The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Mr. Gabriel John Utterson
Reserved lawyer who is often “the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of downgoing men”

Mr. Richard Enfield
Mr. Utterson’s distant relative, one of his few friends, and his walking partner; very popular and social among high society (basically the opposite of Utterson’s personality)

setting
1800s in London, England

allusion
references something outside of what is being read or studied (outside the plot/book); can be historical, political, religious, or mythological

“Cain’s heresy” and what Utterson means by it
“I let my brother go to the devil in his own way” – allusion to Cain and Abel (Cain killed Abel). Utterson was not a very good friend because he didn’t try to stop his friends from making bad decisions.

The shop fronts (which “stood along that thoroughfare with an air of invitation, like rows of smiling saleswomen”) contrast with ______.
the door

What trigger’s Enfield’s strange story?
seeing an old, neglected door when he and Mr. Utterson were out walking

What is a Juggernaut? Why does Enfield compare Mr. Hyde’s actions to a Juggernaut?
A Juggernaut is a powerful, unstoppable force. The way Mr. Hyde trampled the young girl was like a Juggernaut.

Why do Enfield and the doctor attending the child decide to extract a punishment from Mr. Hyde even thought the child is not seriously injured? What is the punishment?
They wanted to kill him, but they couldn’t so they did the next best thing. They threatened to make a huge scandal out of the whole thing and ruin him, unless he payed the price of 100 pounds.

Where did Hyde get the money?
He unlocked the mysterious door, then he came back with 10 pounds in gold and a cheque for 90 pounds.

Why does Enfield accompany Hyde to the bank to cash the cheque?
The cheque was signed by a prominent figure of society (not Hyde), and Enfield thought that it was a fake. However, it was genuine.

Why does Enfield call the building with the door the Black Mail House?
He believes that Hyde must have blackmailed the man who signed the cheque in order to get the money.

What does Utterson mean by “your tale has gone home”?
He knows something about the owner and the house but he can’t talk about it, probably because of lawyer-client confidentiality.

Why is Dr. Jekyll’s will Utterson’s eyesore?
The strange clause about everything of Jekyll’s going to Edward Hyde if Jekyll died or “disappeared or was unexplainably absent for a period exceeding 3 calendar months” offended him as a lawyer and because it was unconventional and unclear

Dr. Lanyon
“A hearty, healthy, dapper, red-faced gentleman, with a shock of prematurely white hair, and a boisterous and decided manner”

What is Lanyon’s relationship with Jekyll?
They used to be good friends but they have hardly spoken in ten years because “Jekyll began to go wrong, wrong in mind.”

“Such unscientific balderdash would have estranged Damon and Pythias.”
They were best friends that were willing to die for each other from Greek mythology. Jekyll’s nonsense would have come between the closest of friends.

Why does Utterson want to see Hyde’s face?
1. To be able to recognize him in the future
2. To look him in the eye
3. He has had nightmares about Hyde, so he wants to solve the mystery of Hyde’s identity, hoping it will end the nightmares.
4. He is concerned about where Jekyll’s fortune was bound.

Why does Hyde give Utterson his address?
1. It’s customary, and makes Hyde seem less suspicious.
2. Validates that Hyde is who he says he is
3. If Jekyll dies or goes missing anytime soon, Utterson will be able to contact him.

Mr. Edward Hyde
“Mr. Hyde was pale and dwarfish; he gave an impression of deformity without any namable malformation, he had a displeasing smile, he had borne himself to the lawyer with a sort of murderous mixture of timidity and boldness and he spoke with a husky, whispering and somewhat broken voice.” He had an aura of evil about him.

What does Hyde’s name suggest?
Hide- as in he is deceptive, secretive
Hide- as in animal hide, because of his unruly appearance

What information does Poole give Mr. Utterson about Hyde?
He has a key to the lab, he never dines in the house, and the servants are required to obey him.

