The Digestive System Test Questions

Flashcard maker : Matilda Campbell
The organs of the digestive system form an irregular shaped tube called the alimentary canal or _______ ________.
gastrointestinal tract
The churning of food in the stomach is an example of the ___________ break down of food.
chemical
_________ breakdown occurs when digestive enzymes act on food as it passes through the digestive tract.
Mechanical
Waste material resulting from the digestive process is known as __________.
feces.
Foods undergo three kinds of processing in the body:
digestion, absorption, and metabolism.
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. MOUTH
MAIN
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Acceessory organ. PAROTIDS
ACCESSORY
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. LIVER
ACCESSORY
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. STOMACH
MAIN
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. CECUM
MAIN
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. ESOPHAGUS
MAIN
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. RECTUM
MAIN
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. PHARYNX
MAIN
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. APPENDIX
ACCESSORY
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. TEETH
ACCESSORY
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. GALLBLADDER
ACCESSORY
select the correct response from the two choices given: Main organ or Accessory organ. PANCREAS
ACCESSORY
Which one of the following is NOT a part of the roof off the mouth?
Uvula
palatine bones
maxillary bones
soft palate
all of the above are part of the roof of the mouth.
MAXILLARY BONES
The largest of the papillae on the surface of the tongue are the:
Filiform
fungiform
vallate
taste buds
VALLATE
The first baby tooth, on an average, appears at:
2 months
1 year
3 months
1 month
6 months
6 MONTHS
The portion of the tooth that is covered with enamel is the:
Pulp cavity
neck
Root
crown
none of the above is correct
CROWN
The wall of the pulp cavity is surrounded by:
Enamel
Dentin
Cementum
Connective Tissue
Bloood and lymphatic vessels
DENTIN
Which of the following teeth is missing from the deciduous arch?
central incisor
canine
second premolar
first molar
second molar
SECOND PREMOLAR
The permanent central incisor erupts between the ages of ________
9 and 13
5 and 6
7 and 10
7 and 8
None of tthe above.
7 and 8
The third molar appears between the ages of _________

10 and 14
5 and 8
11 and 16
17 and 24
None of the above.

17 and 24
A general term for infection of the gums is:

Dental caries
Leukoplakia
Vincent’s angina
Gingivitis

Gingivittis
The ducts of the ______ glands open into the floor of the mouth.

Sublingual
submandibular
parotid
carrottid

submandibular
The volume of saliva secreted per day is about:

One-halff pint
One pint
one liter
one gallon

one liter
Mumps are an infection of the:

Parotid gland
sublingual gland
submandibular gland
Tonsils

Parotid gland
Incisors are used during mastication to:

Cut
Piece
Tear
Grind

Cut
Another name for the third molar is:

Central incisor
Wisdom tooth
Canine
Lateral incisor

Wisdom tooth
After food has been chewed, it is formed into a small rounded mass called a:

Moat
Chyme
Bolus
Protease

Bolus
The serosa of the digestive tube is composed of the _______________ in the abdominal cavity.
visceral peritoneum
The digestive tract extends from the ___________ to the ______.
mouth to the anus
The inside or hollow space within the alimentary canal is called the __________
lumen
The inside layer of the digestive tract is the _________.
mucosa
The connective tissue layer that lies beneath the lining oof the digestive tract is the _____________.
submucosa
The muscularis contracts and moves food through the gastrointestinal tract by a process known as _____________.
Peristalsis
The outermost covering of the digestive tube is the ____________.
Serosa
The loops of the digestive tract are anchored to the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity by the ____________.
Mesentary
The _____________ is a tubelike structure that functions as part of both respiratory and digestive systems. It connects the mouth with the _____________. The esophagus sserves as a passageway for movement of food from the pharynx to the ___________.
pharynx, esophagus, and stomach.
Food enters the stomach by passing through the muscular ______ _______ _______ at the end of the esophagus.
lower esophageal sphincter
Contraction of the stomach mixes the food thoroughly with the gastric juices and breaks it down into aa semisolid mixture called _________.
chyme
The three divisions of the stomach are the
1
2
3
fundus, body, and pylorus
Food is held in the stomach by the ____________ muscle long enouugh for partial digestion to occur.
pyloric sphincter
After food has been in the stomach for approximately 3 hours, the chyme will enter the __________.
small intestine
stomach folds

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

rugae
upper right border of stomach

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

lesser curvature
heartburn

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

acid indegestine
10-inch passageway

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

esophagus
shown to be an effective treatment for Crohn’s disease

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

triple therapy
semisolid mixture of stomach contents

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

chyme
muscle contractions of the digestive system

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

peristalsis
crater-like wound in the digestive system caused by tissue destruction

