The New Imperialism Test Questions

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Why did European nations send missionaries to convert people in Africa and Asia to Christianity? Check all that apply.
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Europeans believed Christianity would make people more civilized. Europeans wanted to expand their power around the world.
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Westerners who ruled territories directly denied the influence of natives because
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Westerners saw territories as an extension of a home country, so they demanded that natives conform.
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Send forth the best ye breed– Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild– Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child.
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The term “White Mans Burden” refers to:
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the belief that Europe had a duty to civilize other people.
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Which area was colonized under new imperialism?
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Africa
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The passage is about Britain’s imperialistic actions. It was the task of civilization to put an end to slavery, to establish Courts of Law, to teach the natives a sense of individual responsibility, of liberty, and of justice, and to teach their rulers how to apply these principles; above all, to see to it that the system of education should be such as to produce happiness and progress. I am confident that the verdict of history will award high praise to the efforts and achievements of Great Britain in the discharge of these great responsibilities… -Frederick Lugard, 1923 Which best summarizes the author’s feelings about British imperialism?
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Imperialism was an honorable enterprise that improved life for native cultures.
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How was a colony different from a protectorate?
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A colony was controlled by an imperial power, but a protectorate was not.
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How did advanced weaponry help Europe during new imperialism?
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It gave imperialists even more power over non-Europeans.
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How were old imperialism and new imperialism similar?
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Colonies existed for the benefit of a mother country.
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Europeans’ belief in their cultural superiority helped them justify imperialistic actions because they thought
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spreading European culture to other nations helped the less advanced.
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Imperialism
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one country’s political, economic, and social domination of another country. • Romans • Persians • Greek
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Two factors led Europeans to pursue to Imperialism
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Political Factors and Economic Factors
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Political Factors-Nationalism led to imperialism because it increased competition for power among these different European states.
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• Patriotism fueled the desire for an empire. They felt that their country was better than the other. • Nations competed to create colonies. These colonies would bring raw materials to them. They would also provide a market to send these finished goods to. • Nations competed to build up their military power. If you have a massive empire of colonies all around the world, you have to protect them.
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Economic factors- Industrial Revolution & Industrialization led to imperialism.
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• If you have this Industrial Revolution, you need two things to fuel that revolution. o Greater need for resources. o Desire for new markets.
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Navies:
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• Built by imperial countries o protect their colonies around the world • Large and powerful • Built military bases around the world to keep navies fueled with coal, provisions, men, as well as to pick-up and drop-off things. • Wanted to control waterways, such as the Straits of Malacca, the Straits of Hormuz, these various points where all of the cargo would have to go through. The British Empire tried to control these various areas by the use of these coaling stations. • All navy boats required coal. Coaling stations allowed for these world navies, these imperialist nations, to fuel up and control these key waterways, as well as protect their colonies. • Forced other European imperialist powers from taking land from the original colony.
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Why did European nations pursue imperialism? 1. To spread European culture: Ideas like Christianity, democracy, technology, languages, and style of dress were being exported to these different colonies.
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• Ethnocentric feelings, led Westerners to believe that their cultures were superior or above the native cultures. • Because they felt superior they felt their imperialistic actions were justified. This justification led to the belief of Social Darwinism. Which is the belief in Darwin’s principle of survival of the fittest. If a native culture did not exist or did not fight against or was not able to repel the Europeans, rulers believed that native culture should not exist because it was not the fittest. • There became the belief in the white man’s burden, that it was the Westerners duty to actually civilize these heathens as they called them. That it was their duty to go into these different colonies and bring that Western civilization to them.
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Why did European nations pursue imperialism? 2. To spread Religious beliefs and convert to Christianity:
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• Missionaries went to Asia and Africa. Especially in Africa, Dr. David Livingstone, to convert the native peoples to Christianity. • Religious leaders often tried to defend the native peoples against a number of injustices that took place by these imperialist powers. • Still the belief was that if these native people adopted Christianity, this was just another way that they would gradually become civilized according to the European ideals of imperialism.
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Social factors of imperialism led to two type of rule- Old Imperialism & New Imperialism: Old Imperialism- 1480 to 1650:
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• Sought gold, cash crops, as well as trade goods • Focused on settlement and large-landed empires controlled by the Spanish. Think of South America. • Colonization was in the Americas, some in Africa, and in Australia. • Finally, they founded colonies to benefit the home country.
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Social factors of imperialism led to two type of rule- Old Imperialism & New Imperialism: New Imperialism 1870 up to 1914:
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• Sought raw materials and new markets for the finished goods. • Focused on small settlement. However, they had extensive government control. • Colonization mainly focused on Africa and Asia.
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What did Old Imperialism and New Imperialism have in common?
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Both were to benefit the home (Mother Country) country of Great Britain or of Germany or of France.
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Great Britain: How did such a small country control such large swaths of land? European powers had a number of advantages that allowed them to control large populations.
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1. Able to improve the transportation systems. They had steamboats as well as railways. The constructed the Suez Canal, which allowed for transportation to go much faster. 2. They had advanced military weapons against the native tribes that had much more antiquated weapons. 3. Communications technology. News traveled faster with the use of improved transportation methods.
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The various European powers all controlled different types of territories in order to benefit the home country. 1. Colonies:
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Imperial Powers controlled their colonies slightly differently. New England, before the Revolutionary War and number of the areas in the new world were colonies of the British Empire.
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The various European powers all controlled different types of territories in order to benefit the home country. 2. Protectorate:
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This is a territory under the protection of an imperial power. An example of this would be Barbados, which is a small island, which is a protectorate of Great Britain. Now Great Britain is going to defend Barbados, but because it’s able to defend it, Barbados will give Great Britain some of its raw materials at really cheap prices.
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The various European powers all controlled different types of territories in order to benefit the home country. 3. Various spheres of influence
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where an imperial power has dominant trading and investment rights in that area. Especially in China, where various European powers have a sphere of influence over a certain area and would control the trade.
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European powers varied in HOW they controlled their different types of territories. Some preferred Direct Rule others preferred Indirect Rule. Direct Rule:
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• Rule by Westerners without the influence of the native peoples. • Explicit programs of cultural conversion were included. They’re trying to convert these native people into a Western style people. • Colonies were considered extensions of the home country.
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European powers varied in HOW they controlled their different types of territories. Some preferred Direct Rule others preferred Indirect Rule. Indirect Rule:
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• Rule by Westerners with native participation. • Some acceptance of native cultures • Colonies were considered to be separate from the home country.
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By building military bases around the world, imperialist nations mainly aimed to
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resupply naval vessels.
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What was social Darwinism?
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the process of natural superiority in the struggle for survival
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In what way did imperialism hurt rather than help European nations?
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It kept nations from cooperating to achieve shared goals.
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What was one effect of nation industrialization?
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Nations needed more raw materials.

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