The Iliad Study Guide

Achilles
Leader of the Myrmidons; great Greek warrior
Agamemnon
King of Mycenae; older brother to Menelaus
Chryses
Priest of Apollo; asked Agamemnon for his daughter back
Chrysies
Daughter of Chryses
Calchas
Wisest of augers
Briseis
Achilles prize
Nestor
Leader of the Pylians; wisest and oldest of the Greek chieftains
Patroclus
Older friend and squire of Achilles
Myrmidons
Followers of Achilles from Phthia
Dawn
goddess of day break
Eurybates
Ithican; faithful servant of Odysseus
Thersites
Ugliest of Greeks; an endless talker
Scamander
The chief river god; flows through the plain before Troy
Iris
Messenger of gods
Oceanus
Earth encircling river God
Talthybius
Herald and friend of Agamemnon
Antenor
Elderly counselor to Priam and the Trojans
Laodice
Fairest of Priam’s daughters
Castor & Pollox
Twin brothers of Helen; Castor is a horse trainer & Pollox is a boxer
Idaeus
Trojan herald of Priam
Hebe
Cupbearer of gods
Pandarus
Son of Lycaon; famous Trojan archer (shot Menelaus)
Sthenelus
Friend of Diomed; co-ruler of Argos
Eurypylus
King of Thessaly; important Greek warrior
Boreas
god of cold north wind
Paeeon
Healer of gods and men
Glaucus
Grandson of Bellephron; friends with Diomed because of family history
Diomed
Ruler of Argos; brave and honorable man
Hector
Son of Priam; brave and honorable man
Ajax the Greater
Son of Telemon; famous Greek warrior
Athene
goddess of wisdom; Greek side
Apollo
god of archery; Trojan side; twin brother to Aphrodite
Ajax the lesser
Swift Greek runner
Zeus
King of the gods; neutral
Hera
Wife of Zeus; Greek side
Teucer
Brother of Ajax the greater; archer who hides behind Ajax’s shield while shooting enemies
Phoenix
Surrogate father to Achilles; cursed to have no children
Odysseus
King of Ithica; Greek warrior
Odius
Herald and embassy to Achilles
Dolon
Spy for the Trojans
Eumedes
Father of Eumides
Rhesus
King of Thracians
Hippocoon
Noble and counsellor to the Thracians
Polydamas
Trojan advisor to Hector
Sepreones
Illegitimate son of Priam; half brother and charioteer to Hector
Sarpedon
Grandson to Zeus
Tenedos
Small northeastern Aegean island sacred to Apollo
Argos
Important city near Mycenae in the Argolid; under rule of Diomed
Icarian sea
Part of the Aegean Sea around the island Icaria
Aulis
Coastal town in eastern Boeotia; where Greeks met before sailing to Troy
Lycia
Region in southern anatoliea
Scaen Gates
Main gates of Troy from which non-combatants can observe the battle
Pergamus
Tallest point in the city; citadel of Troy
Mt. Olympus
Home of the gods
Hellespont
Narrow strait that divides the Troad and Anatolia from Thrace
Salamis
Small island kingdom of Telamon a few miles from Athens
Lemnos
Aegean island west of Troy; volcanic forge of Hephaestus
Tartarus
Lowest abyss under the earth; place of punishment
Gargarus
Topmost peak of Mt. Ida
Helice & Aegae
Two Achaean cities where Poseidon was revered
Lesbos
Large island south of Troy
Demeter
goddess of grain; mother of Persephone
Rhea
Titan wife to Cronus (Saturn); mother of gods
Sleep
Brother of Death and son of night
Graces
Three sisters; goddesses of beauty and creativity
Styx
One of the main rivers that flows through Hades by which the gods swore their most solemn oaths
Themis
goddess of divine law and order
Erinyes
The furies; goddess of vengeance
Menoetius
Father of Patroclus
Peleus
Father of Achilles; Myrmidon leader
Xanthus and Balius
Immortal horses of Achilles
Charis
One of the Graces; wife of Hephaestus
Eurynome
Daughter of Oceanus; mother of Graces by Zeus
Daedalus
Built the Labrinth
Folly
Oldest daughter to Zeus; walks on heads of men for ill
Hyperion
The sun god; Titan
Zephyrus
The west wind; father of Xanthus and Balius by harpy
Strife
another name for Discord
What are the heavenly bodies on the new sheild of achilles?
What are the heavenly bodies on the new sheild of achilles?
Huge O’rian, Ursa, pleadease
Andromachy was worried about Astyanax’s …..
Future, because he had no father
Paris should have died at the hands of Menelaus but did not because…
Aphrodite saved him
Who killed Pandarus?
Diomedes
In book two the list that is commonly found in antient literature is called the …
Catelogue
Hector did not fear his own death but feared ….
His son’s and wifes future
Andromache was __________ when she heard the woman wailing for Hector’s death?
Weaving
Who’s aid did homer invoke at the beginning of the Iliad ?
The muses
Who wins the duel between Menelaus and Paris?
Menelaus was winning when aphrodite took Paris away
Who told Achilles of Patroclus death?
Antilochus
What was Achilles doing when the embassy came to him ?
Playing the lyre
Who helped hector break through the Greek wall?
The gods
Helen, Andromache, and Hecuba make a speech at who’s funereal?
Hector’s
Who hosted the funeral games?
Achilles
When Odysseus was wounded who replied to his call for help?
Patroclus
Who told the Greeks why the gods were angry at them?
Chalchas
Why was Achilles not able to come to the aid of fallen Patroclus?
Because he had no armour
The main theme of the Iliad is …..
Glory somtimes in the form of armour
What rule did Zeus give the other gods?
They had to stop interferring in the war or he will throw them in the deps of tartarus
Chalchas wanted the protection of Achilles in return for?
The reason the gods were angry
What did Athena do at the request of Zeus to give strength to Achilles?
Ambrosia on his body
We are reading who’s translation of the Illiad?
Samuel Butler
Hector broke the wall by throwing a stone and what into the wall?
Himself
Diomede’s god supporters were?
Athene and Hera
What sign did Zeus send to the Greeks?
An eagle
What did Andromache do when hector returned to the battle?
She lamented for him though he were alive
According to iris what is hector going to do to the body of Patroclus?
Cutting of his head and puting it on a stake and feeding his body to the dogs
What three gods did Diomed attack ?
Apollo, Aphrodite, and Ares
Achilles won’t bathe untill he cuts his hair in morning for…
Patroclus
Why did Agamemnon show no pity for the 2 sons of antimachus?
They were preventing the return of helen
What happened in the battle between Diomed and Glaucus?
In the “battle” between Diomed and Glaucus they both started sharng their lineages, and discoverded their ansestors were freinds so they also became freinds. They then exchanged armour( Glaucus’s armour being more valuable) .
What two requests did Achilles make to for Zeus in his prayer ?
Courage and safty to Patroclus
Why did the Greek wall fail to protect them?
Because they did not offer hecatombs to the gods
Why did Priam take a servant and go alone to the Greek camp
To get hectors body