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

ulcer
stomach pushes through the gap in the diaphragm

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

hiatal hernia
lower left border of stomach

esophagus
chyme
peristalsis
rugae
ulcer
greater curvature
acid indegestion
triple therapy
hiatal hernia
lesser curvature

greater curvature
Which one is not part of the small intestine?

jejunum
ileum
cecum
duodenum

cecum
Which one of the following structures does not increase the surface area of the intestine for absorption?

plicae
rugae
villi
brush border

rugae
The union of the cystic duct and hepatic duct form the:

common bile duct
major duodenum papilla
minor duodenum papilla
pancreatic duct

common bile duct
Obstruction of the ____________ will lead to jaundice.

hepatic duct
pancreatic duct
cystic duct
none of the above

none of the above
Each villus in the intestine contains a lymphatic vessel or ________ the serves to absorb lipid or fat materials from the chyme.

plica
lacteal
villa
microvilli

lacteal
The middle the of the duodenum contains the:

islets
fundus
body
rugae
major duodenum papilla

major duodenum papilla
Cholelithiasis is the term used to describe:

biliary colic
jaundice
portal hypertension
gall stones

gall stones
The liver is an:

enzyme
endocrine organ
endocrine gland
exocrine gland

exocrine gland
Fats in chyme stimulate the secretion of the hormone:

lipase
cholecystokinin
protease
amylase

cholecystokinin
The largest gland in the body is the:

pituitary
thyroid
liver
thymus

liver
Bacteria in the large intestine are responsible for the synthesis of vitamin E needed for normal blood clotting.
False
Villi in the large intestine absorb salts and water.
False
If waste products pass rapidly through the large intestine, constipation results.
False
The ileoecal valve opens into the sigmoid colon.
False
The splenic flexure is the bend between the ascending colon and the transverse colon.
False
The splenic colon is the S-shaped segment the terminates in the rectum.
False
The appendix serves no important digestive function in humans.
True
For patients with suspected appendicitis, a physician will often evaluate the apppendix by a digitaal rectal examination.
True
The visceral layer of the peritoneum lines the abdominal cavity.
False
The greater momentum is shaped like a fan and serves to anchor the small intestine to the posterior abdominal wall.
False
Diarrhea is an inflammation of abdominal saclike outpatchings of the intestinal wall.
False
Crohn’s disease is a type of autoimmune colitis.
True
A colostomy is a surgical procedure in wich an artificial anus is created on the abdominal wall.
True
Peritonitis is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal space.
False
Which one of the following substances does not contain any enzymes?

Saliva
Bile
Gastric juice
Pancreatic juice
Intestinal juice

Bile
Which one of the following is a simple sugar?

Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Glucose
Starch

Glucose
Cane sugar is the same as:

Maltose
Lactose
Sucrose
Glucose
None of the above

Sucrose
Most of the digestion of carbohydrates takes place in the:

Mouth
Stomach
Small intestine
Large intestine

Small intestine
Fats are broken down into:

Amino acids
Simple sugars
Fatty acids
Disaccharides

Fatty acids
Amylase. ____________. Maltose
Starch
Protease. Protiens. ___________
Partially digested protiens
Protease. Protiens. ___________
Amino acids
Lipase. ____________. Fatty acids, monoglycerides, glycerol
Fats emulsified by bile
Amylase. __________. Maltose
Starch
Peptidases. __________. Amino acids
Peptides
Lactase __________. Glucose and galactose
Lactose
Maltase. Maltose. __________.
Glucose
Mr. Amoto was a successful businessman, but he worked too hard and was always under great stress. He took high doses of aspirin, almost daily, to relieve his stress headaches. His doctor cautioned him that if he did not alter his style of living he would be subject to hyperacidity. What could be a result of hyperacidity?
Formation of ulcers
Baby Nicholas has been regurgitating his bottle feeding at every meal. The milk is curdles, but does not appear to be digested. He has become dehydrated, and so his mother, Bobbi, is taking him to the pediatrician. What is a possible diagnosis from your textbook reading?
Nicholas has diarrhea
Mr. Lynch has high cholesterol and quickly lost 25 pounds on an ultra low-fat diet. He has recently noticed a yellowish cast to his skin and periodic pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdominopelvic gion. What is a possible diagnosis for Mr. Lynch? What is the name of the surgical procedure that may be performed on Mr. Lunch
-Mr. Lynch’s diagnosis is jaundice
-The surgical procedure is called cholecystectomy

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member