What does Utterson believe about Mr. Hyde in regards to Dr. Jekyll?
Hyde is controlling Jekyll through blackmail, and he had forced Jekyll to change his will.

Because Hyde’s presence arouses evil thoughts and feelings in others, what is the author saying about evil and human beings?
Evil is evil’s own company – it brings it out in others.

What is a “hide-bound pedant”? Why does Jekyll call Lanyon hide-bound?
A narrow-minded, stubborn, educated person who is often fussy. Jekyll calls Lanyon hide-bound because he is narrow-minded and judgmental of the ethics of Jekyll’s experiments.

How does Jekyll convince Utterson that he (Jekyll) can handle Mr. Hyde?
“The moment I choose, I can be rid of Mr. Hyde.”

What does Utterson promise Jekyll?
Treat Hyde right and justly, help him legally when Jekyll dies.

Dr. Henry Jekyll
“A large, well-made, smooth-faced man of fifty, with something of a slyish cast perhaps, but every mark of capacity and kindness.” The opposite of Mr. Hyde, basically.

Who is Sir Danvers Carew, and how is he described?
Upper class man, a client of Utterson, and well-loved by many people. The maid described him as “an aged and beautiful gentleman with white hair…the moon shone on his face as he spoke…it seemed to breathe such an innocent and old-world kindness of disposition.”

The maid recognized the man who assaulted Sir Carew to be ______. How did she know him?
Mr. Hyde; he had once visited her master, and she had instantly disliked him.

How is Hyde’s assault on Carew described? Why did he attack him?
As vicious, unprovoked, and “ape-like”. Hyde beat Carew to death and trampled him for no apparent reason.

How was Carew’s murder similar to the trampling of the girl in chapter one?
1. Took place at night.
2. Trampled both for no apparent reason.
3. Both victims were innocent – a child, and a man who the maid described as innocent-looking.

Symbolism of the full moon
While the maid was in peaceful, romantic mood because of the full moon, full moons are often associated with death, spookiness, and strange behavior.

What may have incited Hyde to murder, as well as his violent behavior in the past?
the innocence of his victim(s)

What evidence is there that Mr. Hyde’s rooms are furnished by Dr. Jekyll?
Jekyll is a connoisseur of fine art, and there are several fine paintings hanging on the walls.

How does Inspector Newcoman of Scotland Yard plan to catch Mr. Hyde?
Hyde had burned his cheque book; therefore, if Hyde is going to withdraw money, he has to get it in person at the bank. The inspector is going to set up a stakeout at the bank.

Why are Hyde’s movements difficult to trace?
His family could not be traced; he had never been photographed; those few who had seen him differed widely in their descriptions. The only point everyone who had seen him agreed on was his evil aura.

Who did Jekyll receive a letter from, and why does he give it to Mr. Utterson?
It is from Hyde. Jekyll gives it to Utterson because he trusts Utterson, and he is unsure whether he should give it to the police. He is worried about being connected to a murderer.

How does the letter ease Mr. Utterson’s fears that Hyde will not blackmail Jekyll into helping him escape?
The letter ensures that Hyde will never bother Jekyll again and that he already has a means of escape. He will never return again.

Why is Utterson suspicious about the origin of the letter?
1. Poole had no knowledge of a letter arriving by messenger (like Jekyll had claimed), only through the mail.
2. Jekyll claims he “accidentally” burned the envelope before he realized whom it was from.

Mr. Guest
Utterson’s head clerk that he trusted deeply and often discussed important matters with. “There was no man from whom he kept fewer secrets than Mr Guest; and he was not always sure that he kept as many as he meant…The clerk, besides, was a an of counsel.”

Why does Mr. Guest compare the letter from Hyde to the invitation to dinner from Jekyll?
The handwriting of Hyde’s letter seemed familiar; it was almost identical to Jekyll’s handwriting, just sloped differently, implying Jekyll may have forged the letter for Hyde.

