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The Progressive Era Test Questions

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During the Progressive era
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new immigration from southern and eastern Europe reached its peak.
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A cause not widely championed by Progressives was:
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civil rights for black.
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The Progressive presidents were:
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Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson.
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Feminism:
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sought to attack the tradition roles of sexual behavior of women.
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Electoral reform during the Progressive era:
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actually limited many Americans’ right to vote.
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What Progressive-era issue became a crossroads where the paths labor radicals, cultural modernists, and feminists intersected?
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birth control
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Muckrackers
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exposed the problems of industrial and urban life.
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To create national parks like Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Glacier, the federal government:
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removed Indians who hunted and fished on these lands
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All of the following statements about mass consumption in the early twentieth century are true EXCEPT:
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southerners fully participated in the mass-consumption society
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As a Progressive president, Woodrow Wilson
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signed into law the Keating-Owen Act
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Vaudeville is a:
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form of entertainment.
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Scientific management:
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was pioneered by Fredrick W. Taylor
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Which institution became a pillar of stability for the immigrants as they settled into the communities in American cities?
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church
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Founder of the Society of American Indians, Carlos Montezuma:
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demanded that American Indians be left alone in
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Eugene V. Debs was:
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a Socialist candidate for president.
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The Progressive movement drew its strength from:
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middle-class reformers
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Progressive governor of Wilsconsin, Robert La Follette, instituted all of the following reforms EXCEPT:
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using political bosses to staff his administration.
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Maternalist reform:
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was supported by both feminists and more traditional women
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The 1912 strike in Lawerence, Massachusetts:
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is also known as the Bread and Roses strike
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Margert Sanger was a:
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birth-control advocate.
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Most new immigrants who arrived during the years of the twentieth century:
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lived in close-knit communities
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The main difference between New Nationalism and New Freedom was over:
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regulating versus trust-busting
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After 1900, the campaign for women’s suffrage:
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included both middle- and working-class women
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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Progressive reformers?
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Progressives pursued radical alternatives to capitalism
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Which of the following social groups was NOT heavily involved in the Progressive movement?
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big-city-machine politicians
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During the progressive era:
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growing numbers of native-born white women worked in offices
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Which was Ellis Island of the West?
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Angel Island
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The word “Progressivism” came into common use around 1910:
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as a way of describing a broad, loosely defined political movement of individuals and groups
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Who was NOT a candidate in the 1912 presidential election
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William Jennings Bryan
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As a Progressive president, Theodore Roosevelt:
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supported the conservation movement
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The writer whose work encourages the passage of the Meat Inspection Act was:
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Upton Sinclair
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The Industrial Workers of the World:
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advocated a workers’ revolution
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In the early twentieth century, Angel Island in San Francisco Bay became known as the “Ellis Island of the West” and served as the main entry point for immigrants from:
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Japan
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In the early twentieth century, the Socialist Party advocated for all of the following EXCEPT:
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national health insurance
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Charlotte Perkins Gilman claimed that the road to woman’s freedom lay through:
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the workplace
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All of the following people were “muckrakers” EXCEPT: Upton Sinclair Samuel Gompers Lewis Hine Ida Tarbell Lincoln Steffens
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Samuel Gompers
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President Theodore Roosevelt:
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helped striking coal miners to negotiate a favorable settlement with their employers
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The Triangle Shirtwaist fire:
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brought in its wake increased union organizing among New York City garment workers and much-needed safety legislation
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Birds of passage were
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immigrants who planned on returning to their homeland
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All of the following statements about Jane Addams and Hull House are true EXCEPT: – Addams believed that reformers needed to aid the poor from afar – Addams built kindergartens for immigrant children – Addams established employment bureaus and health clinics – Hull House was modeled on a settlement house in London – Hull House and other settlement houses provided careers for the “new woman”
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Addams believed that reformers needed to aid the poor from afar
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Which person was a Supreme Court justice and a Progressive reformer who advocated for the labor movement?
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Louis Brandeis
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The painters who were part of the Ashcan School focused their art on:
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city life
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During the Progressive era:
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urban development highlighted social inequalities
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The new concepts of a “living wage” and the “American standard of living”:
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allowed for criticism of the inequalities of wealth and power
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The Ludlow Massacre was a tragic confrontation between:
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Colorado mine workers and militia
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Progressive-era immigration was part of a larger process of worldwide migration set in motion by all of the following forces EXCEPT: – the annexation of the Philippines – widespread poverty in rural southern and eastern Europe and parts of Asia – political turmoil – industrial expansion – the decline of traditional agriculture
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the annexation of the Philippines
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During the Progressive era:
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commercial farming grew
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A frank acceptance of the benefits of bigness, coupled with the intervention of government to counteract its abuses, best describes the philosophy behind:
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New Nationalism
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By 1912, the Socialist Party:
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had elected scores of local officials
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The program that sought to streamline production and boost profits by systematically controlling costs and work practices was called:
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scientific management
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All of the following statements about Urban Progressives are true EXCEPT: – They raised taxes to increase spending on schools and parks – They worked with political machines – They sought to establish public control of gas and water works – They worked to reform the structure of government – They sought to improve public transportation
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They worked with political machines
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Newspaper and magazine writers, who exposed the ills of industrial and urban life, fueling the progressive movement, were known as:
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muckrakers
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Which statement about the textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, in 1912 is FALSE? – The strike demonstrated that workers sought the opportunity to enjoy the finer things in life – The strikers asked the American Federation of Labor for assistance – Children of the striking workers publicly marched up New York’s Fifth Avenue – The strike was in response to a reduction in weekly wages – The strike was settled on the workers’ terms
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The strikers asked the American Federation of Labor for assistance
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In 1912, New Freedom:
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was Woodrow Wilson’s campaign pledge that government should renew economic competition with less government intervention
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In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court:
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argued that women were too weak to work long hours
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Asian and Mexican immigrants in the early twentieth century:
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clustered in the West as agricultural workers
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Jane Addams:
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advocated for the working poor
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The term “Fordism”
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describes as economic system based on mass production and mass consumption
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A worker who crossed a picket line during a strike was called a
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scab
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The sixteenth amendment
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authorized Congress to implement a graduated income tax
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Nickelodeons
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were motion-picture theaters with a five-cent admission charge
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All of the following measures expanded democracy during the Progressive era EXCEPT:
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literacy tests and residency requirements
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Who used the Sherman Antitrust Act to dissolve J. P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company?
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Theodore Roosevelt
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The battle for free speech among workers in the early twentieth century:
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was led by the Industrial Workers of the World