The social construction of race

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race
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a small part of a species; a subgroup within a species with defining traits not present in other groups within the species
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species
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a group of organisms capable of reproducing fertile offspring
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warblers
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birds in North America there are two races of this bird type white and yellow
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phenotypes
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the physical expression of genes can be misleading
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no
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Do we have an accurate way of describing phenotypes?
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Race by genotype
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malaria sickle cell anemia adult lactase
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malaria
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is an infectious sickness that we contract from insect bites
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sickle cell anemia
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smaller than normal red blood cell ; this one is the shape of a crescent moon
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adult lactase
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lactase is the enzyme that breaks down the milk sugar lactose. it is absent in these cases
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not far . it was not use in ancient Greece or Egypt . No
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How far back does the history of race go? Did Marco Polo use it in 1254-1324?
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Renaissance
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When did race begin? it was when Europeans were traveling and exposed to physical and cultural diversity Ethnocentrism prevented them from seeing us all as part of one group
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Carolus linneaus
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the False science of race: originally race was explained using the bible – this changes in the 18th century -this man divides humans into four groups by skin color -american(red), european (white), asiatic(yellow), and african (black) – he also attached behavioral characteristics to each group european being the best
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biology determines behavior
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what does biological determinism mean?
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biological determinism
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the belief that behaviors are genetically rooted firmly entrenched in middle- 1800s
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eugenics
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france galton advocated theme of racial improvement through selective breading often associated with Nazi Germany they encouraged specific race traits and force-able measures such as sterilized criminals
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some on based on language, skin color , geological location, and being human
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These are the six common categories for race Hispanic , white/ Caucasian, black/ African american, Asian or P.I, N.A or A.N , and other What are they based on?
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1 quadrillion
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How many ancestors did we have 40 generations ago?
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we are all related
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WHat does this tell us about ancestry
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ethnic group
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a social category based on a common cultural heritage
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race and ethnicity
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is a social category and both are classified into minorities: terms of power
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prejudice groups
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sometimes generalizations can be attached to what
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racism
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prejudice on the basis of race. the belief that one perceived group is biologically superior to another perceived group
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discrimination, segregation and genocide
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racism and prejudice can result in :
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other; 46
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What is the taxonomic binomial name for the human species? How many chromosomes do humans have?
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no, no because discrimination happens. and ego centrism. tests and taxes use race to categorize us
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Is race a biologically useful category among humans? Can we divide humans into discrete racial groups? How is this idea perpetuated in US society?
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discrimination
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Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a group.
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prejudice
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A rigid attitude that is based on group membership and predisposes an individual to feel, think or act in a negative way toward another person or group.
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ethnicity
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A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
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genocide
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Deliberate elimination of a group through mass murder.

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