Lead Based Paint Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Lead Based Paint?
Lead-based paint is a major health hazard in many homes and buildings. It is a serious problem because when lead-based paint deteriorates, it can create dust and chips that can be ingested or inhaled by humans and animals, causing serious health problems. Lead poisoning affects the brain, nervous system, kidneys, reproductive system, immune system and cardiovascular system. Children are particularly vulnerable to lead poisoning because their bodies are still developing. Lead-based paint was widely used before 1978 when it was banned as an interior wall coating material in the United States due to its toxicity. It can still be found in older homes and buildings built before 1978 as well as in some imported products such as toys made overseas with outdated materials that contain lead. The most common places where lead-based paint may be present are windowsills, doorsills, baseboards, stair railings and handrails. If you suspect your home or building may have lead-based paint hazards, there are several steps you should take to protect yourself and your family from this potentially dangerous substance: 1) Have your home inspected for lead-based paints by a certified inspector who has special training on how to identify it accurately; 2) If any areas of your home contain old layers of paint which may contain lead then they should be removed or properly sealed so they cannot become friable (easily crumbled into dust); 3) If removal is not possible then repainting over these areas with new nonlead based paints will reduce the risk of exposure; 4) Regularly clean walls and other surfaces that may have been painted with old layers of paint containing lead; 5) Ensure children do not chew on window sills or objects painted with old layers of paint containing lead; 6) Have your children tested for blood levels of Lead if there is any suspicion that they have been exposed to Lead Paint; Taking these steps will help keep you safe from potential hazards associated with old layers of Lead Based Paint found inside homes or buildings built prior to 1978.