What change does Utterson notice in Jekyll in the months following Hyde’s disappearance?
Jekyll is more social and happy like he used to be. Jekyll also makes amends with Dr. Lanyon.

What sudden change occurs in Jekyll after two months of being “back to normal” after Hyde’s disappearance?
He starts shutting Utterson out and confines himself to the house.

How has Dr. Lanyon changed? What topic does he refuse to discuss with Lanyon?
“He had his death warrant written legibly upon his face. The rosy man had grow pale; his flesh had fallen away; he was visibly balder and older.” His seemed terrified of his coming death, which he believes to be within a few weeks. He refuses to talk about Dr. Jekyll, and regards him (Jekyll) as dead.

How does Jekyll explain his seclusion to Mr. Utterson?
He isn’t specific, but he talks about bringing upon himself “a punishment and a danger that he cannot name.” He says “If I am the chief of sinners, I am the chief of sufferers also.”

What does the letter from Lanyon have in common with Jekyll’s will?
Lanyon’s letter is not to be opened until after “the death or disappearance of Dr. Henry Jekyll”; Jekyll’s will also mentioned the possibility of his own “disappearance”, that if he did disappear for too long or died, his belongings and fortune would be inherited by Edward Hyde.

Even though Utterson continues to try to visit Jekyll, he is always turned away, Utterson doesn’t actually desire the company of Dr. Jekyll. Why?
Utterson is afraid of what may have become of Jekyll. Utterson took Lanyon’s warning about Jekyll to heart, and even Poole says Jekyll is in a bad state.

What is Jekyll’s mood when Enfield and Utterson encounter him looking out the window?
He appears like a prisoner, and infinitely sad.

The mysterious door and its building is actually _________.
The back entrance to Dr. Jekyll’s laboratory.

Enfield and Utterson come upon the mysterious door again on one of their walks. “Well, that story’s at an end, at least. We shall never see more of Mr. Hyde,” says Enfield.
This is an example of ________.
foreshadowing

Why are Poole and the other servants frightened?
They have been hearing strange sounds from Jekyll’s cabinet, and a voice that isn’t Jekyll’s. They think someone killed Jekyll and took his place.

Where does the impostor send Poole? How does he communicate with the butler?
He sends him all over town to different apothecaries and chemists for a pure sample of a certain drug. He communicates through notes and speaking through the door, but never face-to-face.

How does Poole convince Utterson that they must break into Jekyll’s cabinet?
Poole once caught sight of the impostor scampering back into the cabinet – clearly, it’s not Jekyll in there. He believes the impostor is Hyde.

How is Hyde behaving in the doctor’s laboratory?
He paces back and forth all day and most of the night, crying out and weeping for the drug. He is completely mad.

Utterson still believes Hyde killed Jekyll, but he is confused for several reasons. What are they?
1. Jekyll wrote a note to Utterson that was found in the cabinet, and it was dated that morning, but Hyde had been in the cabinet for a week.
2. How could Hyde have disposed of Jekyll and his body in such a short time, without the anyone’s knowledge, or anyone noticing that the cabinet was empty.

Why do they decide that Jekyll could not have escaped out the back door?
The key is rusted and dusty from not being used in a long time, and the doorknob is rusted and cracked so that it couldn’t be used.

What two things surprise Mr. Utterson about the will found on Jekyll’s desk?
Everything of Jekyll’s had been left to Utterson, and it was also dated for that morning.

What other two documents were discovered on Jekyll’s desk besides the will?
A note to Utterson, telling him to read Lanyon’s narrative (which had been enclosed in Lanyon’s will) and a packet that had been sealed very carefully in several places.

What favor does Jekyll ask of Dr. Lanyon?
To retrieve a drawerful of things from his cabinet, then wait for a man that Jekyll would send to come for the drawer at midnight.

List the contents of the drawer
-packages of powders that Jekyll arranged himself
-a phial of blood-red liquid
-a book of dates with small notes about an unnamed experiment written in it

What was strange about the man who came to pick up the drawer?
Like Mr. Hyde, he had an evil, disturbing aura and his clothes were comically huge on him, even though they were fancy and tailored.

