The Iliad Study Guide

Achilles
Leader of the Myrmidons; great Greek warrior

Agamemnon
King of Mycenae; older brother to Menelaus

Chryses
Priest of Apollo; asked Agamemnon for his daughter back

Chrysies
Daughter of Chryses

Calchas
Wisest of augers

Briseis
Achilles prize

Nestor
Leader of the Pylians; wisest and oldest of the Greek chieftains

Patroclus
Older friend and squire of Achilles

Myrmidons
Followers of Achilles from Phthia

Dawn
goddess of day break

Eurybates
Ithican; faithful servant of Odysseus

Thersites
Ugliest of Greeks; an endless talker

Scamander
The chief river god; flows through the plain before Troy

Iris
Messenger of gods

Oceanus
Earth encircling river God

Talthybius
Herald and friend of Agamemnon

Antenor
Elderly counselor to Priam and the Trojans

Laodice
Fairest of Priam’s daughters

Castor & Pollox
Twin brothers of Helen; Castor is a horse trainer & Pollox is a boxer

Idaeus
Trojan herald of Priam

Hebe
Cupbearer of gods

Pandarus
Son of Lycaon; famous Trojan archer (shot Menelaus)

Sthenelus
Friend of Diomed; co-ruler of Argos

Eurypylus
King of Thessaly; important Greek warrior

Boreas
god of cold north wind

Paeeon
Healer of gods and men

Glaucus
Grandson of Bellephron; friends with Diomed because of family history

Diomed
Ruler of Argos; brave and honorable man

Hector
Son of Priam; brave and honorable man

Ajax the Greater
Son of Telemon; famous Greek warrior

Athene
goddess of wisdom; Greek side

Apollo
god of archery; Trojan side; twin brother to Aphrodite

Ajax the lesser
Swift Greek runner

Zeus
King of the gods; neutral

Hera
Wife of Zeus; Greek side

Teucer
Brother of Ajax the greater; archer who hides behind Ajax’s shield while shooting enemies

Phoenix
Surrogate father to Achilles; cursed to have no children

Odysseus
King of Ithica; Greek warrior

Odius
Herald and embassy to Achilles

Dolon
Spy for the Trojans

Eumedes
Father of Eumides

Rhesus
King of Thracians

Hippocoon
Noble and counsellor to the Thracians

Polydamas
Trojan advisor to Hector

Sepreones
Illegitimate son of Priam; half brother and charioteer to Hector

Sarpedon
Grandson to Zeus

Tenedos
Small northeastern Aegean island sacred to Apollo

Argos
Important city near Mycenae in the Argolid; under rule of Diomed

Icarian sea
Part of the Aegean Sea around the island Icaria

Aulis
Coastal town in eastern Boeotia; where Greeks met before sailing to Troy

Lycia
Region in southern anatoliea

Scaen Gates
Main gates of Troy from which non-combatants can observe the battle

Pergamus
Tallest point in the city; citadel of Troy

Mt. Olympus
Home of the gods

Hellespont
Narrow strait that divides the Troad and Anatolia from Thrace

Salamis
Small island kingdom of Telamon a few miles from Athens

Lemnos
Aegean island west of Troy; volcanic forge of Hephaestus

Tartarus
Lowest abyss under the earth; place of punishment

Gargarus
Topmost peak of Mt. Ida

Helice & Aegae
Two Achaean cities where Poseidon was revered

Lesbos
Large island south of Troy

Demeter
goddess of grain; mother of Persephone

Rhea
Titan wife to Cronus (Saturn); mother of gods

Sleep
Brother of Death and son of night

Graces
Three sisters; goddesses of beauty and creativity

Styx
One of the main rivers that flows through Hades by which the gods swore their most solemn oaths

Themis
goddess of divine law and order

Erinyes
The furies; goddess of vengeance

Menoetius
Father of Patroclus

Peleus
Father of Achilles; Myrmidon leader

Xanthus and Balius
Immortal horses of Achilles

Charis
One of the Graces; wife of Hephaestus

Eurynome
Daughter of Oceanus; mother of Graces by Zeus

Daedalus
Built the Labrinth

Folly
Oldest daughter to Zeus; walks on heads of men for ill

Hyperion
The sun god; Titan

Zephyrus
The west wind; father of Xanthus and Balius by harpy

Strife
another name for Discord

What are the heavenly bodies on the new sheild of achilles?
What are the heavenly bodies on the new sheild of achilles?
Huge O’rian, Ursa, pleadease

Andromachy was worried about Astyanax’s …..
Future, because he had no father

Paris should have died at the hands of Menelaus but did not because…
Aphrodite saved him

Who killed Pandarus?
Diomedes

In book two the list that is commonly found in antient literature is called the …
Catelogue

Hector did not fear his own death but feared ….
His son’s and wifes future

Andromache was __________ when she heard the woman wailing for Hector’s death?
Weaving

Who’s aid did homer invoke at the beginning of the Iliad ?
The muses

Who wins the duel between Menelaus and Paris?
Menelaus was winning when aphrodite took Paris away

Who told Achilles of Patroclus death?
Antilochus

What was Achilles doing when the embassy came to him ?
Playing the lyre

Who helped hector break through the Greek wall?
The gods

Helen, Andromache, and Hecuba make a speech at who’s funereal?
Hector’s

Who hosted the funeral games?
Achilles

When Odysseus was wounded who replied to his call for help?
Patroclus

Who told the Greeks why the gods were angry at them?
Chalchas

Why was Achilles not able to come to the aid of fallen Patroclus?
Because he had no armour

The main theme of the Iliad is …..
Glory somtimes in the form of armour

What rule did Zeus give the other gods?
They had to stop interferring in the war or he will throw them in the deps of tartarus

Chalchas wanted the protection of Achilles in return for?
The reason the gods were angry

What did Athena do at the request of Zeus to give strength to Achilles?
Ambrosia on his body

We are reading who’s translation of the Illiad?
Samuel Butler

Hector broke the wall by throwing a stone and what into the wall?
Himself

Diomede’s god supporters were?
Athene and Hera

What sign did Zeus send to the Greeks?
An eagle

What did Andromache do when hector returned to the battle?
She lamented for him though he were alive

According to iris what is hector going to do to the body of Patroclus?
Cutting of his head and puting it on a stake and feeding his body to the dogs

What three gods did Diomed attack ?
Apollo, Aphrodite, and Ares

Achilles won’t bathe untill he cuts his hair in morning for…
Patroclus

Why did Agamemnon show no pity for the 2 sons of antimachus?
They were preventing the return of helen

What happened in the battle between Diomed and Glaucus?
In the “battle” between Diomed and Glaucus they both started sharng their lineages, and discoverded their ansestors were freinds so they also became freinds. They then exchanged armour( Glaucus’s armour being more valuable) .

What two requests did Achilles make to for Zeus in his prayer ?
Courage and safty to Patroclus

Why did the Greek wall fail to protect them?
Because they did not offer hecatombs to the gods

Why did Priam take a servant and go alone to the Greek camp
To get hectors body

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