluge” and “floods rising around”. This shows us that Mrs. Marroner is very strong, who can control her feelings and anger. Other features which show that ‘Turned’ has a more complicated language than ‘Tony Kytes’ are similes, like “primal earth spirit” and compound adjectives, like “thick-curtained”.But, ‘Tony Kytes’ uses a lot of non-standard English like “ee” and Hardy uses 19 century dialect like “nunny-watch” and “kick a bit of a miff”.
Hardy also writes words to show the characters’ punctuation. For example “handsome”, this shows that a character which is Unity is strong, masculine and beautiful. The social and historical context in ‘Turned’ is shown by class distinctions, which are much more important than in ‘Tony Kytes’, like Mrs. Marroner who is a rich women, lives in a luxurious house in Boston and Gerta is a poor servant.Of course, power was in money, and who ever had it, that person had control over someone else like Mr.
Marroner who sleeps with Gerta a sends her $50 and she is an immigrant like many thousands o
others who has a hopeless future. However, the two stories are both concerned with the relationships between men and women. For example Tony, a young country man, who is “unsmiling” and is called “the arch deceiver”. Is he or not the arch deceiver? No, he is not and this is very ironic, because he is weak-willed, cannot resist a woman and gets easily manipulated and deceived by them.Tony hasn’t got a respectful attitude to women, as he makes them look humiliated by hiding in the wagon under the sacks and tarpaulin and promises that he will marry one of them very soon if he breaks up with Milly.
Tony also loves women in “shoals”, this word suggests that Tony thinks women are like fish because if one leaves him he has another one, and he also calls them “ferrets”, as if they are very dangerous to control. On the other hand, Mr. Marroner, a rich, wealthy business man with a good reputation, forces Gerta, an innocent young woman, to sleep with him because she is being obedient and doing her job.Mr. Marroner knows what the consequences will be, but still he sleeps with her, hurting both his wife who loved and trusted him and Gerta. Mr.
Marroner might have been away for such a long time and writing letters to his wife that they should have a new honey moon when he comes back out of shame, because he new that his wife will be angry that Gerta became pregnant. And when his wife leaves him, he blames Gerta that she came between him and his wife, ruining their relationship and forgets about his child which he calls “all that”.This shows the reader that men are irresponsible, selfish, self-centered and do not care about other people like Mr. Marroner, who arrives home after his trip and asks himself if his wife might have died when he finds the house empty. “If she had gone-should he announce it himself to friends and family? ” This shows that Mr.
Marroner is afraid telling anyone that his wife left because he doesn’t want his reputation and family name to be blackened. Simply put it this way, Gilman is being biased against men because they cause many troubles and the women are always victims of men’s actions.Also, the main character in ‘Turned’ is Mrs. Marroner, who an ideal woman for Gilman. The reason for this is that Mrs.
Marroner is a strong, perhaps tough woman who can control her feelings, and anger and turning them into “thoughts” and “stiffen them into words” like she did in the beginning of the story, and perhaps the parallel openings had a reason which was to show how Mrs. Marroner does that and overcomes pain. She is also highly educated and has a Ph. D.
Simply put it like this, Mrs. Marroner is a perfect woman.When she was hurt by Mr. Marroner, she goes against him and convincing herself that he is an enemy who cannot be trusted. She also goes against society and tries to help Gerta by leaving her house, filthy pointless husband and goes living
- Albert Camus
- Cognitive Psychology
- Critical Thinking
- Form Of The Good
- Human Nature
- Immanuel Kant
- John Dewey
- Maria Montessori
- Michel Foucault
- Personality Type
- Philosophy Of Life
- Philosophy Of Mind
- Rene Descartes
- Self Esteem
- Self Reflection
- Self Reliance
- Sigmund Freud