What choice does Mr. Hyde offer Dr. Lanyon? What does Lanyon decide?
Mr. Hyde asks Dr. Lanyon if he wants to see what the big deal is about, what the mysterious powders and such were for, why all the secrecy, etc. Dr. Lanyon decides that he’s gone to too much trouble to not find out.

What happens when Hyde drinks the solution?
He turns back into Dr. Jekyll.

How does Lanyon react?
He is horrified to the point that he will never recover. He is traumatized and can’t sleep at night.

What did Jekyll believe his worst fault was as a young man?
He concealed his pleasures, so that he was always proper and reserved in public.

What aspect of Jekyll’s own character inspired his research?
His split personality that developed from his habit of hiding his pleasures from other people. He wanted to know if it was possible to separate a man’s good and evil sides.

How does Jekyll feel after drinking the potion for the first time? How has he changed physically?
He was in intense pain and his “spirit was horrified”. After the pain ended, he felt lighter, freer, younger and he “knew himself to be more wicked” than ever before. He was now much shorter and younger than Henry Jekyll.

Why are other people repelled by Hyde’s appearance? Why doesn’t Jekyll feel the same way (at first)?
Most people are a mix of good and bad, but Hyde is the only person who is completely evil, and they can tell just by looking at him.
Jekyll isn’t repelled because he is a scientist – he sees Hyde as a scientific success, not an evil being.

Why does Jekyll think Hyde is so much younger and shorter than Jekyll?
He believes his evil side (Hyde) is not as prominent as his good side (Jekyll), so his good side is older and taller and stronger. His evil side is the polar opposite of his good side in every way.

Since the drug changes his personality, why is why is he not changed into a completely good man instead of an evil one?

How did the pleasures Dr. Jekyll sought in the disguise of Mr. Hyde change over time? How does Jekyll justify continuing to become Mr. Hyde?
They went from “undignified” to “monstrous” as Jekyll describes it. He justified himself by turning back into Jekyll and hurrying to undo the Hyde’s evils if at all possible.

How did Jekyll start losing control?
He began to turn into Hyde unwillingly and unconsciously. The drug stopped working for him in single portions, so he had to double the amount. It became harder to get rid of Hyde to bring back Jekyll – the opposite of how it had been in the beginning.

How does Jekyll justify Mr. Hyde’s brutal attack on Danvers Carew?
He thought that since Hyde had now been satisfied, to Jekyll’s horror, Hyde would be gone for good. He resolved to never transform into Hyde again and to make up for his past mistakes.

At this point, why is it not possible for Dr. Jekyll to prevent the re-emergence of Mr. Hyde?
Any time that Jekyll feels any sort of pleasure or happiness, he turns into Hyde.

How does Mr. Hyde trap Dr. Jekyll in his laboratory?
He wasn’t able to remain as Jekyll without immediate administration of the drug, and if he fell asleep he would immediately turn back into Hyde, so he confined himself in the lab.

How does Mr. Hyde show his hatred of Dr. Jekyll?
Hyde writes, in Jekyll’s handwriting, “blasphemies” in Jekyll’s books, burns his letters and destroys the portrait of his father.

What finally dooms Dr. Jekyll to either living out his life as Me. Hyde or committing suicide?
He runs out of the salt that was the main ingredient in the drug. He sends Poole to find more, but he realizes that the sample he had been using wasn’t pure, so pure samples were useless. He doesn’t have any more of the drug, so he is stuck as Hyde.

When does Henry Jekyll die? Mr. Hyde?
Henry Jekyll dies when the last bit of the drug wears off, half an hour after writing his will and the packet to Utterson, and he is lost to Mr. Hyde. Mr. Hyde dies when he commits suicide in the cabinet, that same day, when Utterson and Poole break down the door to the cabinet.