The Iliad Study Guide
Leader of the Myrmidons; great Greek warrior
King of Mycenae; older brother to Menelaus
Priest of Apollo; asked Agamemnon for his daughter back
Daughter of Chryses
Wisest of augers
Leader of the Pylians; wisest and oldest of the Greek chieftains
Older friend and squire of Achilles
Followers of Achilles from Phthia
goddess of day break
Ithican; faithful servant of Odysseus
Ugliest of Greeks; an endless talker
The chief river god; flows through the plain before Troy
Messenger of gods
Earth encircling river God
Herald and friend of Agamemnon
Elderly counselor to Priam and the Trojans
Fairest of Priam’s daughters
Castor & Pollox
Twin brothers of Helen; Castor is a horse trainer & Pollox is a boxer
Trojan herald of Priam
Cupbearer of gods
Son of Lycaon; famous Trojan archer (shot Menelaus)
Friend of Diomed; co-ruler of Argos
King of Thessaly; important Greek warrior
god of cold north wind
Healer of gods and men
Grandson of Bellephron; friends with Diomed because of family history
Ruler of Argos; brave and honorable man
Son of Priam; brave and honorable man
Ajax the Greater
Son of Telemon; famous Greek warrior
goddess of wisdom; Greek side
god of archery; Trojan side; twin brother to Aphrodite
Ajax the lesser
Swift Greek runner
King of the gods; neutral
Wife of Zeus; Greek side
Brother of Ajax the greater; archer who hides behind Ajax’s shield while shooting enemies
Surrogate father to Achilles; cursed to have no children
King of Ithica; Greek warrior
Herald and embassy to Achilles
Spy for the Trojans
Father of Eumides
King of Thracians
Noble and counsellor to the Thracians
Trojan advisor to Hector
Illegitimate son of Priam; half brother and charioteer to Hector
Grandson to Zeus
Small northeastern Aegean island sacred to Apollo
Important city near Mycenae in the Argolid; under rule of Diomed
Part of the Aegean Sea around the island Icaria
Coastal town in eastern Boeotia; where Greeks met before sailing to Troy
Region in southern anatoliea
Main gates of Troy from which non-combatants can observe the battle
Tallest point in the city; citadel of Troy
Home of the gods
Narrow strait that divides the Troad and Anatolia from Thrace
Small island kingdom of Telamon a few miles from Athens
Aegean island west of Troy; volcanic forge of Hephaestus
Lowest abyss under the earth; place of punishment
Topmost peak of Mt. Ida
Helice & Aegae
Two Achaean cities where Poseidon was revered
Large island south of Troy
goddess of grain; mother of Persephone
Titan wife to Cronus (Saturn); mother of gods
Brother of Death and son of night
Three sisters; goddesses of beauty and creativity
One of the main rivers that flows through Hades by which the gods swore their most solemn oaths
goddess of divine law and order
The furies; goddess of vengeance
Father of Patroclus
Father of Achilles; Myrmidon leader
Xanthus and Balius
Immortal horses of Achilles
One of the Graces; wife of Hephaestus
Daughter of Oceanus; mother of Graces by Zeus
Built the Labrinth
Oldest daughter to Zeus; walks on heads of men for ill
The sun god; Titan
The west wind; father of Xanthus and Balius by harpy
another name for Discord
What are the heavenly bodies on the new sheild of achilles?
Huge O’rian, Ursa, pleadease
Andromachy was worried about Astyanax’s …..
Future, because he had no father
Paris should have died at the hands of Menelaus but did not because…
Aphrodite saved him
Who killed Pandarus?
In book two the list that is commonly found in antient literature is called the …
Hector did not fear his own death but feared ….
His son’s and wifes future
Andromache was __________ when she heard the woman wailing for Hector’s death?
Who’s aid did homer invoke at the beginning of the Iliad ?
Who wins the duel between Menelaus and Paris?
Menelaus was winning when aphrodite took Paris away
Who told Achilles of Patroclus death?
What was Achilles doing when the embassy came to him ?
Playing the lyre
Who helped hector break through the Greek wall?
Helen, Andromache, and Hecuba make a speech at who’s funereal?
Who hosted the funeral games?
When Odysseus was wounded who replied to his call for help?
Who told the Greeks why the gods were angry at them?
Why was Achilles not able to come to the aid of fallen Patroclus?
Because he had no armour
The main theme of the Iliad is …..
Glory somtimes in the form of armour
What rule did Zeus give the other gods?
They had to stop interferring in the war or he will throw them in the deps of tartarus
Chalchas wanted the protection of Achilles in return for?
The reason the gods were angry
What did Athena do at the request of Zeus to give strength to Achilles?
Ambrosia on his body
We are reading who’s translation of the Illiad?
Hector broke the wall by throwing a stone and what into the wall?
Diomede’s god supporters were?
Athene and Hera
What sign did Zeus send to the Greeks?
What did Andromache do when hector returned to the battle?
She lamented for him though he were alive
According to iris what is hector going to do to the body of Patroclus?
Cutting of his head and puting it on a stake and feeding his body to the dogs
What three gods did Diomed attack ?
Apollo, Aphrodite, and Ares
Achilles won’t bathe untill he cuts his hair in morning for…
Why did Agamemnon show no pity for the 2 sons of antimachus?
They were preventing the return of helen
What happened in the battle between Diomed and Glaucus?
In the “battle” between Diomed and Glaucus they both started sharng their lineages, and discoverded their ansestors were freinds so they also became freinds. They then exchanged armour( Glaucus’s armour being more valuable) .
What two requests did Achilles make to for Zeus in his prayer ?
Courage and safty to Patroclus
Why did the Greek wall fail to protect them?
Because they did not offer hecatombs to the gods
Why did Priam take a servant and go alone to the Greek camp
To get hectors body